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13.08.2020 | Full Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2021 Open Access

Progress in Additive Manufacturing 1/2021

The influence of stiffener geometry on flexural properties of 3D printed polylactic acid (PLA) beams

Progress in Additive Manufacturing > Ausgabe 1/2021
Silas Z. Gebrehiwot, L. Espinosa Leal, J. N. Eickhoff, L. Rechenberg
Wichtige Hinweise
The original version of this article was revised: the name of second author was wrong.
A correction to this article is available online at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s40964-020-00149-z.

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We used finite element analyses (FEA) on Abaqus to study flexural properties of additive manufactured beams using polylactic acid (PLA) polymer. Experimental stress–strain data from flexural testing are used to define elastic–plastic properties of the material in the computation software. The flexural experiments are used to validate the FEA approach suggested. The method provides good results of deflection and stress with errors well below 10% in most of the cases. Therefore, by using the proposed approach, costs related to repeated experimental works can be avoided. In addition, the flexural rigidities of the additive manufactured beams are studied. Five different beam stiffener designs (diamond, honeycomb, square, triangular and wiggle) are studied based on beam bending theory. The force–deflection data from the flexural tests are used to determine the area moments of inertia of the beams. The honeycomb stiffener showed the highest force–deflection behaviour that led to the highest calculated area moment of inertia. However, with the lowest force–deflection behaviour, the square stiffener had the lowest calculated area moment of inertia.
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