Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Technology-driven entrepreneurship is largely recognised as a knowledge-intensive process and strategic asset for the competitiveness of individuals, organisations and regions. In this perspective, governments and supranational institutions have recently launched programmes for promoting the nurturing and development of technology-driven entrepreneurship, aware that regions and countries present different performances in promoting and sustaining innovative entrepreneurial processes. There is an urgent need to understand how and through which instruments governments can sustain the creation of technology-driven entrepreneurship. In this chapter, we focus on the European context, by starting with an understanding of the pillars and objectives of the Smart Specialisation Strategy as the political framework supporting the intelligent growth of the European regions up to 2020. The achievement of the ambitious objectives of Smart Specialisation is based on the entrepreneurial discovery process, starting from the valorisation of the key enabling technologies to create new entrepreneurial ventures as well as to renew and make the existing ones more competitive. The dynamics enabling this process of intelligent growth are coherent with the current debate on innovation ecosystems and the systemic approach to regional development. Aimed at providing an explanation of those trends and scenarios, the chapter will present some implications for the political agendas of institutions and researchers. After the identification and analysis of some best practices at the European level, the chapter explores a set of actions useful for defining a set of priorities for a political agenda able to support the development of entrepreneurial attitudes and behaviours, mainly in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in universities and in public institutions.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Asheim, B. T., & Coenen, L. (2006). Contextualising regional innovation systems in a globalizing learning economy: On knowledge bases and institutional frameworks. Journal of Technology Transfer, 31(1), 163–173. CrossRef
Asheim, B. T., & Gertler, M. S. (2005). The geography of innovation: Regional innovation systems. In J. Fagerberg, D. Mowery, & R. Nelson (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of innovation (pp. 291–317). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Audretsch, D. B., Bönte, W., & Keilbach, M. (2008). Entrepreneurship capital and its impact on knowledge diffusion and economic performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 23(6), 687–698. CrossRef
Audretsch, D. B., & Thurik, A. R. (2001). What’s new about The New Economy? Sources of growth in the managed and entrepreneurial economies. Industrial and Corporate Change, 10(1), March, 267–315.
Carayannis, E. G., & Campbell, D. F. J. (2009). Mode 3 and quadruple helix: Toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem. International Journal of Technology Management, 46(3–4), 201–234. CrossRef
Carayannis, E. G., & Campbell, D. F. J. (2011). Open innovation diplomacy and a 21st century Fractal Research, Education and Innovation (FREIE) ecosystem: Building on the quadruple and quintuple helix innovation concepts and the ‘Mode 3’ knowledge production system. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 2(3), September, 327–372.
Department for Business Innovation and Skills. 2015. Smart Specialisation in England, Submission to the European Commission, April 2015.
EC (European Commission). (2012). Guide to Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisations (RIS 3). Regional Policy, Brussels.
Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. (2000). The dynamics of innovation: From national systems and ‘Mode 2’ to a triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Research Policy, 29(2), 109–123. CrossRef
Foray, D. (2013). Smart specialisation and the New Industrial Policy agenda. Policy Brief No. 8, Innovation for Growth—i4g.
Foray, D., David, P. A., & Hall, B. H. (2011). Smart specialization. From academic idea to political instrument, the surprising career of a concept and the difficulties involved in its implementation. TEI Working Paper November, 2011, MTEI-Working Paper 2011-001, Management of Technology & Entrepreneurship Institute, College of Management of Technology.
Foray, D., & Rainoldi, A. (2013). Smart Specialisation programmes and implementation. S3 Policy Brief Series No. 02/2013, European Commission, Joint Research Centre Institute for Prospective Technological Studies.
Gibb, A., Haskins, G., & Robertson, I. (2009). Leading the entrepreneurial university. The paper published in cooperation with NCGE & Oxford University’s Said Business School (2009).
Haussmann, R., & Rodrik, D. (2003). Economic development as self-discovery. Journal of Development Economics, 72, 603-633, December.
Mazzucato, M. (2013). The entrepreneurial state: Debunking public vs. private sector myths (Vol. 1). Anthem Press.
Mazzucato, M. (2015). Building the entrepreneurial state: A new framework for envisioning and evaluating a mission-oriented public sector. Working Paper No. 824, Levy Economics Institute.
McCann, P., & Ortega-Argilés, R.. (2011). Smart specialisation, regional growth and applications to EU cohesion policy. Economic Geography Working Paper 2011, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen.
Namzeti Innovacios Hivatal. (2014). National Smart Specialisation Strategy. National Smart Specialisation in Poland, Executive Summary.
OECD. (2010). Typology of regional innovation systems. In 20th Session of the Working Party on Territorial Indicators. OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2013). Innovation-driven growth in regions: The role of smart specialisation. Preliminary version. OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2014). Territorial reviews: The Netherlands 2014. OECD Publishing.
Porter, M. E. (1986). Competition in global industries. Harvard Business Press.
Regulation (EU) No. 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No. 1083/2006.
Romano, A. (2013). Mezzogiorno 2025. I cantieri immateriali per la crescita e l’occupazione. Bari, Italy: Cacucci Editore.
Romano, A., Passiante, G., Del Vecchio, P., & Secundo, G. (2014). The innovation ecosystem as booster for the innovative entrepreneurship in the smart specialization strategy. International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, 5(3), 271–288. CrossRef
Romer, P. M. (1994). The origins of endogenous growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 8(1), 3-22, Winter.
Technopolis Group Belgium, Fraunhofer ISI, and Maastricht University (UNU MERIT). (2011). Regional innovation monitor. Innovation patterns and innovation policy in European regions—Trends, challenges and perspectives 2010 annual. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/policy/regional-innovation/monitor/
Thurik, A. R. (2008). Entrepreneurship, economic growth and policy in emerging economies (No. ERS-2008-060-ORG). ERIM Report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/13318
Thurik, A. R., Stam, E., & Audretsch, D. B. (2013). The rise of the entrepreneurial economy and the future of dynamic capitalism. Technovation, 33, 302–310. CrossRef
Wintjes, R., & Hollanders, H. (2010). The regional impact of technological change in 2020. Synthesis Report. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/2010_technological_change.pdf
Wintjes, R., & Hollanders, H. (2011). Innovation pathways and policy challenges at the regional level: Smart specialization. UNU-MERIT Working Papers ISSN 1871-9872.
- Technology-Driven Entrepreneurship Within the Framework of Regional Development Policies
Pasquale Del Vecchio
Marco De Maggio
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta