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Über dieses Buch

The Three-Volume-Set CCIS 323, 324, 325 (AsiaSim 2012) together with the Two-Volume-Set CCIS 326, 327 (ICSC 2012) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Asia Simulation Conference, AsiaSim 2012, and the International Conference on System Simulation, ICSC 2012, held in Shanghai, China, in October 2012. The 267 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 906 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling theory and technology; modeling and simulation technology on synthesized environment and virtual reality environment; pervasive computing and simulation technology; embedded computing and simulation technology; verification, validation and accreditation technology; networked modeling and simulation technology; modeling and simulation technology of continuous system, discrete system, hybrid system, and intelligent system; high performance computing and simulation technology; cloud simulation technology; modeling and simulation technology of complex system and open, complex, huge system; simulation based acquisition and virtual prototyping engineering technology; simulator; simulation language and intelligent simulation system; parallel and distributed software; CAD, CAE, CAM, CIMS, VP, VM, and VR; visualization; computing and simulation applications in science and engineering; computing and simulation applications in management, society and economics; computing and simulation applications in life and biomedical engineering; computing and simulation applications in energy and environment; computing and simulation applications in education; computing and simulation applications in military field; computing and simulation applications in medical field.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

The First Section: Computing and Simulation Applications in Energy and Environment

Modeling the Power Generation Dispatching in Cyber-Physical Interdependent Perspective

Modeling of the modern electric power infrastructure (EPI) which is a typical Cyber-Physical System has been an important method to analyzing the possible vulnerabilities in it and promoting its security. A modeling and simulation method based on Multi-Agent System (MAS) is proposed. And the modeling of generation dispatching in cyber-physical interdependent perspective has been completed first. The simulation experiment using the data coming from a real power grid system shows that our system could model the electrical characteristic of the real system and the generation dispatching according to the changing loads in reason.

Yi Xu, Guangya Si

An Intelligent Method for Fault Diagnosis in Photovoltaic Array

A new intelligent method is proposed to detect faults in the photovoltaic (PV) array. Usually, there is an obvious temperature difference between the fault PV module and the normal PV module. So, the temperature information of the PV modules is utilized to locate the fault in the PV array firstly. Then, the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is applied to diagnosis the type of the fault. The current of maximum power point (

I

mpp

), the voltage of maximum power point (

V

mpp

) and the temperature of the PV modules are input parameters of the ANN. The output of the ANNunit is the result of the fault detection. Basic tests have been carried out in the simulated environment under both normal and fault conditions. The simulation results show that the outputs of the ANN are almost consistent with the expected value. It can be verified that the proposed method based on ANN can not only find the location of the fault but also determine the type of the fault.

Zhihua Li, Yuanzhang Wang, Diqing Zhou, Chunhua Wu

Comparison of LOLE and EUE-Based Wind Power Capacity Credits by Probabilistic Production Simulation

To mitigate the global climate change and environmental issues, wind power generation is growing at a startling pace around the world. The wind power capacity credit can be used to measure the contribution of wind power resource to the capacity adequacy of a power system, thus plays an important role in development of wind power resources and expansion planning of power systems. Using the probabilistic production simulation technology, wind power capacity credits based on the capacity adequacy indexes LOLE and EUE are investigated and compared in this paper. The theoretical analysis and numerical simulation show that non-smoothness presents in variation of the LOLE index with load, while variation of the EUE index with load displays a good smoothness. This will lead to a difference in the EUE-based and the LOLE-based wind power capacity credits. In addition, the wind power capacity credits based on the LOLE index is non-monotonic for relatively small installed capacity of wind power.

Shaohua Zhang, Chen Zhao, Xue Li

Modeling and High Performance Computing Analysis of Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic Environment

Electromagnetic environment (EME) is important in both civil and military wireless communication systems design and radar testing. The key is on whether the EME model and algorithm is proper for the computer solution and how to make the algorithm actually work in computer or computer clusters. We have analyzed EME modeling by three-dimensional parabolic equation (3DPE) and discussed the finite difference method with it, then provide the idea of transforming the equation solving algorithms to parallel algorithms. The cloud computing simulation framework is given and discussed. The future work direction is shown in the conclusion.

Yingnian Wu, Lin Zhang, Fei Tao, Yuewei Shen, Dengkun Liu, Lan Mu

Modeling and Simulation of Electricity Markets under Different Environmental Policies

Renewable energy quota obligation has been enforced in many countries to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and promote renewable energy. To fulfill the quota obligations, many countries have adopted environmental policies such as carbon tax (CT) and feed-in tariff (FIT) in their electricity sectors. This paper aims to examine the impacts of different environmental policies on the electricity market competition and the social welfare. For this purpose, Cournot equilibrium models for electricity wholesale market competition are developed taking into account the CT and the FIT policies. The nonlinear complementarity approach is employed to solve these equilibrium problems. In addition, an environmental policy that combines the carbon tax and the feed-in tariff (CT&FIT) is also proposed in this paper. Numerical simulations are presented to assess the performances of different environmental policies. Some practically meaningful conclusions are derived.

Xinhua Fu, Chen Zhao, Shaohua Zhang, Xian Wang

Overload Risk Assessment in Grid-Connected Induction Wind Power System

Aiming at the new uncertainties brought by wind farms connected directly into power grid, a novel approach to calculate overload risk in grid-connected induction wind power system is proposed. In this method, the probability and consequence of line flow fluctuations is fully considered, and a probabilistic wind farm model is firstly presented. The probabilistic load flow (PLF) calculation with correlated parameters is then used to analyze the randomness of system statuses. Furthermore, the severity function is applied to describe the impact of line flow fluctuations. Finally, the overload risk index is quantified and is treated as an indicator of power system security. Simulation results of the modified 5-bus system confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Xue Li, Xiong Zhang, Dajun Du, Jia Cao

Simulation Research on the Effect of Thermocline on Underwater Sound Propagation

The thermocline has an important influence on sound propagation or underwater acoustic detection in shallow water. The beam-displacement ray-mode theory is used to analyze the effect of thermocline on underwater sound propagation. The peculiarity of this method is that the boundary effects on the sound field can be expressed by the equivalent boundary reflection coefficient. An improved new method for computing the upper boundary reflection coefficient in the theory is proposed based on the generalized phase integral eigen function and an univocal formulation of upper boundary reflection coefficient is deduced. An ocean environment model of thermocline is established. The effect of thermocline’s depth, thickness and intensity on sound transmission loss is discussed. The research result shows that thermocline has an important effect on sound transmission loss. It is of practical guiding significance in sonar detection and underwater warfare.

Lin Zhang, Lianglong Da, Guojun Xu

Study of Real-Time Wave Simulation in Virtual Battlefield Environment

Aiming at the requirements for virtual naval battle environmental simulation, we present an ocean wave simulation method. Firstly according to double superposition model based on the ocean wave spectrum and the linear ocean wave theory, using the acceleration algorithm for ocean wave numerical simulation, the method completes the three-dimensional shape of ocean wave, and then introduces vertex array graphics rendering into drawing ocean wave. Lastly, to improve the visual fidelity, with separate specular color and local viewpoint, we achieve ocean wave surface reflected light effects simulation. Through testing and validation, the method can quickly simulate ocean waves, and the simulation result is available.

Dinghua Wang, Fengju Kang, Huaxing Wu, Wei Huang

Numerical Modeling for Venus Atmosphere Based on AFES (Atmospheric GCM for the Earth Simulator)

In order to elucidate phenomena of Venus atmosphere, an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) for Venus is being developed on the basis of AFES (AGCM For the Earth Simulator). As a first step toward high resolution numerical simulation with realistic physical processes, we investigate unstable modes on the condition of super-rotation by nonlinear numerical simulation with simplified physical processes. At initial state zonal super-rotation is assumed to exist. We use the relaxation forcing of the meridional temperature gradient to maintain the zonal flow. In the time evolution of this experimental setting, baroclinic modes grow in the cloud layer with small static stability. The structures of unstable modes are similar to those obtained in the linear stability analysis. We discuss resolution dependency of the results.

Norihiko Sugimoto, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshihisa Matsuda, Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi, Masaki Ishiwatari, Yoshi-Yuki Hayashi

A Conservative Front-Tracking Method for Scalar Conservation Laws in One Space Dimension with Nonconvex Flux

The second author of this paper has designed a conservative front-tracking method. The method tracks discontinuities by using the conservation property of the hyperbolic conservation laws rather than the Hugoniot condition. We compute the numerical solution on each side of a discontinuity using information only from the same side. In this paper, we develop the method for one-dimensional scalar conservation laws with nonconvex flux. Numerical examples are presented to show the robustness and accuracy of the method.

Jingting Hu, Dekang Mao

A Retrieving Algorithm for Unfolded Sheet Metal Parts Based on the Features Relationship

This paper presents a new retrieval algorithm for unfolded sheet metal parts. The primary idea of this novel algorithm is based on the relative position relationships of features in sheet metal parts. After analyzing the data structure of sheet metal parts, some kinds of key features are abstracted and the relative position model is described to express the difference of features’ relative position. Further, detailed information about the position model and the formula of similarity developed for difficult sheet metal parts is given and described. Also an example is given at the last of paper to verify the validity of our algorithm. Obviously, our new algorithm meets the requirements of searching unfolded sheet metal parts.

Dawei Wang, Dongyun Ge

Finite Difference Methods for Space Fractional Advection-Diffusion Equations with Variable Coefficients

In this paper, the implicit difference scheme is presented to solve a class of space fractional advection-diffusion equations with variable coefficients. The stability and convergence of this method is discussed respectively. Finally, we give several numerical examples to confirm our theoretical analysis.

MSC 2010:

34A08, 26A33

Weiping Bu, Aiguo Xiao, Yifa Tang

Review of the Power Grid Model Vulnerability Based on Complex Network Theory

Topology structure of power grid has intrinsic and substantial characteristics which if once ascertained in the build of the power grid will have crucial impact on its performance. Therefore, in this paper, some network models commonly used in power grid are introduced and analyzed byreference of the domestic and overseasresearches which are based on the complex theory. There exist some key transmissionlines and/or vulnerable nodesin thepower grid,and if either of them breaksdown, itmay result in wide-area blackoutsand even the cascading failures. Since smart grid is the trend of the current power grid, cyber-physical network structure model as well as some current researches on smart grid has been introduced. At last, some thoughts about how to better develop smart gridare proposed.

Zhiguo Ding, Minrui Fei

Extraction of Vortices and Exploration of the Ocean Data by Visualization System

Naturally, fishery highly depends on the environment in the ocean. To increase fishing hauls, the analysis of the ocean is of great significance. In this paper, we proposed some visualization tools which help to filter and analyze the ocean data such as temperatures and currents velocities. Sea currents are visualized as streamlines and vortices can be detected and extracted. We constructed a system environment in which we can analyze the relationship between the vortices and the distribution of temperatures, which is visualized by volume rendering.

Chi Zhang, Takashi Uenaka, Naohisa Sakamoto, Koji Koyamada

Modeling and Simulation of Partial Shaded PV Modules

Partial shading instances are very common in photovoltaic (PV) systems. The mismatch losses and hot spot effects caused by partial shading can not only affect the output power of solar system, but also can bring security and reliability problems. A mathematical model reflecting the output electrical characteristics of the partial shading PV module is put forward in this paper. Compared with the traditional model, it is able to show the variation of the output electrical characteristics of the PV module by adjusting the irradiance, temperature and the area of partial shading. The model is used to analyze the power losses of the partial shaded PV model with different number of bypass diodes. The simulation results show that a PV model under partial shading with 6 bypass diodes is the best configuration to minimize the mismatch power loss. It has an important meaning for practical engineering application.

Zhou Diqing, Chunhua Wu, Zhihua Li

Research on Run-Time Atmosphere Environment Database Based on Berkeley DB

Synthetic Natural Environment is an important support for modern simulation systems. Atmosphere data is one special kind of SNE. To fulfill the performance requirements of atmosphere environment data storage and access during simulation, we need to build an efficient run-time atmosphere database. This paper mainly analyses the characteristics of atmosphere data and run-time atmosphere database, then introduces a famous embedded database Berkeley DB and analyses the feasibility of building run-time atmosphere database based on it.

Jinzhan Zhang, Guanghong Gong, Jiangyun Wang, Dongdong Gao

The Second Section: Computing and Simulation Applications in Education

Expert System Application in Simulation Tutoring for Weapon Utilization

According to the characteristics and requirements of simulation tutoring system for weapon utilization, a hybrid rule-based expert system was designed to offer intelligent assists during the teaching process. The architecture and function of the simulation tutoring system were introduced firstly. Then with the disadvantages of production system analyzed, a kind of XML-based production knowledge representation was presented. Combining the object-orient method and XML technology, the rule-based expert system can make rules flexible-defined, intuitionistic and easy to access. In order to reason conveniently, fact base was also built in the form of XML, which leads to efficient inference. With examples given, the detail of knowledge representation was interpreted, the design of rule base and fact base were described, and the process of inference was illustrated. The implementation proved that the expert system can reason on students’ operations according to rules and return inference results, which met the requirements well.

Danhua Peng, Xiaohong Shi, Ge Li

Design of the Teaching Demonstration Platform of Missile Control System

According to the lacking of teaching experiments in design of missile control system course, a teaching demonstration platform is built. In this paper, the general scheme of the design is completed, and the system is departed to teacher-control-terminal and student-design-node based on client/server model. The simulation is demonstrated vividly through the steering engine, 3D visual simulation, and trajectory of the missile. Some pieces of the software including Matlab, RT-lab and Vega are integrated to design the frame of software, and the running flow of the software is given. Finally, the contents of the experiment are introduced. The teaching experiment shows that this system is useful to help students understand the composition and design methods of typical control system. The operation of the system is simple, intuitive and vivid.

Tao Yang, Xiaofei Chang, Wenxing Fu, Jie Yan

The Study on Integration between General Mobile Device and Desktop Virtual Reality System

This paper presented a lightweight, low cost, quasi-real-time distributed virtual reality system to verify the feasibility of the idea of college freshmen navigation. Desktop virtual reality system with Virtools was achieved with the real size of the Web-3D scenes and virtual 3D character behavior. Based on iOS and Android, mobile platform was achieved a custom Google Map Web-2D scenes and characters of 2D. Through the VR shared database and mobile terminal local VR library, data synchronization was realized in the system.

Meng Wang, Binjie Xu, Zhenggong Han, Dekun Chen

An Improved DES Anti-DPA Algorithm and Its Automatic Simulation System

Based on the analysis of DES cryptographic algorithms and anti-attack strategy, this paper proposes an advanced DES anti-DPA attack algorithm by further improving the Mask method in the power consumption points and the simplicity of working codes. And then, we focus on establishing the algorithm and the validation model by using SystemC, after completing the circuit design of such a DES cryptographic coprocessor that meets the requirement of NFC applications. In order to reduce the development time and costs, we construct a set of automatic simulation system for SystemC model and the RTL circuit. Results of the simulation of this experiment procedure are given to prove the proposed algorithm and design effective.

Jingjing Liu, Shiwei Ma, Guanghua Chen, Hui Tao, Long Qin, Weimin Zeng

The Third Section: Computing and Simulation Applications in Military Field

The Model of Target Value Judgment Based on Fuzzy Logic Illation System

By applying the theory of fuzzy logic illation system into the model of target value judgment, this paper implements the model by fuzzy logic toolbox of Matlab. This model can full utilize the experience of specialist and target information of target value element. It can offer a scientific and effective support for commander.

Wei Chen, Haiyang Zhu, Feng Qiu, Bo Sun, Mingqi Guan

Research of Quick Processing Mechanism for Massive Battlefield Situation Data in Combat Simulation

In the combat simulation, the battlefield situation data need be stored and visualized, but battlefield situation data volume is becoming larger, it is difficult to handle, we build compression and decompression mechanism to solve the problem, we also improve the visualization mechanism, the situation information is divided into static type and dynamic type, in the simulation process the dynamic information need be handled from the beginning to the end. Through the two kinds of mechanisms the situation data is handled effectively.

Wei Shao, Xiying Huang, Dinghai Zhao

The Study of Three-Dimensional Virtual Battlefield Large Terrain Dynamically Generated

Large terrain three-dimensional visualization immediacy impact third dimension immersion and of virtual battlefield and cover area of warfare simulation mission .Aim at the characteristic of virtual battlefield large terrain visualization, emphasize the study large area terrain visualization technic, and take Digital Elevation Model and satellite photograph of northwest area of China as source data, use multilayer LOD and Virtual Texture, predigest grid and terrain division technic, and use three-dimensional modeling software Creator Terrain studio made a block of large terrain of area about 400X400km2 ,and fulfill the demand of three-dimensional virtual battlefield of warfare simulation.

Fanfan Yao, Qiang Liang, Pei Long, Gaige Huang

Simulation and Analysis of Space Object Visibility Based on Space-Based Optics Surveillance

The visibility analysis model of space object based on space-based optics surveillance is derived from constraints including the earth masking, the earth shadow, the sunlight and the field of view. According to the orbit distribution character of space objects, we analyzed the visibility of some typical space objects using three groups of observation platform which has low, middle and high orbits respectively. Three helpful results are derived from the simulation experiments. Firstly, the visibility of low orbit space objects is poor, the total time of visible arcs is less than 1 hour in the 24 hours observation. Secondly, there is extremely little influence made by restraints of the earth masking and the earth shadow for the visibility of middle and high orbit space objects. Finally, the visibility of space objects using middle or high orbit observation platform is beneficial than using low orbit observation platform.

Xiangchun Liu, Ying Liao, Yuanlan Wen, Zhi Zhang

Feature Separability Evaluation for Advanced Radar Emitter Signals

For the realization of feature separability evaluation for advanced radar emitter signals (RES), the evaluation methods of feature separability of advanced radar emitter signals were proposed based on four kinds of measure. It reflects the within-class aggregation and class separation of the feature clustering through the maximum of within-class Euclidean distance, the sum of within-class Euclidean distance, the variance of within-class Euclidean distance and the sum of Euclidean distance between classes. The corresponding measures were calculated by using six typical advanced radar emitter signals. The results show that this method is effective and feasible, and can implement the feature separability evaluation for advanced radar emitter signals.

Bin Zhu, Weidong Jin, Zhibin Yu, Meijun Duan

Research on Anti-ARM Model with Outboard Active Decoys

As ship-borne radar system is composed of various types of radars, it can’t be simplified as single radiation source when the warship adopts active decoy to deal with anti-radiation missile (ARM). By analyzing working characteristics of ARM, attacking models of ARM to ship-borne radars with active decoys were built. The simulation results show that burst points of ARM are in dense distribution around the ship-borne radars, which still pose a threat to ship-borne radar system.

Yupeng Xie, Zhongjie Wang, Jiangang Yan, Yanbo Song

Research on Anti Saturation Attack Model of SAM to ARM

By establishing efficiency indexes of ship-to-air missiles (SAM) weapon system, serving process of SAM for anti-radar missile (ARM) were quantitatively derived. Basing on countermeasure process of SAM operation, the anti saturation model of SAM to ARM was built on Monte Carlo, which includes numerical characteristic of shooting stream, threat estimation, firepower distribution, interception and effectiveness estimation. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of this model, which lay a foundation for further quantitative research on operations of SAM.

Jiayou Zeng, Yupeng Xie, Hongfei Bian, Cao Lv

Design and Integration of Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation System for Certain Missile

Hardware-in-the-loop simulation is generally large distributed heterogeneous real-time system. Its overall scheme design and system integration is essential. According to the mission requirement of flight control system simulation experiment for certain missile, the frame of the distributed hardware-in-the-loop simulation system is designed. The nodes are divided into server, client and monitor. And the composition of the system is given. The stage of system integration test is divided into interface matching test, open-loop following test and closed-loop simulation test. The methods and steps are introduced in detail, and the content of bias simulation is enumerated. Finally, the contrastive results between the digital simulation and hardware-in-the-loop simulation are given, and the deviation is preliminarily analyzed. The study shows that the simulation system meets the demands of design, and the flexibility and reliability of the simulation system are enhanced.

Xiaofei Chang, Tao Yang, Jie Yan, Mingang Wang

Design of the Virtual Training Platform for Carrier Aircrafts Approach and Landing

A virtual training platform for carrier aircrafts approach and landing is designed based on virtual reality technology. Distributed framework is adopted, and every node of the system is introduced in detail. Then it gives a method of real-time communication using Reflective Memory technology in this paper. And it introduces the logical relation and integration of dynamic modules of three types of landing. The environmental library of training platform of approach and landing is built with 3d graphics engine. The 3d visual models are built using DOF and texture mapping technology. And the scheme of voice communication between LSO and pilots is proposed. Then it analyses the problems of collision detection. Finally the global visualization is given.

Xianjian Chen, Gang Liu, Guanxin Hong

An Experimental Approach for BMDS Effectiveness Analysis

The problem of ballistic missile defense system (BMDS) effectiveness analysis has been highly concerned for years. In this paper, a simulation study of BMDS is fulfilled by accomplishing large number of experiments. In order to improve the simulation efficiency, the orthogonal design methodology is adopted to arrange experiment plans. After resultant data are selected, the variance analysis method is employed to analyze the relativity between variable parameters and indexes. In the end, two demos are given to show how the approach works.

Hua Chai, Yangang Liang, Guojin Tang

The Modeling and Simulation of Command and Control System Based on Capability Characteristics

Command and control are key factors in a variety of military theories. Command and control system simulation, uses computer simulation technology to examine the performance of designed command post system in a virtual environment, which has been the basis for an assessment or optimization of command post system. This paper analyzed the shortcomings and deficiencies of the current command and control system modeling, and proposed a command and control system modeling based on the entity-relationship. Combined with the Lanchester model considering efficiency of command this paper takes command and control system models for scenario analysis.

Huijing Meng, Xiao Song

Based Acceleration Compound Control with Equivalent Input Disturbance Observer for Flight Simulator

Friction torque is the main factor that influences dynamic response performance of high accuracy of servo systems at low speed movement. To compensate for the friction torque and other disturbances, a compound control strategy based on backstepping and acceleration feedback with the equivalent input disturbance observer is proposed. In this control strategy, make use of the state-observer to estimate the equivalent disturbance, and obtain the acceleration estimation. The acceleration feedback controller is introduced to compensate for friction torque and disturbances; the backstepping controller with integral element is used for the position loop. The simulation results show that dynamic friction torque is inhibited more effectively, and the robustness of system for the exterior disturbance is also improved simultaneously.

Ying Liu, Yan Ren, Zhenghua Liu

The Analysis of Reconnaissance Modeling and Simulation in Combat Simulation

The modeling and simulation of reconnaissance is a important part of army combat simulation. The reconnaissance system is the complex combination of many reconnaissance equipments such as the ground vehicle and air vehicle, and includes different form like sound, light and electricity. Based on the basic conception, reconnaissance action and reconnaissance equipment, paper gives the modeling Analysis of this model. Then, paper gives the composing and structure of reconnaissance system model and uses it to simulation. The result indicates that the model has rational structure and can be used in the combat simulation.

Rui Fan, Hao Li, Fang Liu

An Approach of Targets Selection in the Battle of Attacking Targets S-o-S Wrecked

Achieving objectives of the operation could be promoted quickly by choosing the targets system leading to worse affected overall situation. However it was difficult to quantify these effects. The targets system-of-system (S-o-S) potential energy was constructed by referring to Quantum states and related concepts in Quantum Theory. A function of potential energy was established by monadic cubic equation, by which the effects of targets systems wrecked were able to be quantified with the value of transition of potential energy. Through the simulation experiments, several points, in which potential energy of target systems descending substantially, are similar to four points in five grades of Battle Damage System : 0.10, 0.35, 0.60 and0.85. The velocity of transition of potential energy can be illustrated by the distance of simulation steps between the potential energy points, which shows that the network structure of targets S-o-S is no-scale as well as the transition of potential energy of system is according with Power Law.

Yi Liang, Yequan Cai, Xiaoming Luo, Lei Hu

Evaluation of Injure Effect Based on the Pixel Simulation

In view of evaluating the injure effect, a new method based on the real irregular-shaped target image is proposed in this article by analyzing on the distribution of the pixels before and after the shooting test. Through using different gray level to represent the different importance of the target, this article expatiate the basic steps of the pixel simulation method in Matlab, and take an example to validate the proposed method, and the simulation results verify the efficiency and feasibility of the proposed method.

Dengan Chen, Guowei Wang, Hongri Cong

Research on IETM Interaction Based-On Multi-agent

On the basis of analysis of the information crisis we have met in products supporting action, this paper described the characteristics of IETM Interaction, and explained the hierarchy of the achievement of IETM interaction in detail. After studying the characteristics of products supporting information systems, in order to improve the information-interaction ability of information systems, the paper introduced the Multi-Agent into the supporting actions, and researched the framework of interaction and the method of information-interaction.

ZongChang Xu, Bo Li, ShuFeng Huang, Yun Zhao

The Wiener Model Identification of Self-oscillation Actuator

To study the saturation nonlinear phenomena of self-oscillation actuator caused by constructions, a two-step method was proposed to establish its mathematic model by linked Wiener structure. Firstly, the frequency of self-oscillation and effective output signal of system were obtained by analyzing its spectrum and designing filter. Then, through analyzing the characters of output signal, differential equations and polynomial basis functions were chosen for linear sub-system and non-linear sub-system of Wiener Model, and the parameters were determined by calculating. The validity of mathematic model was demonstrated by simulating.

Shuang Wei, Baiwei Guo, Hong Xu

Research on Virtual Design and Man-in-Loop Simulation

This paper focuses on the difficulties on the research of the modern industrial complex product. Based on the large-scale command and control system, some key technologies are achieved in this paper: the digital design and the human-in-loop simulation; the engineering method at the stages of the project establishment, the product design and the physical prototype test; the solution of some engineering applications.

Zhiming Song, Shengxiao Zhang

Research on CSP Model for Complex TT&C Task Scheduling

This paper focus on the high frequency of conflict and complex constraints in ground TT&C(Tracking Telemetering and Command) resources scheduling problems. A detailed analyze of resources and requests has been made. Tasks are divided into collections of requests classified by their phases with a sequent based on constraint to describe their logic. Six constraints including equipment matching constraint, time windows constraint, antenna confliction constraint, satellite competition, sequential logic constraint and consumable resource constraint are particularly expressed. To meet the vary preferences from usage of resources to accomplishment of requests by different users, three heuristic principals have been added to the CSP(Constraints Satisfaction Problem) model. In the end of this paper, the model is validated by a simulation.

Zhen Zhu, Yongming Gao, Bin Wang

Research of the Random Noise Compensation of MEMS Gyro

Feature of Unscented Kalman Filter( UKF ) is systematic analysed, and UKF is used in the compensation of MEMS Gyro random noise.Discussion the compensation of MEMS Gyro static random noise and dynamic random noise,The specific use of neural networks and Support Vector Machines in the compensation of MEMS Gyro random noise is proposed.Described in detail how MEMS Gyro random noise is compensated in the project.There is some defective when the time series used to build dynamic mathematical model of MEMS Gyro random noise,advantages and disadvantages of the compensation methodology of the MEMS Gyro random noise used by foreigner are pointed out.

Xiaowen Wu, Qing Li

Human Behavior Representation Theory Progress in Constructive Simulation

There are higher requirements for human behavior representation (HBR) in constructive simulation. After analyzing the military domain requirements and theory requirements of individual and organization behavior modeling, the basic theory progress of HBR were discussed including motivation theory, behavior decision-making theory, four main cognition schools and four typical cognition structures-SOAR, ACT-R, EPIC and 4CAPS. Their advantages and limitations were indicated. Then, the state of the art of HBR was summarized including the contribution and deficiency of former research. Some recommendations to HBR researchers are listed in the end.

Shaoyong Shi, Zaijiang Tang, Quanfeng Ma, Jingye Wang

Research on Simulation Method of Material Demand Forecast

A method of material demand forecast by adopting simulation approach is discussed in this paper. Difficulties in material demand forecast are also analyzed from four aspects of information, method, analysis and judgment. Simulation, as a means of material demand forecast, has its own advantages. Based on the analysis of requirements for material demand forecast, a kind of combat simulation model architecture for material demand forecast is constructed, and the important models are analyzed. Then several design principles and methods for material demand forecast are listed out. Finally, some typical issues about the experiment results are set forth.

Quanfeng Ma, Shaoyong Shi, Ying Liang

Weapon Target Assignment Decision Based on Markov Decision Process in Air Defense

This paper proposed a MDP based approach to resolve the weapon target assignment (WTA) problem in air defense domain. Considering the dynamic and stochastic nature of this problem, WTA is firstly decomposed into several sub-problems, the optimal strategy of which is easily to compute since the state space is very small. The strategies of sub-problems are combined to form global assignment strategy, in that a Minimum Marginal algorithm is employed for conflicts resolution. By this way, an approximate optimal WTA policy is obtained with reduction of computation complex.

Yaofei Ma, Chaohong Chou

Study of CGF Task Simulation System Based on HLA

This paper analyzes the importance of the task information in military simulation, discusses the different multi-resolution modeling (MRM) methods, designs and realizes a MRM simulation system based on HLA. Combat entities were modeled with aggregation-disaggregation method and the task information of the entities was built MRE models. The task MRE could maintain consistency of tasks in different levels of resolution strictly by maintaining all task details among all levels of resolution. And the combat entities would not consume too much simulation resources in the aggregation-disaggregation model. In the simulation federation, a task manage federate was constructed to maintain the task information in the whole simulation process which could interact with other federates by distributing task information and receiving feedbacks. Moreover, the task information in the task manage federate was used to visualize the task of combat entities in the 3D scene which could intuitionally show the intentions of entities.

Fei Jie, Fengxia Li, Zhaohan Lu, Binghui Geng

Research of Aiming Error and Its Application in CGF Tank Firing Model

Based on the effecting factors of aiming error on firing precision in the gunner shooting procedure, it builds the aiming error model and shooting reaction delay model which compose the CGF tank aiming model with high precision. It makes the aiming action more realistic in CGF tank model which improves the fidelity and validity of system and it is conducive to enhance the efficiency of gunner’s shooting and tactical training system.

Changwei Zheng, Qing Xue, Xiaoming Ren, Guanghui Li

Command and Decision-Making Model for Armored Weapon Platform Based on Multi-agent

After study on the character of the weapon platform, a new command and decision-making model based on multi-agents is presented in this paper. Through discussing the producing process of commanding activity, this paper put forward the cooperation model of multiple weapon platform based on KQML language in order to realize cooperation between multiple agents. At last, decision-making agents are given autonomous decision and self-inference abilities in the new command and decision-making model by using Artifical Neuro-Network Fuzzy Inference System.

Changyi Chen, Xinjun Zhao, Yongxian Zou, Baili Qi, Lingjie Kong

Research on the Distributed Environment Module of SPMM

To solve the big traffic problem caused by centralized environment model in the Simulation Platform of Military-intelligent-UUV based on MAS (SPMM), proposed a distributed environment model, extracted the environmental elements for concept modeling by taking the environment as an intelligent and dynamic object, designed the operation system structure of the distributed environment model, and advanced a method that combined the distributed environment with interest management. The simulation verified that the method can effectively reduce the traffic between UUV and the environment, and help keeping the space consistency. The research provided technical support for SPMM.

Shengjie Wang, Fengju Kang, Huizhen Yang, Hong Han

Modeling and Simulation of Pilot Behavior Interfaced with Avionics System

To represent the complex behavior of a human pilot operating a fighter aircraft, an agent-based modeling and simulation method is proposed in this paper. First a live virtual constructive simulation platform including an agent-based avionics system model is introduced as a test-bed. Through refining the interface information flow between a pilot and avionics system, employing fuzzy reasoning to mimic the information processing of human, and applying Bayesian network to situation assessment, then using fuzzy Petri-net to make decisions and plan actions, the hybrid agent-based pilot model will sense, think, learn and act as a human pilot do. The ongoing effort indicates its feasibility and validity.

Huaxing Wu, Fengju Kang, Wei Huang, Yi Lu

Research and Application of Tank Gunners’ Skills Model in Operation Simulation

Troops’ forces not only have a relationship with weaponry equipment, but it is also related to operation skills of equipment-users tightly. Battle models using in operation simulation reveal weaponry capability, furthermore, skill element of warriors must be taken for account. By using the man-in-loop simulation experiment modeling method which the gunner takes participate in, this article analyses distribution principles of aiming-point, building the gunner’s aiming precision model. Moreover, through exploring differences of gunner’s individual skills on the basis of the mentioned work, gunners’ operation skills distribution model including aiming-point judgement capability difference model and manipulation capability difference model is built. Moreover, by applying this model in operation simulation, the fidelity of operation simulation can be enhanced.

Guanghui Li, Junqing Huang, Jian Han, Yanping Fan

Research of Army Battle Parallel Simulation Method Based on Function Modules

There is huge computing in the modern battle simulation, for the models with so many amounts and so small granularity, complex hiberarchy of simulation system. Adopting parallel simulation is the current method. The paper gives the parallel scheme based on function modules from present function and structure of simulation system. The method needs division and coalition of function modules based on the time of computing and communicating. The example suggests that the method has a certain efficiency and good value from the existing system.

Yalong Ma, Qingjun Huang, Ming Sun

Multi-aircraft Cooperative Target Allocation in BVR Air Combat Using Cultural-Genetic Algorithm

According to the characteristics of BVR (Beyond Visual Range) air combat, a mathematical model of multi-aircraft cooperative target allocation problem was built. Also a Cultural-Genetic Algorithm is proposed to solve this problem, which integrates cultural algorithm and genetic algorithm effectively. Based on the framework of Cultural Algorithm, Genetic Algorithm is selected as the evolutionary algorithm of population space. The knowledge of reasonable allocation plans is extracted from population space and stored in a belief space, which will influence the selection and mutation operation of Genetic Algorithm to make the optimization fast and accurate. Simulation results on typical application instances show that this algorithm is more efficient in performance than traditional Genetic Algorithm.

Ni Li, Wenqing Yi, Guanghong Gong

Secure and Semantic Repository for Weapon Models in the Cloud

Simulation-based weapons analysis requires significant efforts to represent the complex structure and dynamics of weapon systems on the computer. A model repository can help model developers to save their development costs and time by utilizing predefined and already validated weapon models. In this paper, we introduce OpenREM (Open REpository for weapon Models) which has been developed to store weapon models in the cloud data storages. OpenREM provides a semantic search service to reuse semantically similar models, despite of their structural and textual differences. OpenREM also prevents and detects possibly security probes, and employs an intrusion tolerant mechanism to be able to survive through security threats.

Hyunhwi Kim, Chanjong Park, Kangsun Lee

The Fourth Section: Computing and Simulation Applications in Medical Field

Finite Element Analysis of Mice Tibia under Impact Loading

Fracture is one of most common injuries in the clinical diagnosis, mainly existed by the kind of stress fracture. With the fast development in sports area, not only the olds but also more and more young athletes may suffer the disease, usually happening under an impact. Currently there are only limited tests to predict the fracture such as BMD (bone mineral density) testing or biopsies of microdamage, but none of them was specific enough. Under such circumstance, this study will try the FEM (finite element method) to find out the process of impact fracture. A free-fall device was set up and a geometry model of mice tibia was created based on a real one. The results show that under the condition of no fracturethe maximum stresses occurred at two crooks, 1/3 below the knee joint of the tibia and 1/3 above the ankle joint, which were the same with clinical diagnosis statistic. In addition, an experiment was conducted with the same device, and the results were matched with the FEM simulation. Therefore this model of simulation was well suitable for the study on impact fracture, and would help in future fracture prediction.

Nan Chen, Qing Luo, Qiguo Rong

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