Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The European Union (EU) is the world leading producer of wine and it accounts for 45% of world wine-growing areas, 65% of production, and 70% of exports in global terms (https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/wine_en). The entire EU production is regulated under the framework of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and the single Common Market Organization (CMO). Nowadays, wine policy is one of the most articulate laws of the CAP and this is due to the complexity and heterogeneity of the policymakers, institutions and organizations involved, and the international scenario. The latest reform of the CAP was decided in 2013 that mostly renews the measures and approaches initiated during the 2008 wine reform which reorganized the way the EU wine market was managed, in order to ensure EU wine production matches demand, and redirect spending to make European wine more competitive.
The aim of this chapter will be to examine the evolution of EU wine policies through three main policy orientations: “price and income support”; “quality of wine”; “competitiveness”. The chapater is organized as follows. Section 13.2 "The development of European Wine Policies: objectives" highlights the historical instruments implemented through three policy orientations). Section 13.3 "Historical expenditure and provisional distribution" analyzes the budget expenditures of each phase described (from 1970 to 2015). Section 13.4 "The EU system of Wine classification" analyzes the EU system of wine classification, the international debate, and the role of World Trade Organization (WTO) and the protection model of traditional wine terms and their origins.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Anderson, K., ed. 2004. The world’s wine markets: Globalization at work. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
———. 2010. Excise and import taxes on wine versus beer and spirit: An international comparison. Economic Papers 29 (2): 215–228. CrossRef
———. 2014. Excise taxes on wines, beers and spirits: An updated international comparison. Working paper No. 170, American Association of Wine Economists, October.
Anderson, K., and H. Jensen. 2016. How much does the European Union assist its wine producers? Journal of Wine Economics 11 (2): 289–305. CrossRef
Appiano, E.M., and S. Dindo. 2007. Le Pratiche Enologiche e la Tutela delle Denominazioni d’Origine nell’Accordo UE/USA sul Commercio Del vino. Contratto e impresa/Europa, Cedam 12 (1): 455–500.
Cogeca. 2014. Study on the competitiveness of European wines: Final report. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/external-studies/2014/eu-wines/fulltext_en.pdf
Corsinovi, P., and D. Gaeta. 2015. Managing the quality wines beyond policies and business strategies. Review of Contemporary Business Research 4 (1): 24–31. CrossRef
———. 2016. The EU wine policy orientations through the budget expenditure analysis (1970–2015). Annual American Association of Wine Economists (AAWE) June 21–25, 2016, Bordeaux (France).
———. 2017. EU wine policies and their consequences on the global wine trade. Economia Agroalimentare/Food Economy 19 (1): 59–88.
Council Regulation (EC) No. 1493/1999 of 17 May 1999 on the common organization of the market in wine.
Council Regulation (EC) No. 479/2008 of 29 April 2008 on the common organisation of the market in wine, amending Regulations (EC) Nos. 1493/1999, 1782/2003, 1290/2005, and 3/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) Nos. 2392/86 and 1493/1999.
Council Regulation (EC) No. 607/2009 of 14 July 2009 laying down certain detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No. 479/2008 as regards protected designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional terms, labelling and presentation of certain wine sector products.
Council Regulation (EEC) No. 816/70 of 28 April 1970 laying down additional provisions for the common organization of the market in wine.
Council Regulation (EEC) No. 817/70 of 28 April 1970 laying down special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specific regions.
Council Regulation (EEC) No. 822/87 of 16 March 1987 on the common organization of the market in wine.
Council Regulation (EEC) No. 823/87 of 16 March 1987 laying down special provisions relating to quality wines produced in specified regions.
Dal Bianco, A., V. Boatto, F. Caracciolo, and F.G. Santeramo. 2016. Tariffs and non tariff frictions in the world wine trade. European Review of Agricultural Economics 43 (1): 31–57. CrossRef
Deconinck, K., and J. Swinnen. 2014. The political economy of geographical indications. AAWE working paper No. 174, December.
European Commission. 2002. DG Agriculture Tender AGRI/Evaluation/2002/6: “Ex-post evaluation of the Common Market Organisation for wine”. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/eval/reports/wine/fullrep_en.pdf
———. 2006. Towards a sustainable European wine sector. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament.
Gaeta, D., and P. Corsinovi. 2014. Economics, governance, and politics in the wine market: European Union developments. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Josling, T. 2006. The war on terroir: Geographical indications as a transatlantic trade conflict. Journal of Agriculture Economics 57 (3): 337–363. CrossRef
Mariani, A., E. Pomarici, and V. Boatto. 2012. The international wine trade: Recent trends and critical issues. Wine Economics and Politics 1 (1): 24–40. CrossRef
Meloni, G., and J.F.M. Swinnen. 2013. The political economy of European wine regulations. Journal of Wine Economics 8 (3): 244–284. CrossRef
Montaigne, E., and A. Coelho. 2006. Reform of the common organisation of the market. In Wine Study Requested by The European Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Brussels.
Moschini, G., L. Menapace, and D. Pick. 2008. Geographical indications and the competitive provision of quality in agricultural markets. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 90 (3): 794–812. CrossRef
Muscatine, D., A.M. Amerin, and B. Thompson. 1984. Book of California wine. Berkeley, Los Angeles/London: University of California Press/Sotheby Publications.
Niederbacher, A. 1983. Wine in the European Community. Office for Official Publication of the European Communities, Periodical 2/3-1983, Luxembourg.
OIV. 2016. State of the vitiviniculture world market (April 2016). Available at http://www.oiv.int/public/medias/4710/oiv-noteconjmars2016-en.pdf
Pomarici, E., and R. Sardone. 2001. Il Settore Vitivinicolo In Italia. Strutture Produttive, Mercati e Competitività alla Luce della Nuova Organizzazione Comune di Mercato. Roma: Studi & Ricerche, INEA.
———. 2009. L’OCM Vino. La Difficile Transazione Verso una Strategia di Comparto. Roma: INEA.
Rickard, B.J., O. Gergaud, S. Ho, and W. Hu. 2014. Trade liberalization in the presence of domestic regulations: Impacts of the proposed EU-U.S free trade agreement on wine market. AAWE working paper No. 173, November 2014.
Spahni, P. 1988. The common wine policy and price stabilization. Aldershot/Brookfeild: Avebury.
- The European Wine Policies: Regulations and Strategies
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta