One of the major trends in industrial societies has been the rise of single-parent families. As a result of out-of-wedlock births and divorce, about 25 percent of children in the United States live with only one parent, mostly the mother. Teenagers contribute a large share to out-of-wedlock births, especially in the United States which has the highest teenage fertility rate among industrial countries. Research on teenage fertility has uniformly shown that both mothers and children fare worse in life than they would if fertility had been postponed. More recently, researchers have also examined the social and economic consequences of divorce. They have found that divorce in the United States has a negative impact on the subsequent economic circumstances of the women and children involved. Post-divorce family income is lower than pre-divorce income and stays lower for those women who do not remarry (Duncan and Hoffman 1985; Espenshade 1979; Hoffman and Duncan 1988; Smock 1993). Burkhauser et al. (1990, 1991) examined whether the post-divorce decrease in income found for the United States also occurs in West Germany. They suggested that the stronger income support programs in West Germany might shelter women and children from the negative economic consequences of divorce. However, Burkhauser and his colleagues found that the negative economic consequences of divorce were as strong and even stronger in West Germany than in the United States.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- The Effects of Household Structure on Educational Attainment and Vocational Training in West Germany
Roger A. Wojtkiewicz
- Physica-Verlag HD
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