Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
In this paper, we introduce a new method to improve the delay performance of RI-MAC protocol, that was originated from the basic concept of IEEE 802.11e EDCA. The delay issue is critical in wireless sensor network (WSN) because it brings up other issues such as energy wastage and limiting its applications. Therefore, the parameter that determine the delay performance, the BeaconTimeout of the RI-MAC protocol will need to be further optimized in order to achieve better delay performance particularly in applications that involved long transmission range. Hence, we introduce the k constant to go with the conventional RI-MAC protocol in order to achieve that. We first evaluate the delay performance of the conventional RI-MAC in long transmission range application focuses on range from 250 to 850 m. The performance evaluation has been carried out through computer simulation of WSN where the relationship and the influence of the proposed k constant in relation to different transmission ranges are also determined. The reason to focus on extended transmission range is to enable wider physical coverage of WSN to use even lesser sensor nodes for better implementation cost effectiveness. The significance of this paper is to highlight that by applying an optimized k constant, the delay performance of the overall network can be maintained at its optimum level.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Messaoud, D., Djamel, D., & Nadjib, B. (2012) Survey on latency issues of asynchronous MAC protocols in delay-sensitive wireless sensor networks. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, pp. 528–550.
CC2420 Single-Chip 2.4 GHz RF Transceiver, pp. 13, Retrieved from Texas Instruments. URL: http://focus.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/cc2420.pdf, March 2010.
8-bit Microcontroller with 128 K bytes in-system programmable flash, ATmega128, pp. 340, Retrieved from Atmel Corporation website. URL: http://www.atmel.com/.
Wark, T., Corke, P., Sikka, P., Klingbeil, L., Guo, Y., Crossman, C., et al. (2007). Transforming agriculture through pervasive wireless sensor networks. IEEE Pervasive Computing,6(2), 50–57. CrossRef
Mainwaring, A., Culler, D., Polastre, J., Szewczyk, R., & Anderson, J. (2002) Wireless sensor networks for habitat monitoring. In WSNA02: Proceedings of 1st ACM international workshop on wireless sensor networks and applications (pp. 88–97). New York, NY: ACM.
Milenkovic, A., Otto, C., & Jovanov, E. (2006). Wireless sensor networks for personal health monitoring: issues and an implementation. Computer Communications,29(1314), 2521–2533. CrossRef
Gungor, V., & Hancke, G. (2009). Industrial wireless sensor networks: challenges, design principles, and technical approaches. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,56(10), 4258–4265. CrossRef
Akyildiz, I., Melodia, T., & Chowdhury, K. (2007). A survey on wireless multimedia sensor networks. Computer Networks,51(4), 921960.
Soro, S., & Heinzelman, W. (2009). A survey of visual sensor networks. Advances in Multimedia, pp. 122.
Yigitel, M. A., Incel, O. D., & Ersoy, C. (2011). QoS-Aware MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks: A survey. Computer Networks (Elsevier),55(8), 1982–2004. CrossRef
Akkaya, K., & Younis, M. F. (2005). A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. Ad Hoc Networks,3(3), 325–349. CrossRef
Coleri Ergen, S., & Varaiya, P. (2007). Energy efficient routing with delay guarantee for sensor networks. ACM Wireless Networks,13(5), 679–690. CrossRef
He, T., Stankovic, J. A., Lu, C., & Abdelzaher, T. (2003) SPEED: a stateless protocol for real-time communication in sensor networks. In International conference on distributed computing systems (ICDCS’03) (Vol. 46, pp 46–55), Washington, DC.
Felemban, E., Lee, C. G., & Ekici, E. (2006). MMSPEED: Multipath multispeed protocol for QoS guarantee of reliability and timeliness in wireless sensor network. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing,5(6), 738–754. CrossRef
Chipara, O., He, Z., Xing, G., Chen, Q., Wang, X., Lu, C., Stankovic, J., & Abdelzaher, T. (2006). RPAR: Real-time power-aware routing in sensor network. In Proceedings of 14th IEEE international workshop on quality of service (IWQoS’06) (pp. 83–92). New Haven, CT.
Akkaya, K., & Younis, M. (2003). An energy-aware QoS routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of IEEE workshop on mobile and wireless net works (MWN’03) (pp. 710–715). Providence, RI.
Li, Y., Shue, C., Song, Y., Wang, Z., & Sun, T. (2009). Enhancing real-time delivery in wireless sensor networks with two-hop information. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics,5(2), 113–122. CrossRef
Rezayat, P., Mahdavi, M., Ghasemzadeh, M., Sarram, M. A. (2010). A novel real-time power aware routing protocol in wireless sensor networks. In International journal of computer science and network security (IJCSNS), (Vol. 10, No. 4). April 2010.
Razzaque, A., Alam, M. M., Or-Rashid, M., & Hong, C. S. (2008). Multiconstrained QoS geographic routing for heterogeneous traffic in sensor networks. IEICE Transactions on Communications,91B(8), 589–2601.
Djenouri, D., & Balasingham, I. (2011). Traffic-differentiation-based modular QoS localized routing for wireless sensor networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing,10(6), 797–809. CrossRef
Zeng, K., Ren, K., Lou, W., & Moran, P. J. (2009). Energy aware efficient geographic routing in lossy wireless sensor networks with environmental energy supply. Wireless Networks,15(01), 3951. CrossRef
Mahapatra, A., Anand, K., & Agrawal, D. P. (2006). QoS and energy aware routing for real-time traffic in wireless sensor networks. Computer Communications,29(4), 437445. CrossRef
Sama, A. R. & Akkaya, K. (2008). Real-time routing for mobile sensor/actor networks. In 33rd IEEE conference on local computer networks LCN08, Montreal, Canada (pp. 821–828).
Chen, J., Diaz, M., Llopis, L., Rubio, B., & Troya, J. M. (2011). A survey on quality of service support in wireless sensor and actor networks: Requirements and challenges in the context of critical infrastructure protection. Journal of Network and Computer Applications,34(4), 1225–1239. CrossRef
An-dong, Z., Tian-yin, X., Gui-hai, C., Bao-liu, Y. & Sang-lu, L. (2008). A survey on real-time routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. In Second Chinese conference on sensor networks (CWSN’08), 2008.
Lu, C., Blum, B., Abdelzaher, T., et al. (2002). RAP: A real-time communication architecture for large-scale wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of eighth IEEE real- time and embedded technology and applications symposium (RTAS02) (pp. 55–66).
Polastre, J., Hill, J. & Culler, D. (2004). Versatile low power media access for wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of 2nd international conference on embedded networked sensor systems (SensSys04), USA. November 03–05, 2004, (pp. 95–107).
[Online]. Available: http://www.wavenis-osa.org/
[Online]. Available: http://www.knx.org/
IEEE Std 802.15.4-2006: Wireless medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for low-rate wireless personal area networks (WPANs), IEEE Std., September 2006.
HART Communication Foundation, WirelessHART Technology. URL: http://www.hartcomm.org/protocol/wihart/wirelesstechnology.html, Dec. 2009.
[Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/6lowpan-charter.html
[Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/roll-charter.html
Demirkol, I., Ersoy, C., & Alagoz, F. (2006). MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks: A survey. IEEE Communications Magazine,06, 115121.
Yahya, B., & Ben-Othman, J. (2009). Towards a classification of energy aware MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks. Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing,9(12), 1572–1607. CrossRef
Langendoen, K. (2008). Medium access control in wireless sensor networks. Medium Access Control in Wireless Networks: Practice and Standards, Nova Science Publishers Inc,2, 535–560.
Kuntz, R. (2010). Medium access control facing the dynamics of wireless sensor networks, PhD thesis, September 2010.
Bachir, A., Dohler, M., Watteyne, T., & Leung, K. K. (2010). MAC essentials for wireless sensor networks. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials,12(2), 222–248. CrossRef
Zhou, C., & Zhu, T. (2008). Thorough analysis of MAC protocols in wireless sensor networks. In 4th IEEE international conference on wireless communications, networking and mobile computing (WiCOM’08), Dublin, October 2008, (pp. 1–4).
Ali, M., Bhm, A. & Jonsson, M. (2008). Wireless sensor networks for surveillance applications a comparative survey of MAC protocols. In Proceedings of 4th international conference on wireless and mobile communications (ICWMC’08), Athens, USA, July 27–Aug. 1, 2008, (pp. 399–403).
Miladi, M., Ezzedine, T., Bouallegue, R. (2006). Latency of energy efficient MAC protocols for wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of international conference on digital telecommunications (ICDT’06), Cote d’Azur, France, August 29–31, 2006, pp. 60–60.
Langendoen, K. & Meier, A. (2010). Analyzing MAC protocols for low data-rate applications. ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, 7, 1.
Van Hoesel, L. F. W., & Havinga, P. J. M (2004). A lightweight medium access protocol (LMAC) for wireless sensor networks: Reducing preamble transmissions and transceiver state switchess. In 1st international workshop on networked sensing systems (INSS’04), Tokio, Japan 2004.
Ye, W., Silva, F., & Heidemann, J. (2006) Ultra-low duty cycle mac with scheduled channel polling. In Proceedings of 4th ACM international conference on embedded networked sensor systems (SenSys’06), New York, USA (pp. 321–334).
El-Hoiydi, A., & Decotignie, J.-D. (2005). Low power downlink MAC protocols for infrastructure wireless sensor networks. Mobile Networks and Applications,10(6), 675–690. CrossRef
Halkes, G. P. & Langendoen, K. G. (2007). Crankshaft: an energy-efficient MAC-protocol for dense wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of 4th European conference on wireless sensor networks (EWSN’07) (pp. 228–224). Springer.
Suriyachai, P., Roedig, U., & Scott, A. (2011). A survey of MAC protocols for mission-critical applications in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials,99, 1–25.
TinyOS 2.x. URL: http://www.tinyos.net/.
Arfvidsson, J., Park, E., & Levis, P. (2006). Lowering radio duty cycle through temperature compensated timing. In Proceedings of 4th international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems (pp. 409–410).
Sun, Y., Gurewitz, O. & Johnson, D. (2008). RI-MAC: A receiverinitiated asynchronous duty cycle MAC protocol for dynamic traffic loads in wireless sensor networks, (pp. 1–14).
Yong, Y., Tan, C., & K, Z. (2014). IJARCCE—Computer and communication engineering. Long transmission range performance evaluation on RI-MAC protocol in wireless sensor networks (pp. 8551–8557).
Salmeron-Ntutumu, S., Simo-Reigadas, J., & Patra, R. (2008) Comparison of MAC protocols for 802.11-based long distance networks. In Proceedings of workshop wireless for development (WIRELESS4D), December 2008.
Reigadas, J. S., Martinez-Fernandez, A., & Ramos-Lopez, J. (2008). Modeling and optimizing IEEE 802.11 DCF for long-distance links. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing (submitted for revision), 2008.
Simó, J., Figuera, C., Seoane, J., & Martínez, A. (2007). Distance limits in IEEE 802.11 for rural networks in developing countries. In IEEE WRECOM, 2007.
Bianchi, T. G., & Tinnirello, I. (2005). Remarks on IEEE 802.11 DCF performance evaluation. IEEE Communications Letters,9(8), 765–767. CrossRef
Buettner, M., Yee, G., Anderson, E., Han, R. (2006). X-MAC: A short preamble MAC protocol for duty-cycled wireless sensor networks (pp. 307–320).
Klues, K., Hackmann, G., Chipara, O., & Lu, C. (2007). A componentbased architecture for power-efficient media access control in wireless sensor networks (pp. 59–72).
- The Influence of k-Constant to Delay Performance of RI-MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
Chong Eng Tan
Kartinah bt Hj Zen
- Springer US