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20.03.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 7/2017

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 7/2017

Study on Initiation Mechanisms of Hydraulic Fracture Guided by Vertical Multi-radial Boreholes

Zeitschrift:
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering > Ausgabe 7/2017
Autoren:
Tiankui Guo, Binyan Liu, Zhanqing Qu, Diguang Gong, Lei Xin

Abstract

The conventional hydraulic fracturing fails in the target oil development zone (remaining oil or gas, closed reservoir, etc.) which is not located in the azimuth of maximum horizontal in situ stress of available wellbores. The technology of directional propagation of hydraulic fracture guided by vertical multi-radial boreholes is innovatively developed. The effects of in situ stress, wellbore internal pressure and fracturing fluid percolation effect on geostress field distribution are taken into account, a mechanical model of two radial boreholes (basic research unit) is established, and the distribution and change rule of the maximum principal stress on the various parameters have been studied. The results show that as the radial borehole azimuth increases, the preferential rock tensile fracturing in the axial plane of radial boreholes becomes increasingly difficult. When the radial borehole azimuth increases to a certain extent, the maximum principal stress no longer appears in the azimuth of the radial boreholes, but will go to other orientations outside the axial plane of radial boreholes and the maximum horizontal stress orientation. Therefore, by reducing the ratio between the distance of the radial boreholes and increasing the diameter of the radial boreholes can enhance the guiding strength. In the axial plane of the radical boreholes, particularly in the radial hole wall, position closer to the radial boreholes is more prone to rock tensile destruction. Even in the case of large radial borehole azimuth, rock still preferentially ruptures in this position. The more the position is perpendicularly far from the axis of the wellbore, the lesser it will be affected by wellbore, and the lesser the tensile stress of each point. Meanwhile, at a certain depth, due to the decrease in the impact of the wellbore and the impact of the two radial boreholes increases accordingly, at the further position from the wellbore axis, the tensile fracture is the most prone to occur and it will be closer to the axial plane of the two radial boreholes. The study provides theoretical support for the technology of directional propagation of hydraulic fracture promoted by radial borehole, which is helpful for planning well-completion parameters in technology of hydraulic fracturing promoted by radial borehole.

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