The textile industry processes natural and synthetic fibers into fabrics for domestic and industrial use. The majority of textile mills employs full processing of textile goods being a combination of pretreatment, bleaching, dyeing, printing and functional finishing. As a result of these so called “wet” processes textile effluents carry away the impurities and pollutants from the fibers as well as used up the textile chemicals into water courses, directly or indirectly. Therefore, the textile industry, to be exact, the textile wet processing sector is seen by water authorities at local and national level, environmental organizations and public opinion as a user of significant amounts of good quality water and a heavy polluter of water courses. The textile effluents usually have a bad effects on aquatic systems leading in turn to penalties, charges for disposal and severe restrictions upon the textile processors. Additionally, the textile effluents, with regard to their specific constituents, make a lot of troubles for sewage treatment plant operators.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- The Evaluation of Textile Aids and Chemicals Used by The Textile Industry in order to Reduce Environmental Impact
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg