The Chilean forest sector is playing an increasingly important role in the economy of the country. It has swiftly grown during the last 25 years. About 45% of the total land area has been classified as land deemed apt for forest growing. However, only less than 10% is covered by closed natural forests and 2% by the fast growing monocultures of Radiata pine plantations, which provide approximately 80% of total consumption of industrial roundwood. Most commercial forests are owned by private companies and individuals. The forest industries have expanded rapidly, concentrating a large part of commercial forests, exports of forest products, investments, and technological development. In spite of the increasing economic importance of forestry, the analysis of its development also reveals weaknesses. A wood production criterion has dominated and little attention has been paid to sustainable forestry. The development of the Chilean forest sector should be based on a better knowledge of the forest ecosystems’ extension and location, rational management, and utilisation on the basis of silvicultural, environmental, and socio-economic considerations. A new forest policy has to be established for promoting a balanced and sustainable development of both natural forests and plantations, and forest industries should be required to uphold these principles.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Sustainable Management of Forest Plantations and Natural Forests in Chile
- Springer Netherlands