Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
We extend our physical selfs, perceptual and cognitive realities as well as memories and imagination through countless technical inventions and conceptual systems. In his book The Extended Phenotype, the biologist Richard Dawkins, suggests that in the biological world such extensions are so important that, for instance, the dams and water regulation systems of the beaver should be included in the biological definition of the species of the beaver. Similarly, our countless constructions, structures, technical systems as well as intellectual discoveries, ought to be included in the definition of Homo Sapiens, but we still continue to see ourselves limited by our skin. Altogether, we tend to think of our environments in terms of isolated, definable objects and entities, rather than dynamic and constantly interactive and expanding systems. Architecture is likewise seen as material aestheticized structures that are external to us, rather than as part of our biological and mental constitution. However, our environments from intimate objects to rooms, buildings, cities, regions and all the way to the entire world and the universe, can also be regarded as part of our material, perceptual, and conceptual reality. Instead of being seen as material objects and buildings, architecture should be regarded as an active entity which very concretely mediates our relationships with the world through space and time. Human history, culture, and collective consciousness widen our world of thought and action beyond material boundaries. Through our structures, we, humans, turn limitless, shapeless and meaningless space into lived space with human meanings. We also regard architecture as an aesthetic expression of its architect, but Maurice Merleau-Ponty argues thought provokingly: “We come to see not the work of art, but the world according to the work”. Architecture has a crucial role in the constitution of the human world, both material and mental.
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Stephen, J. (2012). Pyne, fire (p. 47). London: Reaktion Books.
Vitruvius (1960) Capter I: The origin of the dwelling house. In The ten books on architecture (M. H. Morgan, Trans.) (p. 38). New York: Dover Publications.
Bachelard, G. (1988). The psychoanalysis of fire (Boston: Beacon Press, 1964), and; the flame of a candle. Dallas, Texas: The Dallas Institute Publications.
Ong, W. J. (1991). Orality & literacy—The technologizing of the word (p. 121). London and New York: Routledge.
Zeki, S., & Vision, Inner. (1999). An exploration of art and the brain (p. 1). New York: Oxford University Press.
Brodsky, J. (1997). An immodest proposal. In On grief and reason (p. 208). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Appleton, J. (1975). The experience of landscape. London: John Wiley.
Hildebrand, G. (1991). The wright space: Pattern & meaning in frank lloyd wright’s houses. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Hildebrand, G. (1999). Origins of architectural pleasure (p. 5). Berkeley, Los Angele, London: University of California Press.
Wilson, E. O. (1984). Biophilia: The human bond with other species (p. 20). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1969). The intertwining—The chiasm. In C. Lefort (Ed.), The visible and the invisible. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. “My body is made of the same flesh as the world […], and moreover […] this flesh of my body is shared by the world” (248), and: “The flesh [of the world or my own] is […] a texture that returns to itself and conforms to itself” (146).
Semir Zeki, quoting Henri, M., op.cit., 4.
Soesmann, A. (1998). Our twelve senses: Wellsprings of the soul. Stroud, Glouchestershire, Worchester, UK: Hawthorn Press,.
Howes, D. (ed.). (2011). The sixth sense reader (pp. 23–24). New York: Berg.
Griffero, T. (2017). Quasi-things: The paradigm of atmospheres. Albany: State University of New York.
“Our Second Brain” is the title of a French television document on the human intestinal bacterial universe and its biological functions. The film was shown in Finnish television in the sumer of 2017.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1993). The introduction, In D. M. Levin (Ed.) Modernity and the hegemony of vision (p. 14). Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press.
Dawkins, R. (1982). The extended phenotype. New York: Oxford University Press.
For the marvels of animal architecture, see Juhani Pallasmaa, Animal Architecture (Helsinki, Museum of Finnish Architecture, 1995). A few years ago I was invited to lecture in a conference in Venice of biologists, mathematicians and computer scientists on “What Can We Learn from Swarming Insects” organized by the Institute of Living Technology. Such an events suggests a growing interest in animal building behaviour and the human application of these frequently nearly unbelievable skills brought about by millions of years of evolution.
Buckminster Fuller, R., McHale, J. (1963). The world resources inventory. The series of publications published by Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, were Initiated by Fuller in 1963 at the Conference of the International Union of Architects in London.
Hall, E. T. (1966, 1982). The hidden dimension. New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Auckland: Anchor Books.
Robert Pogue Harrison. (2008). Gardens: An essay on the human condition (p. 130). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. CrossRef
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1962). The phenomenology of perception (p. 409). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Noë, A. (2009). Out of our heads: Why you are not your brains, and other lessons from the biology of consciousness. Hill and Wang: New York, London, Toronto.
Juhani, P. (2012). On atmospheres: Peripheral perception and existential experiences. In Encounters 2: Juhani Pallasmaa—Architectural Essays (pp. 238–251). Helsinki: Rakennustieto Publishing.
As quoted in Sarah Robinson, Dewey, J. (2015). The dialogue between architecture and neuroscience (p. 3). In ARQ architectural research quarterly. Cambridge: University Press.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty as quoted in McGilchrist. I. (2010). The master and his emissary: The divided bRain and the making of the western world (p. 409). New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Rainer Maria Rilke as quoted in Lukijalle [to the reader], Rainer Maria Rilke, Hiljainen Taiteen Sisin: Kirjeitä vuosilta 1900–1926 [†he silent innermost core of art: letters 1900–1926), Liisa Ehnwald, ed. (Helsinki: TAI-teos, 1997), 8.
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. (2008). The phenomenon of man. London: Harper & Row.
Dewey, J. (1934). Art as experience (p. 4). New York: Putnam’s.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1964). Cézanne’s doubt. In Sense and non-sense (p. 19). Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.
Cornelius Castoriadis as in Modell, A. H. (2006). Imagination and the meaningful brain. Cambridge, MA and London, England: The MIT Press.
- The Extended Domicile—Culture, Embodied Existence and the Senses
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