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Kosovo as a new country has many challenges to protect the environment. It was a territory with no effective environmental protection in the past, and now this is one of its main international commitments. It also has to enforce a legal system that has its origin in the legislation adopted by the United Nations Mission under the mandate of Security Council Resolution 1244/99 (UNMIK), and that has to incorporate the European Union Environmental law acquis to strengthen its relationship with it. Kosovo has some of the most polluted sites in Europe affecting both human health and the environment. Like many countries, it experiences serious problems of enforcement due to lack of human resources and expertise and weak governance as well as corruption and organized crime. These problems are at the root of illegal practices that are openly carried on in most of the territory of Kosovo: illegal logging, illegal hunting, illegal waste management, illegal building, destruction of cultural heritage of minorities, etc. They are aggravated by the lack of public and private sectors capable of assuming responsibility for services still carried out by the State or the EU Mission for the Rule of Law (EULEX). The informal sector is still providing most of the environmental-related services, in some cases contravening the recently adopted environmental legislation. In this scenario, is it possible for the EU to export its legal model of environmental protection to Kosovo, including the possibility of protecting the environment through criminal law?
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- The EU Action to Protect the Environment in Kosovo and to Fight Environmental Crime
Teresa Fajardo del Castillo
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen