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Cybercrime is a global phenomenon, which countering requires global legal strategies. Only by harmonizing national laws and by formalizing countries’ mutual cooperation can legal enforcement agencies properly respond to sophisticated, agile methods used by cybercriminals (de Almendia 2011). The rapidly increasing number and volume of cybercrime incidents and losses indicate urgent need of convergence by the international community towards a common set of substantive and procedural legal rules.
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Due to its Article 36, which contains the conditions for entry into force. It specifies that the Convention should first be ratified by five States, including three Member States of the Council of Europe. The Convention would then enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a 3 month period after the fifth ratification. This condition was fulfilled with Lithuania’s ratification on 18 March 2004, triggering the entry into force on 1 July 2004.
Fernando Pinguelo and Bradford Muller, op. cit. p. 188.
G. de Almeida, Legal rules and information security technical standards: possible approach for filling in the blanks of cybercrime legislation (2011), http://www.ssrn.com. Accessed 12 Aug 2011
I. Brown, L. Edwards, C. Marsden, in Information Security and Cybercrime, ed. by L. Edwards, C. Waelde. Law and the Internet (Hart, Oxford, 2009)
M. Goodman, S. Brenner, The emerging consensus on criminal conduct in cyberspace. Int. J. Law Inf. Technol. 10(2), 139–223 (2002)
D. Griffith, The computer fraud and abuse act of 1986: a measured response to a growing problem. Vand. Law Rev. 43, 453 (1990)
R. Hogge et al., Computer invasion of privacy under the Virginia Computers Criminal Act (2001), http://www.virginialaborlaw.com. Accessed 01 July 2011
B.-J. Koops, The internet and its opportunities for cybercrime (2011), http://www.ssrn.com. Accessed 03 July 2011
D. Parker, Fighting Computer Crime: For Protecting Information (Wiley, New York, 1998)
F. Pinguelo, B. Muller, Virtual crimes, real damages: a primer on cybercrimes in the united states and efforts to combat cybercriminals. Va. J. Law Technol. 16(1), 116 (2011)
D. Robel, International cybercrime treaty: looking beyond ratification (2006), http://www.sans.iorg. Accessed 07 July 2011
D. Shinder, Scene of the Cybercrime (Syngress, Waltham, 2002)
U. Sieber et al., The Legal Aspects of Computer Crime and Security: A Comparative Analysis with Suggestions for Future International Action (Elsevier, New York, 1998)
C. Stamer, Cybercrime and identity theft: health information security beyond HIPAA. ABA Health eSource (2005), http://www.americanbar.org. Accessed 25 July 2011
- Strategies and Statutes for Prevention of Cybercrime
Mohammad Ayoub Khan
- Chapter 8
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