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Über dieses Buch

This book examines the planning and implementation of policies to create sustainable neighborhoods, using as a case study the City of Sydney. The authors ask whether many past planning and development practices were appropriate to the ways that communities then functioned, and what lessons we have learned. The aim is to illustrate the many variations within a city and from neighborhood to neighborhood regarding renewal (rehabilitation), redevelopment (replacement) and new development.

Case study examples of nine City of Sydney neighborhoods note the different histories of planning and development in each. Features of the studies include literature searches, field work (with photography), and analysis. The authors propose a set of sustainability principles which incorporate elements of the twenty seven principles of the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

Part One explores sustainable urban planning, and the importance of planning tools that enable best planning outcomes for communities and investors. Common factors in the nine case study neighborhoods are renewal, redevelopment and development pressures affecting Sydney from the 1970s to 2014. Also discussed are the differing circumstances of planning faced by authorities, developers and communities in each of the study areas.

Part Two of the book is focused on the case study areas in City of Sydney East area: Woolloomooloo and Kings Cross. Part Three covers case study areas in Sydney's

Inner South area: Chippendale, Redfern and Waterloo District. Part Four surveys the Inner West suburb of Erskineville. Part Five looks at the City West area, including the Haymarket District and the Pyrmont and Ultimo District. Part Six concentrates on the North West area suburb of Glebe. Part Seven of the book looks at the growth area of South Sydney District, which includes the suburbs of Beaconsfield, Zetland and the new localities of Victoria Park and Green Square. The authors recount lessons learned and outline directions of planning for sustainable neighborhoods. Finally, the authors challenge readers to apply the lessons of these case studies to further advances in sustainable urban planning.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Background to Sustainable Urban Planning and City of Sydney Planning of Neighbourhoods

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Sustainable Urban Planning

Abstract
The chapter provides a background on theory and practice of sustainable urban planning, as applicable anywhere in the world. The chapter covers definitions of sustainability and ecologically sustainable development (ESD). The views of authors who have written about the evolution of sustainable urban planning are reviewed. Also, the key documents that have contributed to the evolution of sustainable urban planning are examined. Recent (1980s onwards) planning schools of thought (i.e. compact cities, new urbanism, smart growth and sustainable urban planning) are reviewed. Having reviewed these schools, the tools of sustainability principles, goals and indicators of sustainability are then commented on. With this review background on sustainable urban planning established, key principles of sustainability are discussed and indicators of sustainability adopted for application to City of Sydney case study neighbourhoods (9) in Chaps. 311.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Chapter 2. City of Sydney Neighbourhood Planning

Abstract
Having reviewed the background to sustainable urban planning (Chap. 1) (including sustainability principles and criteria of sustainability), this chapter provides a background to City of Sydney and New South Wales (NSW) State planning, particularly at the neighbourhood level. Examples of cities and localities around the world adopting approaches to sustainable urban planning are reviewed (thus gaining a comparative basis with the City of Sydney approach). The chapter then selects nine (9) case study areas, outlining the main planning issue (1970s onwards) for each study area. Finally, the chapter comments on the application of indicators of sustainability (Chap. 1) to each study area in subsequent Chaps. 311.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney—City East Area Case Studies

Frontmatter

Chapter 3. Woolloomooloo—Redevelopment and Green Bans

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to Woolloomooloo, a suburb within the City East district of the City of Sydney. A main planning issue in Woolloomooloo that has been central to development of that suburb is reviewed. That issue is the redevelopment conflicts (including adoption of green bans) in the early 1970s that established new partnerships of planning cooperation between local, State and Federal governments. With this background, criteria of sustainability are then applied to today’s Woolloomooloo, particularly focusing on this planning issue. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Chapter 4. Neighbourhood Preservation in Tourist Precinct

Abstract
The chapter firstly examines the background to Kings Cross, a suburb within the City East area of the City of Sydney. A main planning issue in Kings Cross that has been central to development of that locality is reviewed. That issue is neighbourhood preservation in an expanding tourist precinct, in particular conflicts over development proposals in the early 1970s (including adoption of green bans in Kings Cross). Criteria of sustainability are then applied to Kings Cross to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014, particularly in the context of the neighbourhood preservation. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney—Inner South Area Case Studies

Frontmatter

Chapter 5. Chippendale—Village Revival in Face of New Development

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background of Chippendale, a suburb within the Inner South Area of the City of Sydney. The main planning issue in Chippendale that has been central to its development, the progression of village revival in face of new development, is then reviewed. Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to Chippendale. The application is to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014, particularly in the context of impact of new developments. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Chapter 6. Redfern and Waterloo District—Public and Private Housing Balance

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to Redfern and Waterloo, suburbs within the Inner South area of the City of Sydney. The main planning issue in the Redfern and Waterloo District, the public and private housing balance, is reviewed. That issue takes the reader to the early 1970s when Waterloo was planned to accommodate a major public residential redevelopment project (including the imposition of green bans) (Chaps. 3 and 4). Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to the District to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014. This is examined particularly in the context of the planning issue of public and private housing balance. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney—Inner West Area

Frontmatter

Chapter 7. Erskineville—Redevelopment Versus Rehabilitation

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to Erskineville, a suburb within the Inner West area of the City of Sydney. A main planning issue in Erskineville is redevelopment versus rehabilitation of the suburb, particularly focusing on planning events in the early 1970s (including resident opposition to redevelopment plans at the time). Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to the suburb to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney—City West Area

Frontmatter

Chapter 8. Haymarket District—Integrating Development Precincts

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to the Haymarket District, a district within the ‘City West’ area of the City of Sydney. A main planning issue in the Haymarket District that has been central to development of that district is reviewed. That issue is how to protect neighbourhoods while integrating development precincts within the district, in particular State initiated development proposals (1970s to present 2014). Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to the Haymarket District to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014, particularly in the context of the on ground author survey (2009–2014) and planning issues of neighbourhood protection. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Chapter 9. Pyrmont and Ultimo District—Government Sponsored Redevelopment

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to Pyrmont and Ultimo, suburbs within the City West area of the City of Sydney. A main planning issue in Pyrmont and Ultimo has been government sponsored redevelopment (planning commencing in the 1970s) at the same time government has had to ensure neighbourhood preservation. Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to the Pyrmont and Ultimo District to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014, particularly in the context of the neighbourhood preservation. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney—North West Area

Frontmatter

Chapter 10. Glebe—Maintaining and Upgrading Traditional Neighbourhoods

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background to Glebe, a suburb within the North West area of the City of Sydney. The main planning issue of building on the strength of traditional neighbourhoods is reviewed. Criteria of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) are then applied to Glebe to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014, particularly in the context of building on traditional neighbourhoods. Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

City of Sydney ‘City South’—Case Study

Frontmatter

Chapter 11. South Sydney District—Inner City Growth Centre

Abstract
The chapter firstly reviews the background of the South Sydney District growth centre, a district within the City South area of the City of Sydney. The main planning issue of South Sydney District (planning and developing a growth centre within an inner city area) will be reviewed. The planning of this growth centre (started in the 1980s) and its development to date (2014) will be examined in the context of sustainable urban development principles. Indicators of sustainability (as adopted in Chap. 1) will then be applied to South Sydney to gauge the extent of urban sustainability achieved by 2014 (with reference to growth centre planning). Finally, conclusions are reached and lessons learned are outlined.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Chapter 12. Conclusions and Directions for Sustainable Neighborhood Planning

Abstract
The chapter looks at conclusions from the nine case studies (including overall conclusions) and suggests directions for sustainable neighbourhood planning. Examining conclusions, the main planning issues as addressed in the case studies are commented upon.
Raymond Charles Rauscher, Salim Momtaz

Backmatter

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