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Biomass is a special source of renewable energy in a number of ways. First, it can directly provide all three types of energy carriers: electricity, heat, and fuel (liquids, solids, and gas). Second, it is easily storable and dispatchable, and when there is not enough sun or wind, biomass-fired generators can be ramped up as need be. Third, the major drawback: Biomass requires strict management to be sustainable. No matter how many solar panels we install, we will not use up the sun any faster, nor will we measurably reduce the amount of wind on Earth if we keep installing wind turbines. But with biomass, we have to avoid resource depletion, prevent monocultures from reducing biodiversity, and ensure that the energy needs of rich countries are not met at the expense of food needs in poor countries.
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Act on Production Subsidy for Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources (1396/2010) (2010), Finland, 2010.
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Danish Energy Agency (DEA) (2012a), Analyse af Bioenergi i Danmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2012.
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- The Current Situation and Perspectives on the Use of Biomass in the Generation of Electricity
Jorge Morales Pedraza
- Chapter 7