In this first chapter we will present the fathers of the quadratic reciprocity law. Although some results on quadratic residues modulo 10 have been found very early on (see [Ene]) — in connection with the problem of characterizing perfect squares — the history of modern number theory starts with the editions of the books of Diophantus, in particular with the commented edition by Bachet in 1621.
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- The Genesis of Quadratic Reciprocity
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg