Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The period from the end of the Cold War to the onset of the financial crisis and the Russian invasion of Georgia in 2008 can be thought of as one of strategic unconsciousness. This was also a period in which the EU was guided by the belief in its normative power and post-modern attractiveness. The popular assumptions underlying The End of History only encouraged the assumption the liberal democracy had triumphed and that for the EU it was sufficient to rely upon itself as exemplar to drive its external actions. The Union’s flagship external policy towards its neighbourhood to the east and to the south was an expression of triumphalism, not strategy. The combination of strategic unconsciousness and normative hubris not only contributed to an existential crisis in the Union’s external actions, but also raised broader questions about the role and purpose of integration.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Association Agreement. 2014. Association Agreement between the European Union and Its Member States, on the One Part, and Ukraine, on the Other, Brussels, 21 March.
Börzel, T.A., and T. Risse. 2009. Diffusing (Inter-) Regionalism: The EU as a Model of Regional Integration, KFG (Kolleg-Forschergruppe). Working Paper Series, No.7, September.
Caffarela, J., H. Gambhir, and K. Zimmerman. 2016. U.S. Grand Strategy: Destroying ISIA and Al Qaeda, Report Three, Institute for the Study of War, February.
Cooper, R. 2003. The Breaking of Nations: Order and Chaos in the Twenty-First Century. London: Atlantic Books.
Costello, C. 2016. “It Need Not Be Like This” in “Destination Europe”, Forced Migration Review, January.
EEAS. 2015. The EU in a Changing Global Environment: A More Connected, Contested and Complex World, available at http://eeas.europa.eu/docs/strategic_review/eu-strategic-review_strategic_review_en.pdf
ESPAS. 2014. Global Trends to 2030: Can the EU Meet the Challenges Ahead?, European Strategy and Policy Analysis System.
Eurobarometer. 2014. Public Opinion in the EU, Standard Eurobarometer 82, Autumn.
European Commission. 2001b. European Governance—A White Paper. COM(2001) 428 Final, Brussels.
———. 2016. Restrictive Measures (Sanctions) in Force, Updated 20 April.
European Security Strategy. 2003. A Secure Europe in a Better World: European Security Strategy, Brussels, 12 December.
Fägersten, B. 2012. Eurozone Foreign Policy and the Eurozone Crisis: A Swedish Perspective, UI Analysis, Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
Freedom House. 2015. Freedom in the World 2015 (Freedom House), available at https://freedomhouse.org/sites/default/files/01152015_FIW_2015_final.pdf
Hooghe, L., and G. Marks.2008. A Postfunctionalist Theory of European Integration: From Permissive Consensus to Constraining Dissensus. British Journal of Political Science 39: 1–23. CrossRef
Kagan, R. 2003. Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Mahony, H. 2014. Orban Wants to Build “Illiberal State”, EU Observer, 28 July.
Manners, I. 2002. Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms? Journal of Common Market Studies 40(2): 235–258. CrossRef
Manners, I. 2008. The Normative Ethics of the EU. International Affairs 84(1): 45–60. CrossRef
Matthijs, M., and D. Kelemen. 2015. Europe Reborn: How to Save the EU from Irrelevance. Foreign Affairs 94: 96–107.
Mayer, H. 2008. Is It Still Called “Chinese Whispers”? The EU’s Rhetoric and Action as a Responsible Global Institution. International Affairs 84(1): 61–79. CrossRef
Mearsheimer, J. 2014. Why Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault. Foreign Affairs 93(5, September/October): 77–90.
Mogherini, F. 2014. Opening Statement by Federica Mogherini, Vice-President Designate of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, at the hearing in the European Parliament, 141007/03, Brussels, 7 October.
Mogherini, F 2015. Remarks by the High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the EU-ISS Annual Conference, Brussels, 151009-96, 9 October.
Packer, G. 2014. The Birth of the New Century. Foreign Policy (209, November/December): 53–55.
Sakwa, R.2015. Frontline Ukraine: Crisis in the Borderlands. London: I.B. Tauris.
Schimmelfennig, F. 2015. European Integration in the Euro Crisis: The Limits of Postfunctionalism. In Coping with Crisis: Europe’s Challenges and Strategies, ed. J. Tosun, A. Wetzel, and G. Zapryanova. Abingdon: Routledge.
Smith, K. 2005. Still “Civilian Power” EU?, European Foreign Policy Unit Working Papers. London: London School of Economics.
Smith, M.2013. Beyond the Comfort Zone: Internal Crisis and External Challenge in the EU’s Response to Rising Powers. International Affairs 89(3): 653–671. CrossRef
Spence, D., and J. Bàtora, eds. 2015. Introduction. In The European External Action Service: European Diplomacy Post-Westphalia. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Swing, W.L. 2016. “The Mediterranean Challenge within a World of Humanitarian Crises”, “Destination Europe”, Forced Migration Review, January.
Teffer, P. 2015. Up to 5,000 Europeans Joined Jihad, Europol Chief Says, EU Observer, 14 January.
Vaïsse, J., and H. Kundnani et al. 2012. European Foreign Policy Scorecard 2012. European Council on Foreign Relations, January.
- The EU’s Strategic Unconsciousness and Normative Hubris
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
- Chapter 2
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia