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This chapter investigates land cover change, forest depletion, environmental degradation and ecosystem damage as it affects the livelihoods of local residents in Bawlakhe district, Kayah state.
Bawlakhe district is bounded to the east by Thailand, to the west by Kayin State, to the south by Thailand and Kayin State, and to the north by Loikaw district of Kayah state.
Kayah State is also rich in minerals, especially tin, wolfram (tungsten) and antimony. The most important mine is the Mawchi mine, which produces tin and wolfram. This area lies in the Bawlakhe area and it is one of the causes of forest decline. British companies were the main extractors of minerals in the early days in the Mawchi area. In 1962, the government nationalized mining and took over the operation of the country’s main mines on a joint-venture basis. The mining industry exists now as a joint venture. 150 tons of lead is extracted annually in the Bawlakhe area.
Kayan National Defense Guards (KNG), Kayinni National Liberation Front (KNLF), Kayan Pyithit Party (KPP), and Kayinni National Progressive Party (KNPP).
One viss is approximately 1.63 kilograms (3.6 pounds).
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- The Impact of Land Cover Changes on Socio-economic Conditions in Bawlakhe District, Kayah State
Khin Sandar Aye
Khin Khin Htay