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01.10.2019 | Ausgabe 21/2019 Open Access

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 21/2019

Structural characteristics and electrochemical properties of sulfonated polyimide clay-based composite fabricated by a solution casting method

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics > Ausgabe 21/2019
Autoren:
Nisar Ali, Farman Ali, Shaukat Saeed, Syed Sakhawat Shah, Muhammad Bilal
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Abstract

Herein, the electrochemical and structural properties of sulfonated polyimide (SPI) clay-based composite films have been investigated. SPI reinforced with grafted sonicated clay (GSC) was fabricated via a solution casting method in the form of thin films. The as-synthesized thin films were light brown, tough, flexible and transparent. The thickness of the films were 0.109 mm and 0.056 for pristine SPI and GSC-SPI, respectively. The fabricated composite was fully investigated via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), carbon (13C) NMR and impedance spectroscopy. The completion of the proton exchange reaction was confirmed by 1H NMR. The electrical properties of the SPI-clay based composite film were investigated by impedance spectroscopy. The conductivity was measured in a wide frequency range from room temperature to 363 K by applying an ac signal of 0.5 V. The appearance of two semicircular arcs at low and high frequency shows two conduction mechanisms with different relaxation times at the exterior and interior of the system. Bode plot also confirms the presence of two electro-active regions. The shift in the position of tanδ peaks to lower frequency region with increasing temperature shows that these relaxations are thermally deactivated. The ac conductivity of the system increased from 6.02E−10 for neat SPI to 6.61E−6 Ω−1 cm−1 for SPI-GSC composite. In conclusion, these layered silicates based conductive films have the potential to act as a polyelectrolyte membrane for fuel cell energy devices.

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