Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Using data from the 2011–2015 Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement, this study improves upon standard United States labor force measures to create three new measures which better capture the range of activities and attitudes that signal, at the individual level, an interest in work. When comparing the traditional employment-to-population ratio and the labor force participation rate with these new ‘striving to work’ measures, we find stark racial differences across measures. Hispanics have slightly higher odds of being employed or in the labor force than non-Hispanic whites, yet have similar odds of striving to work. Other vulnerable populations, including non-Hispanic blacks, non-Hispanic persons of other non-white races, females, and persons with disabilities, have significantly lower odds of participation in any of the five measures, compared to their comparison groups and controlling for other covariates. Policy implications are discussed.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aaronson, S., Cajner, T., Fallick, B., Galbis-Reig, F., Smith, C. L., & Wascher, W. (2014). Labor force participation: Recent developments and future prospects. FRB of Cleveland working paper no. 14-10. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2495029.
Addy, S. N. (2012). Toward a more comprehensive measure of labor underutilization: The Alabama case. Business Economics, 47(3), 2014–2227. CrossRef
Balakrishnan, R., Dao, M., Sole, J., & Zook, J. (2015). Lost workers. Finance and Development, 52, 36–39.
Baum, S., & Mitchell, W. F. (2010). Labour underutilization and gender: Unemployment versus hidden unemployment. Population Research and Policy Review, 29, 233–248. CrossRef
Brundage, V. (2014). Trends in unemployment and other labor market difficulties. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/pdf/trends-in-unemployment-and-other-labor-market-difficulties.pdf.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). (2017). How the government measures unemployment. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.
Dagsvik, J. K., Zhiyang, J., Kornstad, T., & Thoresen, T. O. (2014). Theoretical and practical arguments for modeling labor supply as a choice among latent jobs. Journal of Economic Surveys, 28(1), 134–151. CrossRef
Djamba, Y. K., & Kimuna, S. R. (2011). The labor force participation and earnings gap among African immigrant women in the U.S.A. International Migration and Integration. doi: 10.1007/s12124-011-0218-0.
Freeman, D. (2012). On (not) closing the gaps: The evolution of national and regional unemployment rates by race and ethnicity. Review of Black Political Economy, 39, 267–284. CrossRef
Fryer, R. G., Pager, D., & Spenkuch, J. L. (2011). Racial disparities in job finding and offered wages. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w17462.pdf.
Haugen, S. E. (2009). Measures of labor underutilization from the current population survey. BLS working papers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor.
International Labour Organization (ILO). (2015a). Key indicators of the labour market (KILM) 2015: User guide. Geneva: ILO. http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/research-and-databases/kilm/WCMS_422091/lang–en/index.htm.
International Labour Organization (ILO). (2015b). Disability inclusion and strategy and action plan. Geneva: ILO. http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_emp/—ifp_skills/documents/genericdocument/wcms_370772.pdf.
International Labour Organization (ILO). (2017). World employment social outlook. Geneva: ILO. http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—dcomm/—publ/documents/publication/wcms_541211.pdf.
Kessler Foundation. (2015). Kessler foundation national employment and disability survey. West Orange, NJ: Kessler Foundation. https://kesslerfoundation.org/sites/default/files/filepicker/5/KFSurvey15_Results-secured.pdf.
Little, A. (2006). The spatial pattern of economic activity and inactivity in Britain: People or place effects. Lancaster: Lancaster University.
Macartney, S., Bishaw, A., & Fontenot, K. (2013). Poverty rates for selected detailed race and Hispanic groups by state and place: 2007–2011. Washington, DC: US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acsbr11-17.pdf.
Sylla, N. S. (2013). Measuring labour absorption problems in developing countries: Limitations of the concept of unemployment. International Labour Review, 152(1), 27–41. CrossRef
U.S. Department of Labor. (2016a). A profile of the working poor, 2014. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Labor. http://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/working-poor/2014/home.htm.
U.S. Department of Labor. (2016b). Economic news release. Table A-8. Employed persons by class of work and part-time status. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.t08.htm.
U.S. Department of Labor. (2016c). Labor force statistics from the Current Population Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_htgm.htm.
U.S. Department of Labor. (2016d). Local area unemployment statistics: Alternative measures of labor underutilization for states, third quarter of 2015 through second quarter of 2016 averages. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/lau/stalt.htm.
- Striving to Work
Debra L. Brucker
Nicholas G. Rollins
Andrew J. Houtenville
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta