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Über dieses Buch

The aim of this book is to focus on the role of sports technology and the way that the innovation process is managed. This will help understand how technology is developed and integrated into the sports context. This is important particularly due to rapid technological advancements developed in sport being applied to other industries. The book will focus on the different types of sports technology from increment to radical innovations, including looking at product, process, and service innovations. It will be one of the first books to specifically focus on sports technology and innovation. It will be useful to innovation management researchers, enthusiasts and sports practitioners interested in how to compete based on technological advancements.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction: Sport Technology and Innovation

Abstract
The primary objective of this chapter is to describe the processes of innovation involving sport technology to facilitate an understanding about the components of this book. In order to initiate a technology innovation there needs to be some degree of creativity about its usages in sport. This can occur in a variety of different forms from incremental to radical shifts in the way sport integrates technology innovation. Despite the practical usage of technology innovation in sport, the academic literature is still at a nascent stage. This introductory chapter to the book will describe the changes in the way technology is viewed in sport as a way of starting the discussion for the resulting chapters in the book.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 2. Sport Technology Effectiveness

Abstract
This chapter applies previous work in the area of technology innovation, with a particular focus on sport in order to establish a basis for understanding sport technology effectiveness. The goal is to derive a comprehensive understanding of the various stages and types of sport technology innovation, which will allow for a better categorization about its definition. This chapter posits that while the sport technology role of the innovation process depends on external knowledge, organizations must create well-developed management processes. Thus, sport technology innovation needs to reposition the research on sport to a technology context in which emerging technologies play a significant role. It is important to emphasize that this chapter seeks to achieve a better understanding about the role technological innovation plays in sport and attempts to establish a sport technology theory of innovation management. As sport technology innovation is significantly different from existing innovation concepts there needs to be a new theory developed especially for the sport context. This chapter is an attempt to spark debate on the area of sport technology innovation and encourage other scholars with an interest in sport technology innovation to join the debate and spur further research.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 3. Usage of Sport Technology

Abstract
The aim in this chapter is to investigate the extent to which technological innovation improves the performance of sport organizations. The current research on sport is limited due to the absence of a substantial body of literature about technological innovation. In this chapter, I adopt a technology-aware perspective that challenges the existing assumptions of sport management. This makes a shift away from general sport management theory to one in which technological innovation is emphasized. This enables the creativity and newness of changes in sport regarding technology to be moved to the front of the discussion. This allows integration about how technology is used in sport and the mechanisms that facilitate its development thereby being consistent with an innovation standpoint in the technology literature. Thus, this chapter can illuminate and reveal more information about technology innovation in sport. Through the experiences of sport organizations and athletes, more information about the role of technology in sports competition can emerge.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 4. Technology Commercialization

Abstract
This chapter focuses chiefly on the recent advances in sport technology innovation by looking at commercialization outcomes. There is a prodigious body of literature about technology innovation in general but less devoted to sport. This chapter attempts to draw out transferrable lessons for sport technology management by focusing on how entrepreneurship facilitates the innovation process. To do so the chapter discusses how technology innovation is forging a new path for sport organizations through interactive and new media applications. In this chapter, I will focus on technology-driven determinants for sport innovation by examining the role of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Technology is important for enhancing the performance of sport organizations but a better understanding is needed about the commercialization process.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 5. Social Entrepreneurship in Sport

Abstract
There is an omission in the current literature on social entrepreneurship in sport compared to other areas of entrepreneurship research. The rationale for this chapter about social entrepreneurship in sport is twofold: first, it is suggested that there is a need to analyze more the role of social entrepreneurship in sport and how it is shaping the future of the industry; second, it is argued that there is a need to study more the impact of social entrepreneurship in sport. The absence of literature on social entrepreneurship in sport is unusual as there has been an increased practical use of it in the industry. The existing literature can be enhanced by a more explicit and theoretically informed understanding of social entrepreneurship in sport and its significance in the sport industry. In most aspects of the sport industry, entrepreneurship is an outcome and influences power relations but there is also an emphasis on social issues. A distinctive feature of social entrepreneurship in sport is the extent to which innovation is both a resource and a source of identity.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 6. Communities of Practice

Abstract
The focus of this chapter will cover ground associated with technology innovation in sport through a communities-of-practice perspective. My perusal of technology innovation texts failed to find any systematic examination of sport, thus it is useful to build on existing research in other fields. Thus, it is important to study sport technology innovation from a community perspective rather than just focusing on technology innovation in a sports environment. The core message of this chapter is that a new theory of sport technology innovation is needed that builds on the teamwork and communities inherent in sport. To really learn about the evolving nature of sport we need to study technology innovation by looking at knowledge management and strategy. Sport organizations differ in their attitudes toward technology innovation and exhibit higher levels of innovative behavior when engaged in a community of practice.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 7. Ideation

Abstract
This chapter will review the growth in the technology innovation literature with specific reference to sport and the process of ideation. This enables more emphasis on the arguments for researching into sport-specific technology innovation by taking a creative approach. In doing so, the chapter will demonstrate the importance and legitimacy of sport technology innovation and contribute to debates concerning the way technology is infiltrating the practice of sport. As there has been an increased interest about technology in sport and how it contributes to a better society, it is important to understand the way ideas are introduced into the marketplace. With the rapid advancement in technology there is also an awareness in the inequalities it produces. This stems from the amount of money sport organizations have to invest in technology innovation in order to be competitive.
Vanessa Ratten

Chapter 8. Conclusion: Future Trends and Directions in Sport Technology and Innovation

Abstract
This chapter presents a number of ideas that reflect an attempt to translate sport technology practice into theory and research suggestions. By linking what is happening in sport practice to research it can bring more meaningful research suggestions and present a new perspective on sport technology innovation. In addition, the chapter provides a framework useful for analyzing a sport organization’s influence on technology innovation and for guiding future research. As there has been little cross-knowledge fertilization between sport management and technology innovation research, I believe it is time to close this gap by providing a more linked research path. Thus, this chapter aims to enhance our understanding of the way sport firms may or may not contribute to technology innovation. By doing so, I attempt to dig into the effect of technology innovation and context on sport firm performance.
Vanessa Ratten

Backmatter

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