The Naval Construction Battalion Center (NCBC) in Gulfport, Mississippi was used as a storage and transshipment facility for Herbicide Orange (HO) earmarked for vegetation control in Southeast Asia. HO is composed of a 50:50 mixture of the N-butyl esters of 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Following a 1971 EPA ban on the use of herbicides containing 2,4,5-T, remaining U.S. stocks of HO were delivered to NCBC for storage pending ultimate disposal. The ban was based on the trace level contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) present in 2,4,5-T. TCDD occurred at an average concentration of 2.0 parts per million in HO. The drummed HO remained in storage until 1977 when it was dedrummed, transferred to the incinerator ship Vulcanus, and subsequently destroyed by incineration in the central Pacific Ocean.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Test of a Transportable Full-Scale Rotary Kiln Incinerator on Herbicide-Orange Contaminated Soil at the Naval Construction Battalion Center, Gulfport, Mississippi
MAJ, USAF Terry L. Stoddart
Jeffrey J. Short
- Springer Netherlands
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