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The many innovations of the indigenous Chinese aerospace industry that propelled China into its current global position have been and are associated with state policy. We discuss the activities of the entrepreneurial Chinese state and its comparative advantage in making judgemental decision during uncertainty. By exploring how the entrepreneurial state has tackled events in the context of entrepreneurial crisis or entrepreneurial opportunity, we gain insight into the internal and external forces driving aerospace conglomerates AVIC, CASC, CASIC and COMAC’s re-combinative innovation.
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Yu’s examples of entrepreneurial states include Taiwan and Singapore.
Mark Casson’s entrepreneur synthesized existing work and encompassed Richard Cantillon’s theory of risk-bearing, Frank Knight’s theory of uncertainty-bearing, Joseph Schumpeter’s theory of innovation, Friedrich Hayek’s theory of distributed knowledge, Israel Kirzner’s theory of opportunity-seeking and William Baumol’s theory of incentives.
Zhao received his Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1938 and returned to China afterwards. He committed suicide in 1968 after being purged by the Red Guards. He was commemorated for his achievement in 1985 and 1999 by the Chinese government. See “ 赵九章、姚桐斌: 因“无可厚非”的文革而死”, accessed on 1 September 2016 from http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_51ad29e30101dbbb.html.
Yao gained his doctorate from the University of Birmingham in 1951; he then pursued post-doctorate research in London (the Imperial College) between 1952 and 1953 before working in Germany. He returned to China in 1967 and died at the age of 45. It was alleged that he had been tortured by the Red Guards in 1968 before his death. The Chinese government awarded him a national prize to commemorate his achievement in 1985. See “两弹一星元勋姚桐斌惨死在文革中”, accessed on 1 September 2016 from http://bbs.tianya.cn/post-worldlook-977846-1.shtml.
There is no foreign investment in the military aviation cluster grew out of Nanchang.
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- The Entrepreneurial State in Innovation
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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