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Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences 9/2024

01.05.2024 | Original Article

Surface water catchment deformation—toward a conceptual model: the case study of Zarqa river catchment, Jordan

verfasst von: Taleb Odeh, Alsharifa Hind Mohammad, Rod Fensham, John Webb

Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences | Ausgabe 9/2024

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Abstract

The catchment geomorphology of the Zarqa River in Jordan was investigated using a three-dimensional model and interpretation of geology. There are three major elements that control the Zarqa River catchment and its drainage networks: lithological units, faults and paleovolcanism. The upper catchment is typical of a youthful stage of river development with relatively recent lava fields that have infilled and reduced the original size of the catchment. The lower part of the catchment includes a convex profile probably resulting from the coalescence of knickpoints generated by uplift along the Dead Sea fault. The lower and middle sections of the catchment contain remnants of an older, wider valley, 200–500 m above the present river level, that probably formed during a hiatus in tectonic and volcanic activity from ~ 22 to ~ 13 Ma.

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Metadaten
Titel
Surface water catchment deformation—toward a conceptual model: the case study of Zarqa river catchment, Jordan
verfasst von
Taleb Odeh
Alsharifa Hind Mohammad
Rod Fensham
John Webb
Publikationsdatum
01.05.2024
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Environmental Earth Sciences / Ausgabe 9/2024
Print ISSN: 1866-6280
Elektronische ISSN: 1866-6299
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-024-11577-3

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