A sustainable world requires dramatic changes in the way of exploiting or transforming natural resources, as well as that of producing commodities and of using them. These changes entail a joint commitment of policy makers, manufacturers, consumers, in all fields, to reach gradually the aim of sustainability. The first step is the identification of appropriate technological trajectories, applying new production criteria, in consonance with the overall need of the society. This work takes into consideration several pathways in the most important sectors (energy sources, materials, chemical industry, manufacturing, agro-food and agro-industrial resources, recycling, desalination), which have to be considered as strategic and appropriate for sustainability. After having reported and discussed the main technical and economic features of these trajectories, especially their eco-compatibility — two aspects, namely, the mutual interactions among all the the trajectories, and the difficulties that will be met to introduce and spread them at a large scale, in all countries and in all conditions, have been emphasized in order to evaluate their actual feasibility.
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- Strategic Technological Pathways for Sustainable Development
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg