Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Scenario planning first gained traction within corporations as an energy transition management tool, but recently gained popularity within sustainability. It is a process for exploring potential futures and thinking critically about complex decisions that involve high degrees of uncertainty. It is also effective in shifting mental models and engaging diverse stakeholders, making it ideal for complex sustainability problems. Scenario-planning insights are typically used in strategic planning, further aligning with sustainability’s commitments to action-oriented solutions. However, as a participative process, success hinges on equitable participant engagement that is threatened by power imbalance. The current pilot study uses an experimental design to explore the impact of explicit acknowledgement of status differential and pre-event brainstorming on participation in a small group task. The task was selected based on its parallels to scenario-planning interactions. Twenty-four triads engaged in group deliberation while wearing devices that gather data to measure interactions. Afterward, participants completed a participation perception survey. Despite the popularity of brainstorming, results of the pilot study point to the utility of status concealment over individual-level brainstorming to bolster participation. Ultimately, this work contributes to a more nuanced understanding of participation in service of more robust, pluralistic sustainability decision-making.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Brown, V., Tumeo, M., Larey, T. S., & Paulus, P. B. (1998). Modeling cognitive interactions during group brainstorming. Small Group Research, 29(4), 495–526. CrossRef
Bunderson, J. S. (2003). Recognizing and utilizing expertise in work groups: a status characteristics perspective. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(557–591). doi: 10.2307/3556637.
Cadinu, M., Maass, A., Rosabianca, A., & Kiesner, J. (2005). Why Do Women Underperform Under Stereotype Threat? Evidence for the Role of Negative Thinking. Psychological Science, 16(7), 572–578. CrossRef
Caneel, R. (2005). Social Signaling in Decision Making. (M.Sc.), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.
Cashdan, E. (1998). Smiles, speech and body posture: how women and men display sociometric status and power. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 22(4), 209–228. CrossRef
Collaros, P. A., & Anderson, L. R. (1969). Effect of perceived expertness upon creativity of members of brainstorming groups. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53(2), 159–163. CrossRef
Connolly, T., Routhieaux, R. L., & Schneider, S. K. (1993). On the effectiveness of group brainstorming: Test of one underlying cognitive mechanism. Small Group Research, 24(4), 490–503. CrossRef
Cooke, R. A., & Lafferty, J. C. (2006). Desert survival situation. Plymouth, MI: Human Synergistics.
Davis, J., Zaner, M., Farnham, S., Marcjan, C., & McCarthy, B. P. (2003). Wireless brainstorming: overcoming status effects in small group decisions. Paper presented at the System Sciences, 2003. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.
Delbecq, A. L., Van de Ven, A. H., & Gustafson, D. H. (1975). Group techniques for program planning: A guide to nominal group and Delphi processes. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Fiske, S. T. (2010). Interpersonal stratification: Status, power, and subordination. In S. T. Fiske, D. T. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology (Vol. 2). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons Inc. CrossRef
Halevy, N., Y. Chou, E., & D. Galinsky, A. (2011). A functional model of hierarchy: Why, how, and when vertical differentiation enhances group performance. Organizational Psychology Review, 1(1), 32–52. doi: 10.1177/2041386610380991.
Hall, J. A., & Friedman, G. B. (1999). Status, gender, and nonverbal behavior: A study of structured interactions between employees of a company. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(9), 1082–1091. CrossRef
Heath, C., & Heath, D. (2013). Decisive: How to make better choices in life and work. New York: Random House.
Henrich, J., & Gil-White, F. J. (2001). The evolution of prestige: Freely conferred deference as a mechanism for enhancing the benefits of cultural transmission. Evolution and Human Behavior, 22, 165–196. CrossRef
Inzlicht, M., & Ben-Zeev, T. (2000). A threatening intellectual environment: Why females are susceptible to experiencing problem-solving deficits in the presence of males. Psychological Science, 11(5), 365–371. CrossRef
Kimble, C. E., & Musgrove, J. I. (1988). Dominance in arguing mixed-sex dyads: Visual dominance patterns, talking time, and speech loudness. Journal of Research in Personality, 22, 1–16. CrossRef
Kurtzberg, T. R., & Amabile, T. M. (2000). From Guilford to creative synergy: Opening the black box of team-level creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 13(3 & 4), 285–294.
Lunenburg, F. C. (2011). Decision making in organizations. International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration, 15(1), 1–9.
Mast, M. S. (2002). Dominance as expressed and inferred through speaking time. Human Communication Research, 28(3), 420–450.
Mast, M. S., & Hall, J. A. (2004). Who is the boss and who is not? Accuracy of judging status. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 28(3), 145–165. CrossRef
Mazur, A. (1985). A biosocial model of status in face-to-face primate groups. Social Forces, 64(2), 377–402. CrossRef
Menz, F., & Al-Roubaie, A. (2008). Interruptions, status and gender in medical interviews: The harder you brake, the longer it takes. Discourse & Society, 19(5), 645–666. CrossRef
Moore, J. C. (1968). Status and influence in small group interactions. Sociometry, 31(1), 47–63. CrossRef
Muthén, L., & Muthén, B. BO 1998–2012. Mplus user’s guide, 7.
Niu, W., & Sternberg, R. (2002). Contemporary studies on the concept of creativity: The East and the West. Contemporary Studies, 36(4), 269–288.
Osborn, A. F. (1963). Applied Imagination; Principles and Procedures of Creative Problem-solving. New York: Scribner.
Pentland, A. S. (2010). Honest signals. Cambridge, MA: MIT press.
Peterson, G. D., Cumming, G. S., & Carpenter, S. R. (2003). Scenario planning: A tool for conservation in an uncertain world. Conservation Biology, 17(2), 358–366. CrossRef
Rodegher, S. L. (2015). Scenario planning for sustainability: Understanding and enhancing participation in group deliberations. ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY.
Sachdev, I. (1991). Power and status differentials in minority and majority group relations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 21, 1–24. CrossRef
Steele, C. M., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(5), 797–811. CrossRef
Stewart, T. R. (2000). Uncertainty, judgment, and error in prediction. In D. Sarewitz, R. A. Pielke, & R. Byerly (Eds.), Prediction: Science, decision making, and the future of nature. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Webster, M., & Driskell, J. E. (1978). Status generalization: A review and some new data. American Sociological Review, 43(2), 220–236. CrossRef
Ziegler, R., Diehl, M., & Zijlsrta, G. (2000). Idea production in nominal and virtual groups: Does computer-mediated communication improve group brainstorming? Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 3(2), 141–158. CrossRef
- The Impact of Status and Brainstorming in Participation in Small Group Deliberations
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen