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Über dieses Buch

The book provides a study of sustainable development in rural China. Because of its huge population and vast land area, this is an important issue not only for China but for the whole world. The research presented is both multi aspect and systematical. It can be likened to a tree where the trunk is the three main aspects: economy, environment and rural society, and the five main branches are agricultural development, industrial pollution, energy security, labor migration and social welfare, and these are the book’s five main topics. The research methods of field survey and Sino-Japanese comparison will be of particular interest to readers. The field survey enables readers to become familiar with the environment of rural China. Survey reports and data provide readers with a more profound and vivid understanding of rural China and comparative methods benefit readers from different countries and a variety of cultural backgrounds. For Japanese readers or readers who understand Japanese well, they make China more easily understandable, while Chinese readers gain insights into the country’s future and the direction of current developments based on a Japanese frame of reference. For readers outside China and Japan, this book serves as an introduction to Chinese society and also to Japan. Finally, the author provides various paradigmatic scenarios, including default and sustainable. After reading this book, readers will be aware that the earlier and the more we pay attention to these issues, the easier it will be for rural China to achieve a sustainable situation.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
Since the industrial revolution, human society has been changing from a traditionally agricultural based civilization to a modern industrial one. Some European countries and America have almost completed this process of industrialization and have become fully developed industrialized societies. During the period of development, these economies have achieved rapid economic growth and their living standards have been increased significantly. Since then, and especially since World War II, developing countries have viewed developed countries as a template by which to implement their industrial development policies. Therefore, industrialization and economic growth have become the recurrent theme for development throughout the world. However, at the same time, an excessive expansion of the population, environmental pollution, ecological destruction and other issues have become increasingly prominent throughout the world. These issues are threatening the future of our human society. We should re-examine the current economic and social development model and explore a more sustainable path to development.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 2. Sustainable Agricultural Development in Rural China: The Way of Addressing Agricultural Pollution

Abstract
In the last century, the world’s population grew rapidly. Especially after World War II, the population increased from about 2.5 billion then to 6.8 billion which it is now. The rapid population growth caused a rapid demand in the growth of agricultural products. To meet this continuously increasing demand, agricultural production was under tremendous pressure. Given this background, so-called modern agriculture made wide use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and mechanization in agriculture was promoted as the means by which agricultural production would be improved significantly.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 3. Research on Industrial Pollution in Rural China: Seeking a Solution to the Pollution Incurred to the Farmers

Abstract
Recently, with the development of industrialization in rural China, the industrial zones and industrial parks have been emerging in rural areas throughout the countryside. At the same time, because many high-polluting enterprises have been emerging in rural regions, the rural environmental pollution incidents have appeared frequently. Especially water pollution is serious. More than 50 % of China’s major waterways are heavily polluted. In rural China, 360 million people are using unsafe drinking water poisoned by pollution. Among them, 190 million rural residents are drinking water in those toxic substances exceeding the required safety standards.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 4. Sustainable Energy Supply for the Development of Rural China: Research on Wind Power

Abstract
Energy is the material basis of human society’s survival and development. Our human civilization has reached an unprecedented height today. This was based on great energy consumption during the early and middle stages of industrialization especially in developed countries. Energy is extremely important for economic development such as modern agriculture, industry and transportation. At the same time, it is used in our daily lives such as for cooking, heating our houses and service facilities which also depend on energy heavily. Therefore, we can say that no modern society or civilization would be possible without a sustainable energy supply.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 5. The Study of Sustainable Labor Migration in China: Based on Lewis Two-Sector Model and a Field Survey

Abstract
For researching sustainable development in rural China, labor migration is a very important area. This is because in the neoclassical theory of labor, it is a necessary element of economic development. At the same time, from China’s actual perspective, the population and the amount of labor in rural China is huge. Compared with the limited arable land, there is a great surplus of labor force in rural areas and this is one of the direct reasons for that the ecological environment has been greatly damaged. Therefore, the transformations of the surplus of rural labor not only can ease rural environmental damaging, but also can promote the China’s economic development.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 6. Sustainable Social Security System in Rural China

Abstract
The twenty-first century has an ageing population and the problem of ageing is a global phenomenon not simply confined to one area or state. In 2000, out of 204 countries and regions in the world, 72 countries have shown they have ageing population; the proportion of the population is up to 43.36 % of the entire world’s population. All the developed countries are facing the problem of an ageing population and many developing countries are entering or will soon enter the situation of an ageing society. Internal Revenue Service defines ageing populations as people over the age of 65 years. Normally, the share of population over 60 years accounts for more than 10 % of the total population, or population over 65 years accounts for more than 7 %, these countries or regions are called as “old age societies”. In this chapter, I will use the common concept of ageing which concerns the proportion of the population over the age of 65.
Bingtao Qin

Chapter 7. Conclusion

Abstract
In this book, I attempted to research the sustainable development in rural China. The three topics which have placed a main role in this research have been rural China’s development in the areas of economics, ecology and social system. Based on the reality of rural China, there is too much factors related to sustainable development. This book has selected five factors of ecological agricultural production, industrial pollution, renewable energy, labor migration, and the provision of a welfare system which have been outlined in five chapters.
Bingtao Qin
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