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16.12.2016 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2017

Cellulose 2/2017

Synthesis and characterization of alkyl cellulose ω-carboxyesters for amorphous solid dispersion

Zeitschrift:
Cellulose > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Hale Cigdem Arca, Laura I. Mosquera-Giraldo, Lynne S. Taylor, Kevin J. Edgar
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10570-016-1156-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Poor drug solubility and consequently poor bioavailability are major impediments to new drug innovation, and they limit the performance of many existing drugs. In recent years amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) has emerged as one of the most effective approaches for enhancing drug solution concentration, and thereby bioavailability, including in many marketed drug formulations. Recently efforts have been under way in several laboratories to design new ASD polymers, rather than relying on polymers that are already in FDA-approved formulations, but were not designed as ASD polymers. We describe here the design and synthesis of a new class of polymers, alkyl cellulose ω-carboxyesters, for ASD formulation. We synthesize these polymers by reaction of cellulose alkyl ethers with monoprotected (benzyl ester), monofunctional long chain acid chlorides, followed by protecting group removal using mild hydrogenolysis to form the target alkyl cellulose ω-carboxyalkanoate. These new amphiphilic polymers have high glass transition temperatures (Tg), tunable carboxyl content for controlling release pH and drug-polymer interactions, and certain members of this new group of amphiphilic cellulose ether esters are shown to be successful at forming ASDs with the important model drug ritonavir. These ASDs efficiently release ritonavir at small intestine pH, creating the maximum attainable amorphous solubility (20 μg/mL), and maintaining it for a time period substantially greater than the normal residence time in the absorptive region of the stomach and small intestine. Members of this new class of alkyl cellulose ω-carboxyester amphiphiles show significant potential as ASD polymers for enhancing oral bioavailability of otherwise poorly soluble drugs.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 686 kb)
10570_2016_1156_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Literatur
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