Skip to main content
Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences 9/2019

01.05.2019 | Thematic Issue

Spatial and temporal variability in hydrochemistry of a small-scale dolomite karst environment

verfasst von: Tahoora Sheikhy Narany, Daniel Bittner, Markus Disse, Gabriele Chiogna

Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences | Ausgabe 9/2019

Einloggen

Aktivieren Sie unsere intelligente Suche, um passende Fachinhalte oder Patente zu finden.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Dolomite karst systems are less common and less exploited than limestone systems, but still they can significantly contribute to drinking water supply in many countries. The knowledge about spatial and temporal variations of hydrochemical parameters of such systems is much more limited than for limestone karst aquifers. In the present research, 40-year-long observations of hydrochemical parameters gathered from five springs and a pumping well in Waidhofen an der Ybbs (Austria) were used to show the variability of chemical water composition in a small-scale ( ~ 10 km2) dolomite karst system. Integration of classic geochemical methods and multivariate statistical analysis revealed that the hydrofacies correlate directly with the lithofacies (dolomite) in the study area. At the same time, measured concentrations of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, Cl, and HCO3 allow for a classification of the springs in three groups based on their ionic ratios. This classification highlights the spatial and temporal variability that can be encountered in dolomite karst systems, even on small spatial scales, that are relevant for water suppliers. Moreover, temporal observations of hydrochemical parameters show increasing trends of nitrate concentrations in all sampling points, though with different rates. The analysis of the stable isotopes δ15N–NO3 and δ18O–NO3 revealed that nitrification processes in forest floors and mineral soils are the main source of nitrate in most locations investigated. The findings of the present study highlight the necessity of a detailed temporal and spatial distributed monitoring to support water resources management in dolomitic karst aquifers.

Sie haben noch keine Lizenz? Dann Informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Albertin AR, Sickman JO, Pinowska A, Stevenson RJ (2012) Identification of nitrogen sources and transformations within karst springs using isotope tracers of nitrogen. Biogeochemistry 108(1–3):219–232CrossRef Albertin AR, Sickman JO, Pinowska A, Stevenson RJ (2012) Identification of nitrogen sources and transformations within karst springs using isotope tracers of nitrogen. Biogeochemistry 108(1–3):219–232CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Andreo B, Gil-Márquez JM, Mudarra M, Linares L, Carrasco F (2016) Hypothesis on the hydrogeological context of wetland areas and springs related to evaporitic karst aquifers (Málaga, Córdoba and Jaén provinces, Southern Spain). Env Earth Sci 75(9):759CrossRef Andreo B, Gil-Márquez JM, Mudarra M, Linares L, Carrasco F (2016) Hypothesis on the hydrogeological context of wetland areas and springs related to evaporitic karst aquifers (Málaga, Córdoba and Jaén provinces, Southern Spain). Env Earth Sci 75(9):759CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Benson RC, Yuhr LB (2016) Areas affected by karst and pseudokarst. In site characterization in Karst and Pseudokarst Terraines. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 41–43CrossRef Benson RC, Yuhr LB (2016) Areas affected by karst and pseudokarst. In site characterization in Karst and Pseudokarst Terraines. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 41–43CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bittner D, Narany TS, Kohl B, Disse M, Chiogna G (2018) Modeling the hydrological impact of land use change in a dolomite-dominated karst system. J Hydrol 567:267–279CrossRef Bittner D, Narany TS, Kohl B, Disse M, Chiogna G (2018) Modeling the hydrological impact of land use change in a dolomite-dominated karst system. J Hydrol 567:267–279CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Charizopoulos N, Zagana E, Psilovikos A (2018) Assessment of natural and anthropogenic impacts in groundwater, utilizing multivariate statistical analysis and inverse distance weighted interpolation modeling: the case of a Scopia basin (Central Greece). Env Earth Sci 77(10):380CrossRef Charizopoulos N, Zagana E, Psilovikos A (2018) Assessment of natural and anthropogenic impacts in groundwater, utilizing multivariate statistical analysis and inverse distance weighted interpolation modeling: the case of a Scopia basin (Central Greece). Env Earth Sci 77(10):380CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Chovanec A (1994) Water quality monitoring in Austria. IWRB Publication no 40, pp 137–150 Chovanec A (1994) Water quality monitoring in Austria. IWRB Publication no 40, pp 137–150
Zurück zum Zitat Cloutier V, Lefebvre R, Therrien R, Savard MM (2008) Multivariate statistical analysis of geochemical data as indicative of the hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in a sedimentary rock aquifer system. J Hydrol 353(3–4):294–313CrossRef Cloutier V, Lefebvre R, Therrien R, Savard MM (2008) Multivariate statistical analysis of geochemical data as indicative of the hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in a sedimentary rock aquifer system. J Hydrol 353(3–4):294–313CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Di Lorenzo T, Brilli M, Del Tosto D, Galassi DM, Petitta M (2012) Nitrate source and fate at the catchment scale of the Vibrata River and aquifer (central Italy): an analysis by integrating component approaches and nitrogen isotopes. Env Earth Sci 67(8):2383–2398CrossRef Di Lorenzo T, Brilli M, Del Tosto D, Galassi DM, Petitta M (2012) Nitrate source and fate at the catchment scale of the Vibrata River and aquifer (central Italy): an analysis by integrating component approaches and nitrogen isotopes. Env Earth Sci 67(8):2383–2398CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Dossi C, Ciceri E, Giussani B, Pozzi A, Galgaro A, Viero A, Viganò A (2007) Water and snow chemistry of main ions and trace elements in the karst system of Monte Pelmo massif (Dolomites, Eastern Alps, Italy). Mar Freshw Res 58(7):649–656CrossRef Dossi C, Ciceri E, Giussani B, Pozzi A, Galgaro A, Viero A, Viganò A (2007) Water and snow chemistry of main ions and trace elements in the karst system of Monte Pelmo massif (Dolomites, Eastern Alps, Italy). Mar Freshw Res 58(7):649–656CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Einsiedl F, Mayer B (2006) Hydrodynamic and microbial processes controlling nitrate in a fissured-porous karst aquifer of the Franconian Alb, Southern Germany. Env Sci Technol 40(21):6697–6702CrossRef Einsiedl F, Mayer B (2006) Hydrodynamic and microbial processes controlling nitrate in a fissured-porous karst aquifer of the Franconian Alb, Southern Germany. Env Sci Technol 40(21):6697–6702CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Einsiedl F, Maloszewski P, Stichler W (2005) Estimation of denitrification potential in a karst aquifer using the 15N and 18O isotopes of NO3 −. Biogeochemistry 72(1):67–86CrossRef Einsiedl F, Maloszewski P, Stichler W (2005) Estimation of denitrification potential in a karst aquifer using the 15N and 18O isotopes of NO3 . Biogeochemistry 72(1):67–86CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Fiorillo F, Guadagno FM (2010) Karst spring discharges analysis in relation to drought periods, using the SPI. Water Resour Manag 24(9):1867–1884CrossRef Fiorillo F, Guadagno FM (2010) Karst spring discharges analysis in relation to drought periods, using the SPI. Water Resour Manag 24(9):1867–1884CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Goldscheider N (2005) Karst groundwater vulnerability mapping: application of a new method in the Swabian Alb, Germany. Hydrogeol J 13(4):555–564CrossRef Goldscheider N (2005) Karst groundwater vulnerability mapping: application of a new method in the Swabian Alb, Germany. Hydrogeol J 13(4):555–564CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hacker P (2003) Hydrologisch-hydrogeologische Untersuchungen im Bereich des Glashüttenberges zur Frage des engeren Schutzgebietes für die Kerschbaumer-Quelle. ARC Seibersdorf research GmbH Hacker P (2003) Hydrologisch-hydrogeologische Untersuchungen im Bereich des Glashüttenberges zur Frage des engeren Schutzgebietes für die Kerschbaumer-Quelle. ARC Seibersdorf research GmbH
Zurück zum Zitat Hamed KH, Rao AR (1998) A modified Mann-Kendall trend test for autocorrelated data. J Hydrol 204(1–4):182–196CrossRef Hamed KH, Rao AR (1998) A modified Mann-Kendall trend test for autocorrelated data. J Hydrol 204(1–4):182–196CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hartmann A, Mudarra M, Andreo B, Marín A, Wagener T, Lange J (2014) Modeling spatiotemporal impacts of hydroclimatic extremes on groundwater recharge at a Mediterranean karst aquifer. Water Resour Res 50(8):6507–6521CrossRef Hartmann A, Mudarra M, Andreo B, Marín A, Wagener T, Lange J (2014) Modeling spatiotemporal impacts of hydroclimatic extremes on groundwater recharge at a Mediterranean karst aquifer. Water Resour Res 50(8):6507–6521CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hilberg S (2016) Natural tracers in fractured hard-rock aquifers in the Austrian part of the Eastern Alps—previous approaches and future perspectives for hydrogeology in mountain regions Revue. Hydrogeol J 24(5):1091–1105CrossRef Hilberg S (2016) Natural tracers in fractured hard-rock aquifers in the Austrian part of the Eastern Alps—previous approaches and future perspectives for hydrogeology in mountain regions Revue. Hydrogeol J 24(5):1091–1105CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hilberg S, Schneider JF (2011) The aquifer characteristics of the dolomite formation a new approach for providing drinking water in the northern calcareous Alps region in Germany and Austria. Water Resour Manag 25(11):2705–2729CrossRef Hilberg S, Schneider JF (2011) The aquifer characteristics of the dolomite formation a new approach for providing drinking water in the northern calcareous Alps region in Germany and Austria. Water Resour Manag 25(11):2705–2729CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hillebrand O, Nödler K, Sauter M, Licha T (2015) Multitracer experiment to evaluate the attenuation of selected organic micropollutants in a karst aquifer. Sci Total Env 506:338–343CrossRef Hillebrand O, Nödler K, Sauter M, Licha T (2015) Multitracer experiment to evaluate the attenuation of selected organic micropollutants in a karst aquifer. Sci Total Env 506:338–343CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jebreen H, Wohnlich S, Banning A, Wisotzky F, Niedermayr A, Ghanem M (2018) Recharge, geochemical processes and water quality in karst aquifers: Central West Bank, Palestine. Env Earth Sci 77(6):261CrossRef Jebreen H, Wohnlich S, Banning A, Wisotzky F, Niedermayr A, Ghanem M (2018) Recharge, geochemical processes and water quality in karst aquifers: Central West Bank, Palestine. Env Earth Sci 77(6):261CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kanduč T, Mori N, Kocman D, Stibilj V, Grassa F (2012) Hydrogeochemistry of Alpine springs from North Slovenia: insights from stable isotopes. Chem Geol 300:40–54CrossRef Kanduč T, Mori N, Kocman D, Stibilj V, Grassa F (2012) Hydrogeochemistry of Alpine springs from North Slovenia: insights from stable isotopes. Chem Geol 300:40–54CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kendall MG (1975) Rank correlation methods, 4th edn. Charles Griffin, London Kendall MG (1975) Rank correlation methods, 4th edn. Charles Griffin, London
Zurück zum Zitat Koeck R (2017) PROLINE-CE, workpackage t2, activity t2.1. In: Pilot action 1.2: Waidhofen/YBBS. Lead Institutions Municipality of Waidhofen/Ybbs. D.T2.1.4 descriptive documentation of pilot actions and related issues Koeck R (2017) PROLINE-CE, workpackage t2, activity t2.1. In: Pilot action 1.2: Waidhofen/YBBS. Lead Institutions Municipality of Waidhofen/Ybbs. D.T2.1.4 descriptive documentation of pilot actions and related issues
Zurück zum Zitat Krawczyk WE, Ford DC (2006) Correlating specific conductivity with total hardness in limestone and dolomite karst waters. Earth Surf Process Landf 31(2):221–234CrossRef Krawczyk WE, Ford DC (2006) Correlating specific conductivity with total hardness in limestone and dolomite karst waters. Earth Surf Process Landf 31(2):221–234CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kruskal WH, Wallis WA (1952) Use of ranks in one-criterion variance analysis. J Am Stat Assoc 47(260):583–621CrossRef Kruskal WH, Wallis WA (1952) Use of ranks in one-criterion variance analysis. J Am Stat Assoc 47(260):583–621CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mahler BJ, Valdes D, Musgrove M, Massei N (2008) Nutrient dynamics as indicators of karst processes: comparison of the Chalk aquifer (Normandy, France) and the Edwards aquifer (Texas, USA). J Contam Hydrol 98(1–2):36–49CrossRef Mahler BJ, Valdes D, Musgrove M, Massei N (2008) Nutrient dynamics as indicators of karst processes: comparison of the Chalk aquifer (Normandy, France) and the Edwards aquifer (Texas, USA). J Contam Hydrol 98(1–2):36–49CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mann HB (1945) Nonparametric tests against trend. Econometr J Econometr Soc 1945:245–259CrossRef Mann HB (1945) Nonparametric tests against trend. Econometr J Econometr Soc 1945:245–259CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Markart G, Perzl F, Klebinder K, Kohl B, Adams M, Sotier B, Stary U, Strasser M, Suntinger K (2012). Evaluation and quantification of possible impacts of climate change on hydrological characteristics of forests in the Waidhofen ad Ybbs region. In: Final Report: CC-WaterS-Climate Change and Impacts on Water Supply. Bundesforschungszentrum für Wald, Vienna, Austria Markart G, Perzl F, Klebinder K, Kohl B, Adams M, Sotier B, Stary U, Strasser M, Suntinger K (2012). Evaluation and quantification of possible impacts of climate change on hydrological characteristics of forests in the Waidhofen ad Ybbs region. In: Final Report: CC-WaterS-Climate Change and Impacts on Water Supply. Bundesforschungszentrum für Wald, Vienna, Austria
Zurück zum Zitat Matiatos I (2016) Nitrate source identification in groundwater of multiple land-use areas by combining isotopes and multivariate statistical analysis: a case study of Asopos basin (Central Greece). Sci Total Env 541:802–814CrossRef Matiatos I (2016) Nitrate source identification in groundwater of multiple land-use areas by combining isotopes and multivariate statistical analysis: a case study of Asopos basin (Central Greece). Sci Total Env 541:802–814CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mayo AL, Loucks MD (1995) Solute and isotopic geochemistry and ground water flow in the central Wasatch Range, Utah. J Hydrol 172(1–4):31–59CrossRef Mayo AL, Loucks MD (1995) Solute and isotopic geochemistry and ground water flow in the central Wasatch Range, Utah. J Hydrol 172(1–4):31–59CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Miorandi R, Borsato A, Frisia S, Fairchild IJ, Richter DK (2010) Epikarst hydrology and implications for stalagmite capture of climate changes at Grotta di Ernesto (NE Italy): results from long-term monitoring. Hydrol Proces 24(21):3101–3114CrossRef Miorandi R, Borsato A, Frisia S, Fairchild IJ, Richter DK (2010) Epikarst hydrology and implications for stalagmite capture of climate changes at Grotta di Ernesto (NE Italy): results from long-term monitoring. Hydrol Proces 24(21):3101–3114CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mudarra M, Andreo B (2011) Relative importance of the saturated and the unsaturated zones in the hydrogeological functioning of karst aquifers: the case of Alta Cadena (Southern Spain). J Hydrol 397(3–4):263–280CrossRef Mudarra M, Andreo B (2011) Relative importance of the saturated and the unsaturated zones in the hydrogeological functioning of karst aquifers: the case of Alta Cadena (Southern Spain). J Hydrol 397(3–4):263–280CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mudarra M, Andreo B, Mudry J (2012) Monitoring groundwater in the discharge area of a complex karst aquifer to assess the role of the saturated and unsaturated zones. Env Earth Sci 65(8):2321–2336CrossRef Mudarra M, Andreo B, Mudry J (2012) Monitoring groundwater in the discharge area of a complex karst aquifer to assess the role of the saturated and unsaturated zones. Env Earth Sci 65(8):2321–2336CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Musgrove M, Opsahl SP, Mahler BJ, Herrington C, Sample TL, Banta JR (2016) Source, variability, and transformation of nitrate in a regional karst aquifer: Edwards aquifer, central Texas. Sci Total Env 568:457–469CrossRef Musgrove M, Opsahl SP, Mahler BJ, Herrington C, Sample TL, Banta JR (2016) Source, variability, and transformation of nitrate in a regional karst aquifer: Edwards aquifer, central Texas. Sci Total Env 568:457–469CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Narany TS, Aris AZ, Sefie A, Keesstra S (2017) Detecting and predicting the impact of land use changes on groundwater quality, a case study in Northern Kelantan, Malaysia. Sci Total Env 599:844–853CrossRef Narany TS, Aris AZ, Sefie A, Keesstra S (2017) Detecting and predicting the impact of land use changes on groundwater quality, a case study in Northern Kelantan, Malaysia. Sci Total Env 599:844–853CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Nosrati K, Van Den Eeckhaut M (2012) Assessment of groundwater quality using multivariate statistical techniques in Hashtgerd Plain, Iran. Env Earth Sci 65(1):331–344CrossRef Nosrati K, Van Den Eeckhaut M (2012) Assessment of groundwater quality using multivariate statistical techniques in Hashtgerd Plain, Iran. Env Earth Sci 65(1):331–344CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Perrin J, Jeannin PY, Zwahlen F (2003) Implications of the spatial variability of infiltration-water chemistry for the investigation of a karst aquifer: a field study at Milandre test site, Swiss Jura. Hydrogeol J 11(6):673–686CrossRef Perrin J, Jeannin PY, Zwahlen F (2003) Implications of the spatial variability of infiltration-water chemistry for the investigation of a karst aquifer: a field study at Milandre test site, Swiss Jura. Hydrogeol J 11(6):673–686CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pettitt AN (1979) A non-parametric approach to the change-point problem. Appl Statist 28:126–135CrossRef Pettitt AN (1979) A non-parametric approach to the change-point problem. Appl Statist 28:126–135CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pfleiderer S, Klein P, Reitner H, Heinrich M (2006) The hydrogeology of the Northern Calcareous Alps between the Rivers Enns and Ybbs. Austrian J Earth Sci 99:4–10 Pfleiderer S, Klein P, Reitner H, Heinrich M (2006) The hydrogeology of the Northern Calcareous Alps between the Rivers Enns and Ybbs. Austrian J Earth Sci 99:4–10
Zurück zum Zitat Piper AM (1944) A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water-analyses. EOS Trans AGU 25(6):914–928CrossRef Piper AM (1944) A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water-analyses. EOS Trans AGU 25(6):914–928CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Promper C, Puissant A, Malet JP, Glade T (2014) Analysis of land cover changes in the past and the future as contribution to landslide risk scenarios. Appl Geogr 53:11–19CrossRef Promper C, Puissant A, Malet JP, Glade T (2014) Analysis of land cover changes in the past and the future as contribution to landslide risk scenarios. Appl Geogr 53:11–19CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schmidt S, Geyer T, Marei A, Guttman J, Sauter M (2013) Quantification of long-term wastewater impacts on karst groundwater resources in a semi-arid environment by chloride mass balance methods. J Hydrol 502:177–190CrossRef Schmidt S, Geyer T, Marei A, Guttman J, Sauter M (2013) Quantification of long-term wastewater impacts on karst groundwater resources in a semi-arid environment by chloride mass balance methods. J Hydrol 502:177–190CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Spoelstra J, Schiff SL, Hazlett PW, Jeffries DS, Semkin RG (2007) The isotopic composition of nitrate produced from nitrification in a hardwood forest floor. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 71(15):3757–3771CrossRef Spoelstra J, Schiff SL, Hazlett PW, Jeffries DS, Semkin RG (2007) The isotopic composition of nitrate produced from nitrification in a hardwood forest floor. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 71(15):3757–3771CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Szramek K, McIntosh JC, Williams EL, Kanduc T, Ogrinc N, Walter LM (2007) Relative weathering intensity of calcite versus dolomite in carbonate‐bearing temperate zone watersheds: carbonate geochemistry and fluxes from catchments within the St. Lawrence and Danube river basins. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 8:4 Szramek K, McIntosh JC, Williams EL, Kanduc T, Ogrinc N, Walter LM (2007) Relative weathering intensity of calcite versus dolomite in carbonate‐bearing temperate zone watersheds: carbonate geochemistry and fluxes from catchments within the St. Lawrence and Danube river basins. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 8:4
Zurück zum Zitat Wang SJ, Li RL, Sun CX, Zhang DF, Li FQ, Zhou DQ, Xiong KN, Zhou ZF (2004) How types of carbonate rock assemblages constrain the distribution of karst rocky desertified land in Guizhou Province, PR China: phenomena and mechanisms. Land Degrad Dev 15(2):123–131CrossRef Wang SJ, Li RL, Sun CX, Zhang DF, Li FQ, Zhou DQ, Xiong KN, Zhou ZF (2004) How types of carbonate rock assemblages constrain the distribution of karst rocky desertified land in Guizhou Province, PR China: phenomena and mechanisms. Land Degrad Dev 15(2):123–131CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ward JH Jr (1963) Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J Am Stat Assoc 58(301):236–244CrossRef Ward JH Jr (1963) Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. J Am Stat Assoc 58(301):236–244CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wassenaar LI (1995) Evaluation of the origin and fate of nitrate in the Abbotsford aquifer using the isotopes of 15N and 18O in NO3 −. Appl Geochem 10(4):391–405CrossRef Wassenaar LI (1995) Evaluation of the origin and fate of nitrate in the Abbotsford aquifer using the isotopes of 15N and 18O in NO3 . Appl Geochem 10(4):391–405CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Yue S, Wang C (2004) The Mann–Kendall test modified by effective sample size to detect trend in serially correlated hydrological series. Water Resour Manag 18(3):201–218CrossRef Yue S, Wang C (2004) The Mann–Kendall test modified by effective sample size to detect trend in serially correlated hydrological series. Water Resour Manag 18(3):201–218CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Spatial and temporal variability in hydrochemistry of a small-scale dolomite karst environment
verfasst von
Tahoora Sheikhy Narany
Daniel Bittner
Markus Disse
Gabriele Chiogna
Publikationsdatum
01.05.2019
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Environmental Earth Sciences / Ausgabe 9/2019
Print ISSN: 1866-6280
Elektronische ISSN: 1866-6299
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-019-8276-2

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 9/2019

Environmental Earth Sciences 9/2019 Zur Ausgabe