Rapid and uncontrolled population growth, low average income per capita, industrial development dependent on external market, and extensive degradation of natural resources— this is Brazil in the end of the 20th century. The country, known to be the “lungs” of the planet, is loosing its Amazonian tropical forests at an extremely high rate, up to almost 30.000 square km per year as in 1994/19952. Deforestation, and erosion of agricultural lands become a danger already for the living generation. From another side, very heterogeneous income distribution, prevailing of young people in the age structure of Brazilian population, and low educational level of more than 50% of them, are respectively the factors of escalating severe socio-economic problems.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Systems Modeling of Brazilian Sustainability with Emergy Flows Diagrams
- Springer Netherlands
- Chapter 11