This chapter builds upon the enabling factors identified in Chapter 2 to analyse in specific detail the mechanisms of the Gulf States’ projection of power and influence at a regional and global level. Officials in GCC states responded pragmatically to the evolving changes in the international system by adapting and implementing a Gulf-specific model of state capitalism and concentrating on developing expertise in clearly defined strategic niches. Underpinning the pursuit of state capitalism and strategic niches was a reliance on small circles of concentrated policymaking clustered around ruling elites. This was at its strongest in the smaller Gulf States of Qatar and the UAE, particularly Dubai and Abu Dhabi, where the younger generation of rulers who came to power in the 1990s and 2000s governed far more in the style of executive leaders than political rulers, and was harder in the larger states of Saudi Arabia and Oman and in the particular circumstances of Bahrain, where authority has been dispersed among several competing factions within the ruling family, to replicate the propitious conditions for successful state capitalism.
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- State Capitalism and Strategic Niches
Kristian Coates Ulrichsen
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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