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2021 | Buch

The Dynamics of Russia’s Geopolitics

Remaking the Global Order

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Über dieses Buch

This book provides an understanding of Russia’s geopolitical strategic interests as well as a larger picture of its political realities. It shares insights on how to understand and solve the problems affecting US-Russian relations and the world.The book addresses three primary questions relevant to the current global context: Will current geopolitical shifts greatly benefit Russia’s long-term global objectives? What foreign policy will Russia pursue in the Middle East and the Baltic regions to guarantee the security of its strategic interests? And will major powers confront one another over resources that could trigger military conflict, or will they choose appeasement to maintain peace and stability in this new era? Thus, the book offers insights into the future geopolitical landscape. It therefore is a must-read for scholars, researchers of international relations and political science, as well as professionals, practitioners and analysts, interested in a better understanding of the changing global order and Russia’s geopolitical strategic interests.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter
Chapter 1. An Overview of Russia’s Geopolitics
Abstract
Economic and political inquires on the domestic and global challenges facing Russia have continued since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. On the domestic political front, Russia encountered profound challenges in 1993 as opposition from the executive and legislative branches disputed Russia’s political direction. About a decade later, under the leadership of Vladimir Putin, Russia embarked on a new well-resourced and coordinated global strategy designed to expand its outreach and influence while simultaneously promoting its commercial, military, and energy interests. It came at a time of strained U.S.–Russian relations, ongoing Middle Eastern upheavals, Latin America turmoil, Russian–Chinese rapprochement, and other concurrent global geopolitical shifts. Russia has now prioritized its strategy with an agenda for domestic objectives and global projections.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 2. History of Russia
Abstract
It would be impossible to address the extensive history of the Russian empire in a few pages.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 3. Russia’s Sources of Power
Abstract
Russia impels its power from both its military forces and energy sources. Both have provided the foundation on which Russia has derived its influence. Russia’s abundant oil and natural gas is a strong political tool to further its regional and global agendas. Militarily, Russia’s short-and long-term strategy has been to use its military apparatus to advance its agenda. In the aftermath of both Russia and the U.S. suspending the INF Treaty, Moscow has already embarked on developing a new generation of medium-range nuclear missiles. It appears inevitable that Russia will deploy next generation missiles near the Baltic region and the borders of Eastern European countries. Obviously, it remains to be seen whether, and if so, to what extent Russia’s sources of power will reshape the world order as Moscow increases its presence in the Middle East and threatens peace and stability in the Baltic region.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 4. The United States—Russian Relations: Past, Present, and Future
Abstract
Historically, U.S.-Russian relations include some 200 years since the two countries first shared multifaceted diplomatic relations. As global dynamics changed, Russia and the U.S. started competing for political, ideological, and economic influence. They also cooperated when facing challenges that represented a threat to their national interests. Many of the Western and European governments perceived the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union to be the end of the Cold War. Many in the Washington establishment thought the Cold War ended and the U.S. won. Time and reality has proved otherwise. U.S.-Russian relations embarked on new dimensions, both bilaterally and multilaterally. The mistrust that has continued to the present threatens to thrust the relationship into even more geopolitical competition in the regions of Middle East, Latin America, Europe, and Africa.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 5. The United States–Russian Rivalry
Abstract
Unfortunately, the U.S.–Russian rivalry did not end after the 1991 devolution of the USSR. Currently, the world witnesses an aggressive Russia backed by its powerful military support and economic incentives. For several underlying reasons, this rivalry will only intensify in the coming years. The recent Ukraine crisis demonstrates that it ended the so-called post-Cold War era—though the Cold War never ended in the first place. Its proclaimed ending with a Western victory was an illusion brought on by the West trying to justify its policies toward Russia. While the U.S.–Russian rivalry, since its inception, was mainly focused on Europe and Russia’s neighborhood, it is now a bygone era. Today this rivalry manifests itself in the Middle East, Latin America, North Africa, and of course, Europe.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 6. Outlook for the Russian Federation
Abstract
Russia expects to have a beneficial and positive impact on the global order by employing a variety of means including cyber, economic, intelligence, and military instruments. The U.S.’s “leading from behind” approach with diplomacy contributes to a chaotic global order, creating a vacuum that Russia and China quickly fill. This is paving a way for the reemergence of a multipolar world with Russia playing a powerful role. Yet, questions remain unanswered as to how the current Russian political elites failed to offer Russian citizens a clear vision to promote equity, economic opportunities, and a compelling long-term vision beyond negative propaganda against the West. Now that the annexation of Crimea is a fait accompli, will Putin’s objectives lie far beyond Russia’s periphery? Success for Putin’s global activism depends greatly on whether he can secure the cooperation of his neighbors.
David Oualaalou
Chapter 7. Russia’s Road to the Future
Abstract
Russian observers ponder which road Russia will chose for its future. Undoubtedly, the global order in 2020, managed for decades by the U.S., is showing significant hairline cracks. It is only a matter of time before these cracks in the international order dangerously expand and contribute to a crumbling and failed system. The rise of China, the annexation of Crimea, the rising tensions in the Persian Gulf, and the reemergence of the Taliban portend the inevitable collapse of the present order. One key question looms large: What will the future of the Arctic look like now that Russia is mobilizing its military assets and operations for the region? This reality has departed significantly from Mikhail Gorbachev’s 1987 Murmansk speech when he defined the Arctic as a “zone of peace.”
David Oualaalou
Backmatter
Metadaten
Titel
The Dynamics of Russia’s Geopolitics
verfasst von
Dr. David Oualaalou
Copyright-Jahr
2021
Electronic ISBN
978-3-030-58255-5
Print ISBN
978-3-030-58254-8
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58255-5