Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Ethical sourcing and socially responsible purchasing is increasingly on the business agenda, but developing and implementing policy and practice across a global network of suppliers is challenging. The purpose of this paper is to expand theory on the nature of linkages between firms in a social network, specifically postulating how ties between organizations can be configured to facilitate development, diffusion, and adoption of sustainability initiatives. The theory development provides a lens with which to view the influence of a firm’s structural embeddedness in its organizational social network on developing, diffusing and adopting sustainability initiatives. The focus is on brokers who in various structural alignments help bridge the focal firm’s sustainability initiatives with distant or disconnected stakeholders the focal firm is trying to reach. The brokers help the focal firm engage these stakeholders by sharing knowledge and information regarding sustainability initiatives and by incorporating localized needs into the development of the initiatives to facilitate better diffusion and adoption. The theoretical contribution of this manuscript is a novel perspective on sustainability in organizational networks. This perspective allows for greater explanatory power regarding how organizations can achieve sustainable outcomes that meet a broad base of stakeholder needs and better facilitate sustainability initiatives across a diverse and expansive network.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adidas Group. (2015). Sustainability progress report 2014. http://www.adidas-group.com/media/filer_public/e8/32/e832823b-8585-4e26-8990-07b80e3ae71c/2014_sustainability_report_make_a_difference.pdf.
AIAG—Automotive Industry Action Group. (2012). Corporate responsibility overview. Retrieved August 25, 2016 from https://www.aiag.org/docs/default-source/default-document-library/corporate-responsibility-overview176e2d3c35936d389999ff000056dc99.pdf?sfvrsn=0.
AIAG—Automotive Industry Action Group. (2016). Automotive industry guiding principles to enhance sustainability performance in the supply chain. Retrieved August 25, 2016 from http://www.aiag.org/docs/default-source/corporate-responsibility/social/corporateresponsibilityguidancestatements.pdf?sfvrsn=0.
Amaeshi, K. M., Osuji, O. K., & Nnodim, P. (2008). Corporate social responsibility in supply chains of global brands: A boundaryless responsibility? Clarifications, exceptions and implications. Journal of Business Ethics,81(1), 223–234. CrossRef
Apple Inc. (2015). Apple supplier responsibility 2015 progress report. http://images.apple.com/supplier-responsibility/pdf/Apple_Progress_Report_2015.pdf.
Autry, C. W., & Griffis, S. E. (2008). Supply chain capital: The impact of structural and relational linkages on firm execution and innovation. Journal of Business Logistics,29(1), 157–173. CrossRef
Awaysheh, A., & Klassen, R. D. (2010). The impact of supply chain structure on the use of supplier socially responsible practices. International Journal of Operations & Production Management,30(12), 1246–1268. CrossRef
Ayuso, S., Rodriguez, M. A., & Ricart, J. E. (2006). Responsible competitiveness at the “micro” level of the firm: Using stakeholder dialogue as a source for new ideas: A dynamic capability underlying sustainable innovation. Corporate Governance,6(4), 475–490. CrossRef
Balkundi, P., & Harrison, D. A. (2006). Ties, leaders, and time in teams: Strong inference about network structure’s effects on team viability and performance. Academy of Management Journal,49(1), 49–68. CrossRef
Bansal, P. (2005). Evolving sustainably: A longitudinal study of corporate sustainable development. Strategic Management Journal,26(3), 197–218. CrossRef
Beckman, T., Colwell, A., & Cunningham, P. H. (2009). The emergence of corporate social responsibility in Chile: The importance of authenticity and social networks. Journal of Business Ethics,86(2), 191–206. CrossRef
Belso-Martínez, J. A., Molina-Morales, F. X., & Martínez-Cháfer, L. (2015). Contributions of brokerage roles to firms’ innovation in a confectionery cluster. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management,27(9), 1–17. CrossRef
Borgatti, S. P., & Li, X. (2009). On social network analysis in a supply chain context. Journal of Supply Chain Management,45(2), 5–22. CrossRef
Brass, D. J., Galaskiewicz, J., Greve, H. R., & Tsai, W. (2004). Taking stock of networks and organizations: A multilevel perspective. Academy of Management Journal,47(6), 795–817. CrossRef
Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural holes: The social structure of competition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Burt, R. S. (2001). Structural holes versus network closure as social capital (pp. 31–56). Social capital: Theory and research.
Burt, R. S. (2002). The social capital of structural holes. In M. Guillen, R. Collins, P. England, & M. Meyer (Eds.), New directions in economic sociology (pp. 148–192). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Business Call to Action. (2010). SABMiller: Improving local production of barley in India. http://www.businesscalltoaction.org/wp-content/files_mf/bctasabmillercasestudyforweb48.pdf.
Carpenter, M. A., Li, M., & Jiang, H. (2012). Social network research in organizational contexts: A systematic review of methodological issues and choices. Journal of Management,38(4), 1328–1361. CrossRef
Carter, C. R., & Rogers, D. S. (2008). A framework of sustainable supply chain management: Moving toward new theory. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,38(5), 360–387. CrossRef
Chen, L. C., & Yi, L. X. (2016). Post-IPOP: How Indonesia can lead in palm oil sustainability. The Jakarta Post. http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/07/23/post-ipop-how-indonesia-can-lead-palm-oil-sustainability.html.
Chilkoti, A. (2014). Water shortage shuts Coca-Cola plant in India. Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/16d888d4-f790-11e3-b2cf-00144feabdc0.html#axzz4HcKn0Hcw.
Choi, T. Y., & Kim, Y. (2008). Structural embeddedness and supplier management: A network perspective. Journal of Supply Chain Management,44(4), 5–13. CrossRef
Choi, T. Y., & Wu, Z. (2009). Taking the leap from dyads to triads: Buyer–supplier relationships in supply networks. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management,15(4), 263–266. CrossRef
Clark, W. C., Tomich, T. P., van Noordwijk, M., Guston, D., Catacutan, D., Dickson, N. M., et al. (2011). Boundary work for sustainable development: Natural resource management at the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4615–4622. CrossRef
Da Costa, A. B. (2016). New palm oil council would drop “no deforestation” pledge—Indonesia. Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/indonesia-palm-ipop-idUSL3N12E22820151014.
Egels-Zanden, N. (2014). Revisiting supplier compliance with MNC codes of conduct: Recoupling policy and practice at chinese toy suppliers. Journal of Business Ethics,119(1), 59–75. CrossRef
Ehrgott, M., Reimann, F., Kaufmann, L., & Carter, C. R. (2011). Social sustainability in selecting emerging economy suppliers. Journal of Business Ethics,98(1), 99–119. CrossRef
EICC—Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition. (2014). EICC position on working hours. Retrieved August 25, 2016 from http://www.eiccoalition.org/media/docs/EICC_WorkingHoursPosition_June2014.pdf.
EICC—Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition. (2016). About the EICC. Retrieved August 25, 2016 from http://www.eiccoalition.org/about/.
Ethical Performance. (2016). SABMIller sustainable development report 2016: Embedding prosper into the business. http://ethicalperformance.com/reports/view/1207.
Everett, J., Neu, D., & Martinez, D. (2008). Multi-stakeholder labour monitoring organizations: Egoists, instrumentalists, or moralists? Journal of Business Ethics,81(1), 117–142. CrossRef
Fernandez, R., & Gould, R. (1989). Structures of mediation: A formal approach to brokerage in transaction networks. Sociological Methodology,19, 89–126. CrossRef
Fernandez, R., & Gould, R. (1994). A dilemma of state power: Brokerage and influence in the national health policy domain. American Journal of Sociology, 99(6), 1455–1491. CrossRef
Flynn, F. J., & Wiltermuth, S. S. (2010). Who’s with me? False consensus, brokerage, and ethical decision making in organizations. Academy of Management Journal,53(5), 1074–1089. CrossRef
Foerstl, K., Azadegan, A., Leppelt, T., & Hartmann, E. (2015). Drivers of supplier sustainability: Moving beyond compliance to commitment. Journal of Supply Chain Management,51(1), 67–92. CrossRef
Fransen, L. W., & Kolk, A. (2007). Global rule-setting for business: A critical analysis of multi-stakeholder standards. Organization,14(5), 667–684. CrossRef
Galaskiewicz, J. (1985). Interorganizational relations. Annual Review of Sociology,11, 281–304. CrossRef
Galaskiewicz, J. (2011). Studying supply chains from a social network perspective. Journal of Supply Chain Management,47(1), 4–8. CrossRef
Galunic, C., Ertug, G., & Gargiulo, M. (2012). The positive externalities of social capital: Benefiting from senior brokers. Academy of Management Journal,55(5), 1213–1231. CrossRef
Gnyawali, D. R., & Madhavan, R. (2001). Cooperative networks and competitive dynamics: A structural embeddedness perspective. Academy of Management Review,26(3), 431–445.
Gold, S., Hahn, R., & Seuring, S. (2013). Sustainable supply chain management in “Base of the Pyramid” food projects—A path to triple bottom line approaches for multinationals? International Business Review,22(5), 784–799. CrossRef
Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology,78(6), 1360–1380. CrossRef
Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology,91(3), 481–510. CrossRef
Grimm, J. H., Hofstetter, J. S., & Sarkis, J. (2014). Exploring sub-suppliers’ compliance with corporate sustainability standards. Journal of Cleaner Production,112(3), 1971–1984.
Gualandris, J., Klassen, R. D., Vachon, S., & Kalchschmidt, M. (2015). Sustainable evaluation and verification in supply chains: Aligning and leveraging accountability to stakeholders. Journal of Operations Management,38, 1–13. CrossRef
Ha-Brookshire, J. (2015). Toward moral responsibility theories of corporate sustainability and sustainable supply chain. Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-015-2847-2.
Hahn, T., Pinkse, J., Preuss, L., & Figge, F. (2014). Tensions in corporate sustainability: Towards an integrative framework. Journal of Business Ethics,127(2), 297–316. CrossRef
Hall, J., Matos, S., & Silvestre, B. (2012). Understanding why firms should invest in sustainable supply chains: A complexity approach. International Journal of Production Research,50(5), 1332–1348. CrossRef
Hall, J., & Vredenburg, H. (2005). Managing stakeholder ambiguity. MIT Sloan Management Review,47(1), 11.
Hall, J., & Vredenburg, H. (2012). The challenges of innovating for sustainable development. MIT Sloan Management Review, 45(1), 61–68.
Huq, F. A., Stevenson, M., & Zorzini, M. (2014). Social sustainability in developing country suppliers: An exploratory study in the ready made garments industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Operations & Production Management,34(5), 610–638. CrossRef
Hyatt, D. G., & Johnson, J. L. (2016). Expanding boundaries: Nongovernmental organizations as supply chain members. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene,4(1), 000093.
Kaye, L. (2012). Why partnering with NGOs for water stewardship makes business sense. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/partnering-ngo-water-stewardship-business.
Kazmin, A., Jopson, B., Politi, J., & Lucas, L. (2013). Bangladesh factory disasters highlight regulatory failures. The Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/9a551ce8-adab-11e2-82b8-00144feabdc0.html#slide0.
Keeble, J. J., Topiol, S., & Berkeley, S. (2003). Using indicators to measure sustainability performance at a corporate and project level. Journal of Business Ethics,44(2–3), 149–158. CrossRef
Ketchen, D. J., Jr., & Hult, G. T. M. (2011). Building theory about supply chain management: Some tools from the organizational sciences. Journal of Supply Chain Management,47(2), 12–18. CrossRef
Kim, S., Colicchia, C., & Menachof, D. (2016). Ethical sourcing: An analysis of the literature and implications for future research. Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-016-3266-8.
Kim, T. Y., Oh, H., & Swaminathan, A. (2006). Framing interorganizational network change: A network inertia perspective. Academy of Management Review,31(3), 704–720. CrossRef
Koplin, J., Seuring, S., & Mesterharm, M. (2007). Incorporating sustainability into supply management in the automotive industry—The case of the Volkswagen AG. Journal of Cleaner Production,15(11), 1053–1062. CrossRef
Korschun, D. (2015). Boundary spanning employees and relationships with external stakeholders: A social identity approach. Academy of Management Review, 40(4), 611–629. CrossRef
Kostova, T., & Roth, K. (2002). Adoption of an organizational practice by subsidiaries of multinational corporations: Institutional and relational effects. Academy of Management Journal,45(1), 215–233. CrossRef
Marshall, D., McCarthy, L., McGrath, P., Claudy, M., & Wagner, B. (2015). Going above and beyond: How sustainability culture and entrepreneurial orientation drive social sustainability supply chain practice adoption. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 20(4), 434–454. CrossRef
Matos, S., & Silvestre, B. S. (2013). Managing stakeholder relations when developing sustainable business models: The case of the Brazilian energy sector. Journal of Cleaner Production,45, 61–73. CrossRef
Meixell, M. J., & Luoma, P. (2015). Stakeholder pressure in sustainable supply chain management: A systematic review. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,45(1/2), 69–89. CrossRef
Mena, C., Humphries, A., & Choi, T. Y. (2013). Toward a theory of multi-tier supply chain management. Journal of Supply Chain Management,49(2), 58–77. CrossRef
Pagell, M., Wu, Z., & Wasserman, M. E. (2010). Thinking differently about purchasing portfolios: An assessment of sustainable sourcing. Journal of Supply Chain Management,46(1), 57–73. CrossRef
Park-Poaps, H., & Rees, K. (2010). Stakeholder Forces of socially responsible supply chain management orientation. Journal of Business Ethics,92(2), 305–322. CrossRef
Perez-Aleman, P., & Sandilands, M. (2008). Building value at the top and bottom of the global supply chain: MNC–NGO partnerships and sustainability. California Management Review,51(1), 24–49. CrossRef
Phillips, E. E. (2016). Patagonia’s balancing act: Chasing mass-market appeal while doing no harm. The Wall Street Journal. http://www.wsj.com/articles/patagonias-balancing-act-chasing-mass-market-appeal-while-doing-no-harm-1471426200.
Pollock, T. G., Porac, J. F., & Wade, J. B. (2004). Constructing deal networks: Brokers as network “architects” in the US IPO market and other examples. Academy of Management Review,29(1), 50–72.
Ramirez, E., Gonzalez, R. J., & Moreira, G. J. (2014). Barriers and bridges to the adoption of environmentally-sustainable offerings. Industrial Marketing Management,43(1), 16–24. CrossRef
Rauer, J., & Kaufmann, L. (2015). Mitigating external barriers to implementing green supply chain management: A grounded theory investigation of green-tech companies’ rare earth metals supply chains. Journal of Supply Chain Management,51(2), 65–88. CrossRef
Reimann, F., Ehrgott, M., Kaufmann, L., & Carter, C. R. (2012). Local stakeholders and local legitimacy: MNEs’ social strategies in emerging economies. Journal of International Management,18(1), 1–17. CrossRef
Rindova, V. (2011). Moving from ideas to a theoretical contribution: Comments on the process of developing theory in organizational research. Journal of Supply Chain Management,47(2), 19–21. CrossRef
Rowley, T. J. (1997). Moving beyond dyadic ties: A network theory of stakeholder influences. Academy of Management Review,22(4), 887–910.
Russell, D. M., & Hoag, A. M. (2004). People and information technology in the supply chain: Social and organizational influences on adoption. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,34(2), 102–122. CrossRef
SABMiller. (2014). Working with barley farmers— Malt Barley Development Programme. http://www.sabmiller.in/news7.aspx.
SABMiller. (2016a). Sustainable procurement. Retrieved August 18, 2016 from http://www.sabmiller.com/about-us/supplier-portal/sustainable-procurement.
SABMiller. (2016b). Our five shared imperatives. Retrieved August 18, 2016 from http://www.sabmiller.com/sustainability/shared-imperatives.
SABMiller. (2016c). Sustainable development report 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2016 from http://www.sabmiller.com/docs/default-source/investor-documents/reports/2016-sustainability-documents/sustainable-development-report-2016.pdf?sfvrsn=2.
SABMiller. (2016d). Partnerships. Retrieved August 18, 2016 from http://www.sabmiller.com/sustainability/a-productive-world/partnerships.
Saunders, L. W., Kleiner, B. M., McCoy, A. P., Lingard, H., Mills, T., Blismas, N., et al. (2015). The effect of early supplier engagement on social sustainability outcomes in project-based supply chains. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management,21(4), 285–295. CrossRef
Scott, J. (2012). Social network analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Sedex. (2013). Going deep— The case for multi- tier transparency. Retrieved February 9, 2015, from http://www.sedexglobal.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Sedex-Trasnparency-Briefing-Nov-2013.pdf.
Shafiq, A., Klassen, R. D., Johnson, P. F., & Awaysheh, A. (2014). Socially responsible practices: An exploratory study on scale development using stakeholder theory. Decision Sciences,45(4), 683–716. CrossRef
Shi, W., Markoczy, L., & Dess, G. G. (2009). The role of middle management in the strategy process: Group affiliation, structural holes, and tertius iungens. Journal of Management,35(6), 1453–1480. CrossRef
Skilton, P. F. (2011). Getting the reader to “I get it!”: Clarification, differentiation and illustration. Journal of Supply Chain Management,47(2), 22–28. CrossRef
Soundararajan, V., & Brown, J. A. (2014). Voluntary governance mechanisms in global supply chains: Beyond CSR to a stakeholder utility perspective. Journal of Business Ethics,134(1), 1–20.
Spencer, J. W. (2003). Global gatekeeping, representation, and network structure: A longitudinal analysis of regional and global knowledge–diffusion networks. Journal of International Business Studies,34(5), 428–442. CrossRef
Svensson, G. (2007). Aspects of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM): Conceptual framework and empirical example. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal,12(4), 262–266. CrossRef
Swaithes, A. (2013). Barley in Zambia: A success story challenging African local sourcing stereotypes. http://www.sabmiller.com/beer-blog/article/barley-in-zambia-challenging-sourcing-stereotypes.
Tachizawa, E., & Wong, C. Y. (2014). Towards a theory of multi-tier sustainable supply chains: A systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal,19(5/6), 643–663. CrossRef
Tachizawa, E. M., & Wong, C. Y. (2015). The performance of green supply chain management governance mechanisms: A supply network and complexity perspective. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 51(3), 18–32. CrossRef
Tate, W. L., Dooley, K. J., & Ellram, L. M. (2011). Transaction cost and institutional drivers of supplier adoption of environmental practices. Journal of Business Logistics,32(1), 6–16. CrossRef
Tate, W. L., Ellram, L. M., & Dooley, K. J. (2014). The impact of transaction costs and institutional pressure on supplier environmental practices. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,44(5), 353–372. CrossRef
Tate, W. L., Ellram, L. M., & Gölgeci, I. (2013). Diffusion of environmental business practices: A network approach. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management,19(4), 264–275. CrossRef
Tatham, P., Pettit, S., Jahre, M., & Jensen, L.-M. (2010). Coordination in humanitarian logistics through clusters. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management,40(8/9), 657–674. CrossRef
Touboulic, A., Chicksand, D., & Walker, H. (2014). Managing imbalanced supply chain relationships for sustainability: A Power perspective. Decision Sciences,45(4), 577–619. CrossRef
United Nations Global Compact. (2016). SABMiller: Progress through partnership. Sustainable Supply Chains: Resources and Practices. http://supply-chain.unglobalcompact.org/site/article/65.
Uzzi, B. (1996). The sources and consequences of embeddedness for the economic performance of organizations: The network effect. American Sociological Review, 61(4), 674–698. CrossRef
Uzzi, B. (1997). Social structure and competition in interfirm networks: The paradox of embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(1), 35–67. CrossRef
Vachon, S., & Klassen, R. D. (2008). Environmental management and manufacturing performance: The role of collaboration in the supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics,111(2), 299–315. CrossRef
Vachon, S., & Mao, Z. (2008). Linking supply chain strength to sustainable development: A country-level analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production,16(15), 1552–1560. CrossRef
Van der Laan, G., Van Ees, H., & Van Witteloostuijn, A. (2008). Corporate social and financial performance: An extended stakeholder theory, and empirical test with accounting measures. Journal of Business Ethics,79(3), 299–310. CrossRef
Vurro, C., Russo, A., & Perrini, F. (2009). Shaping sustainable value chains: Network determinants of supply chain governance models. Journal of Business Ethics,90(4), 607–621. CrossRef
Wallner, H. P. (1999). Towards sustainable development of industry: Networking, complexity and eco-clusters. Journal of Cleaner Production,7(1), 49–58. CrossRef
Wasserman, S. (1994). Social network analysis: Methods and applications (Vol. 8). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Westley, F., & Vredenburg, H. (1991). Strategic bridging: The collaboration between environmentalists and business in the marketing of green products. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science,27(1), 65–90. CrossRef
Wilhelm, M. M. (2011). Managing coopetition through horizontal supply chain relations: Linking dyadic and network levels of analysis. Journal of Operations Management,29(7), 663–676. CrossRef
Wilhelm, M. M., Blome, C., Bhakoo, V., & Paulraj, A. (2016). Sustainability in multi-tier supply chains: Understanding the double agency role of the first-tier supplier. Journal of Operations Management,41, 42–60. CrossRef
Wolf, J. (2011). Sustainable supply chain management integration: A qualitative analysis of the german manufacturing industry. Journal of Business Ethics,102(2), 221–235. CrossRef
Wright, C. F. (2015). Leveraging reputational risk: Sustainable sourcing campaigns for improving labour standards in production networks. Journal of Business Ethics,137, 195–210. CrossRef
Wu, Z., & Pagell, M. (2011). Balancing priorities: Decision-making in sustainable supply chain management. Journal of Operations Management,29(6), 577–590. CrossRef
Wu, Q., Zhang, H.-J., & Li, W. (2005). Advantage and strategies of developing industry cluster by integrating the supply chain management. Systems Engineering,4, 015.
Yawar, S. A., & Seuring, S. (2015). Management of social issues in supply chains: A literature review exploring social issues, actions and performance outcomes. Journal of Business Ethics. doi: 10.1007/s10551-015-2719-9.
- The Influence of Network Exchange Brokers on Sustainable Initiatives in Organizational Networks
Lance W. Saunders
Wendy L. Tate
George A. Zsidisin
- Springer Netherlands
- Journal of Business Ethics
Print ISSN: 0167-4544
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-0697
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Wissenstransfer im Outsourcing/© WrightStudio | stock.adobe.com