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This chapter, by Nigerian scholar Adekeye Adebajo, focuses on security in relations between Africa and the European Union (EU). He provides a historical account of the security role played by European powers in Africa, highlighting the differences in approach taken by Britain, France, and Germany, and assesses the EU’s evolving present-day military role on the continent. Drawing on case studies of European interventions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Chad, and the Central African Republic (CAR), the chapter questions the effectiveness of the EU’s security operations on the continent. Despite the EU’s increasingly sophisticated security architecture, Adebajo argues that the EU has been more concerned with maintaining its position as a net provider of security globally than with achieving genuine and sustainable peace in Africa. He further argues that the EU could play a more effective security role in Africa by providing support for the strengthening of Africa’s regional bodies; strengthening the peacekeeping capacity of the United Nations (UN) by placing European troops under its umbrella; supporting more effective burden-sharing between the UN and African organisations; and continuing to support efforts to reform and democratise the UN Security Council for greater African representation.
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