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Über dieses Buch

Adopting a broad conceptualization of foreign and security policy, the book examines the role of the High Representative as chair of the Foreign Affairs Council and in her/his capacity as Vice President of the European Commission to assess different patterns of integrated efforts in EU foreign and security policies. In this way, it presents a new perspective from which institutional practices in this specific area can be examined. This contribution is particularly valuable for scholars and students of EU foreign and security policy; of external relations of the EU; of international relations more in general; and of EU integration and politics. At the same time, the book contributes to the empirical understanding of two EU policies that have recently been at the centre of the debate among scholars, policy analysts and practitioners, namely the EU enlargement towards the Western Balkans and the EU Neighborhood Policy and Eastern Partnership.



Chapter 1. Introduction

A series of political and military conflicts arisen at the EU borders is generating pressure to formulate more efficient foreign and security policies. Yet, it is a widespread opinion that the results of the post-Lisbon EU foreign and security policy have been poor so far. In light of the track record of the past and considering the increase in the quantity and complexity of the challenges ahead posed by international and transnational threats, there is a strong functional argument for rationalizing and improving enhanced cooperation among the different actors and institutions of the EU. The book’s introductory chapter provides an outline of the research questions, of the volume’s theoretical and empirical contributions and of its main findings.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 2. EU Foreign Policy Integration: A New Model Beyond the Supranational-Intergovernmental Divide

EU foreign and security policy is largely under-theorized as a field of study. This chapter presents an original model that intends to explain why EU member states and institutions engage in integrated efforts in this area, and under which conditions the High Representative can become a key figure in fostering integrated policies among them. By means of a strategic choice approach, it constructs a hybrid theoretical model, bringing together assumptions from Weiler’s theory of equilibrium; from the most recent literature on new intergovernmentalism; from theories of EU integration that rely on incomplete contracts; and from theories on collective identity formation in the EU. This is done with attention to their explanatory value for examining EU foreign and security policy modes of governance.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 3. The Governance of EU Foreign and Security Policy

Before conducting an empirical analysis of the causes and consequences of integrated policies among EU member states and institutions through the High Representative’s (HR) role in the cases of Kosovo and Ukraine, it is crucial to place EU foreign and security policy processes occurring under the Lisbon Treaty (LT) in their institutional setting. Within the current institutional framework the HR finds herself/himself at the crossroad between the supranational and the intergovernmental side of EU foreign and security policies. However, existing legal provisions do not provide enough indication on whether to conceptualize this institutional post as an autonomous political actor—part of the political executive of the EU—or as an implementing branch of the European Council and of the member states reunited within this intergovernmental forum.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 4. EU Foreign Policy on Kosovo and Ukraine in Context

A proper understanding of the actors among which the strategic interactions under study occur and of the environment in which such interactions take place is essential to provide an in-depth examination of the High Representative’s (HR) role in Kosovo and Ukraine. EU-Kosovo and EU-Ukraine relations are marked by an apparent paradox. Whilst the EU was unable to prevent the outbreak of an armed conflict in Kosovo because of basic dilemmas of collective action among the then-member states, the Union did prove capable of dealing with post-conflict reconstruction in this area in a truly integrated way. At the same time, despite divergent preferences among member states and institutions on Russia’s aspirations in the post-Soviet space, the EU has exerted its influence to pursue economic integration in the Eastern neighbourhood—particularly Ukraine—in an integrated manner.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 5. In the Shadow of Statehood: The Role of the High Representative in Kosovo

Despite a highly divided EU with only 23 member states recognizing Kosovo’s independence so far, the Union has succeeded in having significant political impact and in acting in a truly integrated way towards this country. This was achieved by brokering the talks between Belgrade and Pristina and by tying the accession of Serbia to the EU to the normalization of its relations with Kosovo. The former High Representative, Catherine Ashton, and the current one, Federica Mogherini, have both played as policy instigators and as policy enforcers because they benefitted from a general consensus on the direction to pursue within the European Council and the Foreign Affairs Council. That consensus made possible for both High Representatives in their capacity as Vice-President of the Commission to connect the enlargement policy with the CFSP agenda.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 6. Who’s Afraid of the Big Bear? The Role of the High Representative in Ukraine

Whilst divergent positions on the Russian policy dossier have generally not played in favour of cooperation within the EU, from the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty (2009) until the immediate aftermath of the Vilnius Summit in November 2013, EU member states and institutions largely agreed that Ukraine was a “European country” and that economic integration should have been the main EU policy to be used towards it. Yet, the Maidan events and the annexation of Crimea disrupted the alignment of preferences and the ideational convergence on the strategies to adopt towards Ukraine. Because of such a disruption, the national governments reunited in the European Council exerted all their control on the High Representative, on the Foreign Affairs Council and on the Commission.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Chapter 7. Conclusions

This chapter summarizes the contribution of the book with specific attention to the most relevant theoretical and empirical results. From a theoretical perspective, the book contributes to the effort recently undertaken by a number of scholars to theorize and analyse the engagement of EU member states and institutions to integrated practices in foreign and security policy. From an empirical point of view, the volume determines and explains the logic of variations in EU member states and institutions’ engagement to integrated modes of governance through an analysis of the role of the High Representative (HR) in leading EU foreign and security policy. In normative terms, the volume indicates the democratic unaccountability of the EU foreign and security policy-making system. Recent political developments and their implications are also discussed.
Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré


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