Coronary artery disease has been described as one of the curses of the western world, as it is one of the most important causes of mortality. Therefore, clinicians seek to improve diagnostic procedures, especially those that allow them to reach reliable early diagnoses. In the clinical setting, coronary artery disease diagnostics is typically performed in a stepwise manner. The four diagnostic levels consist of evaluation of (1) signs and symptoms of the disease and ECG (electrocardiogram) at rest, (2) sequential ECG testing during the controlled exercise, (3) myocardial perfusion scintigraphy, and finally (4) coronary angiography, that is considered as the “gold standard” reference method. Our study focuses on improving diagnostic performance of the third diagnostic level. Myocardial scintigraphy is non invasive; it results in a series of medical images that are relatively inexpensively obtained. In clinical practice, these images are manually described (parameterized) by expert physicians. In the paper we present an innovative alternative to manual image evaluation – an automatic image parameterization in multiple resolutions, based on texture description with specialized association rules. Extracted image parameters are combined into more informative composite parameters by means of principle component analysis, and finally used to build automatic classifiers with machine learning methods. Our experiments with synthetic datasets show that association-rule-based multi-resolution image parameterization equals or surpasses other state-of-the-art methods for finding multiple informative resolutions. Experimental results in coronary artery disease diagnostics confirm these results as our approach significantly improves the clinical results in terms of quality of image parameters as well as diagnostic performance.
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- Supporting Diagnostics of Coronary Artery Disease with Multi-resolution Image Parameterization and Data Mining
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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