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Erschienen in: Society 6/2022

18.08.2022 | Original Article

The Critical Masses: The Rise of Contemporary Populism and Its Relation to Solidarity, Systems, and Lifeworlds

verfasst von: Daniel Jaster, Ori Swed, Bruno Frère

Erschienen in: Society | Ausgabe 6/2022

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Abstract

This paper examines the contemporary spread of populism across the globe. We argue that populist movements worldwide are responses to the colonization of lifeworlds by increasingly opaque knowledge and regulatory systems. The complexity of the systems that regulate and control the day-to-day life of individuals from afar makes these systems alien and incomprehensible, and consequently perceived as illogical and oppressive. To regain a sense of autonomy, actors have reasserted a way of thinking and acting contrary to the organic web of global interdependence, seeking independence from communities outside the known lifeworld via revitalized community control and an emphasis upon qualities resembling mechanical solidarity. We evidence this claim by comparing two contemporary phenomena which seem to be distinct events until interpreted in this way: movements against international humanitarian law and the French Gilets Jaunes. We conclude by discussing the implications for those interested in contemporary populist events in the USA and abroad and the role of scientists in communicating our findings.
Fußnoten
1
The authors’ review of active conflicts using The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project shows that over 95% of conflict involves nonstate actors.
 
2
Not truly extreme right-wing demonstrators (Shultziner and Kornblit 2020; Mahfud and Adam-Trioian 2021).
 
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Metadaten
Titel
The Critical Masses: The Rise of Contemporary Populism and Its Relation to Solidarity, Systems, and Lifeworlds
verfasst von
Daniel Jaster
Ori Swed
Bruno Frère
Publikationsdatum
18.08.2022
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Society / Ausgabe 6/2022
Print ISSN: 0147-2011
Elektronische ISSN: 1936-4725
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12115-022-00746-4

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