As soon as a chemical is released into the aquatic environment, it is subjected to an array of transport, transfer and transformation processes. Hydrodynamic transport is described in terms of advective and turbulent dispersive forces and occurs simultaneously with transfers to sorbed forms and irreversible transformation processes. In time, as a result of dilution, speciation and transformation, environmental concentration gradients of the chemical are established.
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- The Aquatic Environment
- Springer Netherlands
- Chapter 6