The term “sustainability” or “sustainable development” is not completely new. At the beginning of the 18th century it emerged in forestry and was manifested by instinctive actions of forest management to cope with regional environmental problems (triggering substitution of wood by coal). In our times the “Brundtland-Report” (1987) provided a revival of this idea defining sustainable development as “a development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. It contains the concept of needs and the idea of limitations and necessitates a process of change taking environmental, economical, and social aspects into account. The Agenda 21, a program of action as one of the major outcomes of the Rio Earth Summit’ 92, formally introduces the concept of sustainability development indicators, which are mainly environmentally (climate change) driven.
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- Sustainable Development of Energy Supply
- Springer US