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This book introduces readers to the key provisions of the URRAN-based technical asset management system - a methodology for managing resources and risks by analyzing and ensuring the required levels of reliability and safety in Russia’s railway transport facilities. It describes the architecture of the URRAN information system’s unified corporate platform (UCP URRAN) and its subsystems for infrastructure facilities and rolling stock complexes. It also highlights the UCP URRAN’s prospects for development, especially in the application of artificial intelligence to predict dangerous events in railway transport operation.

The book is chiefly intended for specialists engaged in practical work on the technical maintenance of railway transport facilities. It can also be used as a reference guide for students and researchers at railway universities or professionals who are dealing with problems in technical asset management in other industries.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
Well-balanced asset management is the basis for the success of any company. The company carefully treats its assets since its income and prosperity are determined by the condition of the company’s facility with the use of which the profit is earned. Technical assets bring profit to the company only if they work reliably (smoothly) and efficiently. The efficiency of technical assets means the influence of their condition on the final result of the company’s activity, i.e. on its profit. The efficiency of an asset is directly related to its productivity, functionality level, and especially safety. Thus, reliability, safety, productivity, and functionality are the main characteristics of a technical asset state. They have a decisive influence on the life cycle cost of an asset.
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 2. Problems of Managing Technical Assets in Railway Domain

Abstract
The railway transport of the Russian Federation is mainly represented by Joint Stock Company “Russian Railways” (JSC “RZD”) that is the largest owner and operator of transport infrastructure facilities on the territory of the Russian Federation. Almost 335,000 people maintain the infrastructure complex of the JSC “RZD,” including approximately 150,000 km of tracks, 30,000 bridges and viaducts, 159 tunnels, more than 5000 stations, and many other types of the infrastructure facilities. In addition, the JSC “RZD” is a major owner and operator of communication networks, an operator of telephone and radio communications, including digital communications (DMR, Tetra, GSM-R). The total length of communication lines of the JSC “RZD” is over 330,000 km; the length of fiber-optic communication lines is over 77,000 km. Over 500,000 units of signalling equipment, as well as more than 6 million units of various sensors, technical diagnostics and telemetry equipment are operated on the railway infrastructure. Transportation process is supplied uninterruptedly with electric power provided by 1402 traction substations. 11,000 freight locomotives (electric and diesel), 6000 shunting engines (diesel), 1,600,000 freight wagons of all types and owners, 24,000 long-distance passenger cars, and more than 15,000 commuter cars are operated on the railways of the JSC “RZD.” The Russian Railways Holding is the largest backbone of the Russian economy, the most important element of its transport system, providing over 44% of freight turnover and over 30% of the passenger turnover of the entire transport system of the country, forming 1.7% of Russia’s GDP, 1.5% of tax revenues to the country’s budget system, and up to 4% of the total capital investment in Russia. Russian Railways is one of the TOP-5 largest companies in Russia, one of the top companies in the world (including the United States and China) in terms of the length of railway network and number of passengers carried and freight transported. The share of the cost of the infrastructure fixed assets of the JSC “RZD” is more than 60% of its total cost of fixed assets; the share of operational costs for infrastructure facilities is about 35% of the total costs. Optimization of infrastructure and rolling stock maintenance costs is one of the key objectives of the JSC “RZD.”
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 3. Conceptual Provisions for Integrated Risk-Based Management of Reliability, Safety, and Resources

Abstract
In accordance with ISO 55000 series an asset is an identifiable item, thing, or object that has potential or actual value for the organization. Value can be defined in many ways by different enterprises and their stakeholders and can be tangible or intangible, financial or non-financial and include risks and liabilities. The value can be positive or negative at various stages of the asset’s life. Physical assets usually include equipment, inventory, and real estate owned by an organization. Physical assets are the opposite of non-physical intangible assets such as rights to use intangible objects, brands, digital assets, intellectual property rights, licenses, reputation, and business relationships. A group of assets that make up a system of assets can also be considered an asset (ISO 55000 series).
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 4. Basic Concepts and Indicators of Dependability and Functional Safety of Railway Transport Facilities

Abstract
The facility means any functional unit that can be considered separately (for example, a section of a railway track, a point, a section of a catenary system, a first class reliability relay, etc.). The system means a set of interrelated and interacting elements. The device is a technical means for performing one or several required functions. Railway equipment is a technical means or a set of technical means designed to ensure the transportation process in railway transport.
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 5. Standardization of the Facilities of Railway Transport and the Normalization of Dependability Indicators

Abstract
The facilities of railway transport are operated in various environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, wind, pressure, amount of precipitation, snow, floods, etc.), under various operating conditions (track layout, track class, set speed, etc.) and in accordance with different management approaches. They are operated at different utilization rate. The facilities of the same functionality may have significant design differences. All these circumstances mean that facilities of the same functionality can fail with different frequency (intensity). Moreover, differences in failure rate can significantly vary depending on operating conditions. It follows that the dependability of a facility could not be evaluated by the total number of its failures at various sections of the railway network.
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 6. Fundamentals of Management of Technical and Industrial Risks on Railway Transport

Abstract
In the opinion of the outstanding etymologist and specialist in Slavic studies M. Fasmer [1] the word “risk” is a borrowing from the French or Italian languages (French: risquе, Italian: risico). This word traces back to the ancient Greek ῥιζικόν meaning “cliff” and ῥίζα meaning “root.” Also “take risks” originates from French risquer or Italian risicare which originally means “maneuver between the rocks.”
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 7. Resource Management of Railway Transport Facilities

Abstract
The life cycle of a railway transport facility is a set of interrelated, consistently implemented processes of setting requirements, creating, using, and disposing of railway engineering that take place over a period of time that starts from the stage of development of the concept of railway engineering and terminates after the stage of its disposal [1, 2, 3, etc.]. The entire life cycle can be divided into three components: (1) Tender stages; (2) Development stages; (3) Stages of operation (Fig. 7.1).
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 8. Assessment of the Activities of Structural Divisions of Railway Transport

Abstract
Assessment of the activities of structural divisions of railway transport is one of the most important technologies for managing the transportation process. The results of the assessment make it possible to define the effectiveness of the division activities regarding fulfillment of production tasks, ensuring the safety and dependability of train traffic, ensuring prompt restoration of the division’s facility operability, and activities to ensure the required level of competence of the division’s personnel. The results of the assessment are a key tool for managing the activities of divisions, branches, and directorates of the Russian Railways as well as for assigning investments to subdivisions.
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 9. Unified Corporate Platform URRAN (UCP URRAN)

Abstract
The management of technical assets of the Russian Railways is carried out on the basis of the URRAN system which is composed of three interrelated components:
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev

Chapter 10. Conclusion

Abstract
Technical assets bring profit to a company only if they operate dependably (uninterruptedly) and efficiently. The efficiency of an asset is directly correlated to its productivity, level of functionality, and especially safety.
Igor Borisovich Shubinsky, Alexei Mikhailovitch Zamyshlaev
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