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An already bad situation, with the added effects of COVID-19, has unveiled an explosive and cruel reality for workers, society and the environment in general. What has now become a reality, after being reshaped for the past 70 years, especially in Brazil, has revealed the simultaneous coexistence of regressive and ghostly forms (based on technological advances), associated with more rigid practices of labour control. As such, based on Taylorist-Fordist-Toyotist foundations, and under the auspices of technological development and information technology (IT), and now in the second decade of the twenty-first century of digital platforms, the brand of what we call systemic labour degradation is being imposed. The proliferation of outsourcing and platforms are imposing the dismantling of protection rights orchestrated by the State and other bodies linked to the interests of capital and the bourgeoisie. In the course of our research, the forms of (de)realisation, exploitation, subordination, etc., have allowed us to capture the contradictions and territorial dynamics of class conflicts, revealed through the existing plasticity, whether they are peasants, workers, employees in general, Quilombolas, men, women, formal employees or informal, temporary, self-employed, subordinate freelancers, etc. It gives us no pleasure to envisage that within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of unemployed workers could rise by 30 or 40% by the end of 2020, totalling 40 million unemployed and disillusioned, and the situation could be even more explosive in the post-pandemic era. The Geography of Labour produced under the CEGeT has been applied to studies and critical analyses in order to understand the objectified mechanisms of the complex process guided by the extraction/appropriation of the surplus manpower by capital on a global scale, in times of structural and systemic crisis. Nevertheless, only research will allow for an understanding and argumentation based on a dialectical praxis of the denial/affirmation of labour and its transcendence, based on experiences and learning which arise from the territorial movement of labour, and from the historical practices based on precepts of solidarity, registered around the world.
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Lessons learned as part of academic research, which also produce significant developments in the scope of university outreach and our actions with social movements. It is enough to emphasise that the personal research projects, the collective projects, the orientations both at the undergraduate level (Monographs, Scientific Initiation), which represent a significant amount, as well as at the master and doctorate levels, which total 62 completed works and 13 in progress, and post-doctoral internships. These are only justified when there is a multiplication of individual/collective knowledge and learning, so that the result is socialisation through perennial actions, preferably.
This expression originates from the acronym CNPJ (National Registry of Legal Entities), meaning whether or not an employee registers for tax purposes. Without this corresponding number, it is not possible to open a business
Word from the noun platform, which in the scope of the nascent concept is used to understand the organisation of service providers related to information and communication technologies (ICT) etc, which control workers and labour processes via centralised systems, via the internet, artificial intelligence, etc.
Employment relationship that indicates the possession of half of the fruits of agricultural production, but invariably defined by previously defined tasks and costs, such as, what is the responsibility of the farmer and the landowner with regard to the equivalent of the transfer of housing, animal care, harvesting etc.
Regional denomination that originally designates local conditions of links with the land and its exploitation, in the North of Minas Gerais, which identifies the workers and their families, who are dedicated to the extraction of plant roots and secondary processing, in order to produce medicines, ointments, teas etc, which may be associated with treatments based on healing arts, blessings, etc.
I am referring to the process that consummated a coup d'état that deposed President Dilma Roussef, legitimately re-elected in 2014. A coup carried out by sectors of the right and extreme right political spectrum in Brazil sponsored by the US government, associated with the mainstream press, the National Congress, as well as the surrendered sectors of the Brazilian bourgeoisie, who are unhappy with the fourth defeat at the polls for the Workers' Party (PT).
Place designated for the processing of wood burning with the objective of producing charcoal that will be directed to the activation of ovens, as well as other uses. As a rule, charcoal plants are places identified for total non-compliance with labour and slave labour rights in Brazil.
Denomination that designates a form of organisation of agricultural production (commoditiesfor export or not), as a rule financed by the State, related to certain portions of land that rely on mechanised irrigation, which prioritise business segments to the detriment of family farming.
Workers seek to defend themselves from this atrocity by hiring private lawyers, with the purpose of having the custody of the precautionary measure of the STF that suspended article 29 of Provisional Measure no 927/2020, which disregarded contamination by COVID-19 as non-occupational.