Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The possibility of repatriation has recently come under heavy discussion along the Thai–Myanmar border. The discourse around ‘sustainable return’ looks beyond long-term development and focuses on four kinds of insecurities (namely, physical insecurity, social and psychological insecurity, legal insecurity, and material insecurity). Repatriation and reintegration are thus viewed as a durable solution only when these aspects of displacement are addressed in an integrated and effective manner. Based on this framework of sustainable return, this chapter begins with a discussion on the standard of voluntary repatriation in accordance with international principles (including the principle of non-refoulement). It then outlines the conditions that induce voluntary repatriation using a case study on repatriation of Indochinese refugees from Thailand to Lao PDR and Cambodia in the 1980s. It describes the security conditions in which repatriation occurred, and highlights the challenges and successes of return in this context, including policies adopted by Lao PDR and the roles of UNHCR and the RTG.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Amnesty International. 1997. “Rwanda: Human Rights Overlooked in Mass Repatriation.” AFR47/02/97. London: Amnesty International.
Assembly of Heads of State and Government. 1969. “OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa.” United Nations, Treaty Series, No. 14, vol 691.
Black, Richard, and Saskia Gent. 2004. “Defining, Measuring and Influencing Sustainable Return: The Case of the Balkans.” University of Sussex, Brighton, England: Department Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty. http://www.migrationdrc.org/publications/working_papers/WP-T7.pdf.
Black, Richard, and Saskia Gent. 2006. “Sustainable Return in Post-Conflict Contexts.” International Migration 44 (3): 15–38.
Chantavanich, Supang. 1988. “Introduction.” In Indochinese Refugees: Asylum and Resettlement. Chulalongkorn University: Institute of Asian Studies.
Chantavanich, Supang, ed. 1992. The Lao Returnees in the Voluntary Repatriation Program from Thailand. Occasional Paper Series, no. 003. Bangkok, Thailand: Indochinese Refugee Information Center, Institute of Asian Studies, Chulalongkorn University.
Chantavanich, Supang. 2011. “Cross Border Displaced Persons from Myanmar in Thailand.” In Thailand Migration Report 2011, edited by Jerrold Huguet and Aphichat Chamratrithirong. Bangkok, Thailand: IOM.
Chantavanich, Supang, and Tawin Pleansri, eds. 2011. The Lao Hmong in Thailand: State Policies and Operations (1975–2009). Bangkok: Sriboon Computer-Printing.
Chimni, B.S. 2003. “Post-Conflict Peace-Building and the Return of Refuge: Concepts, Practices, and Institutions.” In Refugees and Forced Displacement: International Security, Human Vulnerability, and the State, edited by Edward Newman and Joanne van Selm. Tokyo ; New York: United Nations University Press.
Chimni, B. S. 2004. “From Resettlement to Involuntary Repatriation: Towards a Critical History of Durable Solutions to Refugee Problems.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 23 (3): 55–73. doi: 10.1093/rsq/23.3.55.
Colloquium on the International Protection of Refugees in Central America, Mexico and Panama. 1984. “Cartagena Declaration on Refugees.” OAS Document OEA/SER.L/V/II.66/doc. 10, rev. 1. pp. 190–93.
Crisp, Jeff. 2010. “Forced Displacement In Africa: Dimensions, Difficulties, And Policy Directions.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 29 (3): 1–27. doi: 10.1093/rsq/hdq031.
Crisp, Jeff. 2000. “Africa’s Refugees: Patterns, Problems and Policy Challenges.” Working Paper No. 28. Geneva: UNHCR Evaluation and Policy Analysis Unit.
Fransen, Sonja, and Katie Kuschminder. 2012. “Back to the Land: The Long-Term Challenges of Refugee Return and Reintegraiton in Burundi.” 242. New Issues in Refugee Research. Geneva: UNHCR Policy Development and Evaluation Service. http://www.unhcr.org/5040ad9e9.html.
Hammond, L. 1999. “Examining the Discourse of Repatriation: Towards a More Proactive Theory of Return Migration.” In The End of the Refugee Cycle?: Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction. Oxford: Berghahn.
Hein, Jeremy. 2006. Ethnic Origins: The Adaptation of Cambodian and Hmong Refugees in Four American Cities. American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Lacey, Marilyn. 1987. “1: A Case Study in International Refugee Policy: Lowland Lao Refugees.” Center for Migration Studies Special Issues 5 (2): 17–33. doi: 10.1111/j.2050-411X.1987.tb00492.x.
Lanphier, C. Michael. 1993. “The Final Phase of Southeast Asian Asylum?—Some Unfinished Business.” Refuge 13 (5): 3–7.
Leckie, Scott. 2000. “Going Home: Land and Property Issues.” Forced Migration Review 7 (April).
Long, Katy. 2010. “Home Alone: A Review of the Relationship between Repatriation, Mobility and Durable Solutions for Refugees.” Geneva: UNHCR Policy Development and Evaluation Service. http://www.unhcr.org/4b97afc49.html.
Milner, James. 2009. “Refugees and the Regional Dynamics of Peacebuilding.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 28 (1): 13–30.
Robinson, Court. 1998. Terms of Refuge: The Indochinese Exodus & the International Response. Politics in Contemporary Asia. London ; New York : New York: Zed Books ; Distributed in the USA exclusively by St. Martin’s Press.
Rodicio, A. G. 2001. “Restoration of Life: A New Theoretical Approach to Voluntary Repatriation Based on a Cambodian Experience of Return.” International Journal of Refugee Law 13 (1 and 2): 123–41. doi: 10.1093/ijrl/13.1_and_2.123.
Sommer, Rebecca. 2006. Report on the Situation in the Xaysomboun Special Zone and 1100 Hmong-Lao Refugees Who Escaped to Petchabun, Thailand 2004–2005. Earth Peoples.
UNHCR. 1951. “Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.” http://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10.html.
UNHCR. 1996. “Voluntary Repatriation: International Protection—Handbook.” Geneva: UNHCR.
UNHCR. 1997. “The State of the World’s Refugees: A Humanitarian Agenda.” Geneva: UNCHR.
UNHCR. 1998. “Oversight Issues: Reintegration.” EC/48/SC/CRP.15. http://www.unhcr.org/3ae68cf510.html.
UNHCR. 2000. “The State of The World’s Refugees 2000: Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action.” State of the World’s Refugees. Geneva. http://www.unhcr.org/3ebf9bad0.pdf.
UNHCR. 2004. “Handbook for Repatriation and Reintegration Activities.” UNHCR.
UNHCR. 2008. “UNHCR’s Role in Support of the Return and Reintegration of Displaced Populations.” UNHCR. http://www.unhcr.org/4c2203309.html.
UNHCR. 2012. “The State of the World’s Refugees: In Search of Solidarity.” UNHCR.
UNHCR. 2013. “UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2013.” Geneva: UNHCR.
United Nations General Assembly. 1948. “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.” http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml.
Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children. 1991. “Repatriation and Reintegration: Can Hmong Refugees Begin to Look Homeward?” Women’s Refugee Commission.
- Sustainable Return: A Case Study of Refugee Return to Lao PDR in the 1980s–1990s
- Chapter 2
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Best Practices zu agiler Qualität