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01.04.2014 | Ausgabe 2/2014

Social Indicators Research 2/2014

Structural and Cognitive Aspects of Social Capital and All-Cause Mortality: A Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies

Zeitschrift:
Social Indicators Research > Ausgabe 2/2014
Autoren:
Fredrica Nyqvist, Bernd Pape, Tony Pellfolk, Anna K. Forsman, Kristian Wahlbeck
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s11205-013-0288-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Social capital covers different characteristics such as social networks, social participation, social support and trust. The aim of this study was to explore which aspects of social capital were predictive of mortality. Criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis were: population based observational cohort studies (follow-up ≥5 years); study sample included the adult population; parts of social capital as the primary exposure variable of interest; reported a mortality outcome; and sample size >1,000 individuals. Twenty studies provided eligible data for the meta-analyses. A random effect model was used to estimate the combined overall hazard rate ratio effects of structural social capital such as social participation and social networks, and cognitive social capital including social support and trust in relation to mortality. The results showed that social participation and social networks were negatively associated with mortality. The impact of social networks attenuated somewhat when controlling for gender and age. While trust also appeared to be negatively associated with mortality, we remain cautious with this conclusion, since only two studies provided eligible data. Perceived social support failed to show a significant impact upon mortality. The findings suggest that people who engage socially and report frequent contacts with friends and family live longer.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 20 kb)
11205_2013_288_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 38 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 44 kb)
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Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 36 kb)
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Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 60 kb)
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Supplementary material 6 (DOCX 31 kb)
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Supplementary material 7 (DOCX 34 kb)
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Supplementary material 8 (DOCX 61 kb)
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Supplementary material 9 (DOCX 17 kb)
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Supplementary material 10 (DOCX 17 kb)
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Supplementary material 11 (DOCX 16 kb)
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Supplementary material 12 (DOCX 13 kb)
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