Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
In the landscape, beginnings and endings overlap. Healthy landscapes are ecosystems, and they survive by constant change. In a self-sustaining landscape, marsh becomes meadow becomes forest, then returns to meadow after fires, or even to marsh after floods. Individual plants and animals die, but the community—the landscape—lives on through a constant “recycling” process.
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Edward Tenner, Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences (New York: Vintage, 1996). Tenner is a former science and history editor at Princeton University Press. His lively account of technology proves you should be careful about what you wish for.
A. Phillips, “International Policies and Landscape Protection,” in Landscape and Sus-tainability, ed. J. F. Benson and M. H. Roe (London: Spon Press, 2000). Other chapters in this book rein-force the concept that landscapes (often viewed bioregionally) are unifying constructs within which sustainable policies have the greatest chance at success.
Arthur Neslen and Karl Mathiesen, “China, EU, and Canada to Take Lead on Climate at Montreal Meeting,” Climate Home News, 13 Sep 2017, www.climatechangenews.com/2017/09/13/china-eu-canada-take-lead-climate/; Lisa Friedman and Brad Plumer, “U.S. Governors at U.N. Assembly: ‘You Have Allies’ on Climate Change,” New York Times, 18 Sep 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/09/18/climate/climate-change-unga-governors.html.
P. H. Ray and S. R. Anderson, The Cultural Creatives: How 50 Million People Are Changing the World (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2000). See also James Richards, “Placemaking for the Creative Class,” LAM, Feb 2007, 32.
Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference (New York: Back Bay Books, 2000).
Lao Tzu. Tao Te Ching, translated by Gia-fu Feng and Jane English. (New York: Vintage, 1997). “Deal with problems when they are small” is a central tenet of this Taoist classic.
This concept can be studied in detail through the “soft” martial arts, such as aikido; I have been teaching this discipline for many years and apply it frequently to ecological concepts as well.
James Steele, Sustainable Architecture: Principles, Paradigms, and Case Studies (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997), 244.
For a summary, see Steele, Sustainable Architecture, chapter 1. Construction-specific recommenda-tions were in section 4 of the original report.
Sonja Bisbee Wulff, “CSU Students Learn Sustainable Landscape Design at Tropical Re-sort,” Fort Collins Coloradoan, 12 Jul 1999, A5.
For those deeply interested in the difficulties of defining or communicating about the nature/culture “split,” see K. Sorvig, “Nature/Culture/Words/Landscapes,” Landscape Journal 21, no. 2 (2002): 1–14. Clearer communication about these issues is ever more essential, even in the most pragmatic landscape or planning practice.
- Sustaining Principles, Evolving Efforts
J. William Thompson
- Island Press/Center for Resource Economics