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This chapter continues to explore the high level of uncertainty regarding fish stocks by investigating the Norwegian state’s response to the cod crisis in 1989. In this context, the Individual Vessel Quota (IVQ) system was introduced in 1990. By investigating the policy process of the IVQ, the chapter provides an analysis of the dynamic interactions between the state and the Norwegian Fishers’ Association (NFA). The introduction of IVQs marks a start of new fisheries co-management in which the NFA is no longer the only representative of the industry but has to compete with other actors. This finding shows that in fisheries governance, the state often has the capacity to bring new actor(s) into the network for meta-governance purposes. The chapter claims that in fisheries co-management the relation between the FA and the state is not an equal one in terms of authority. Instead the state often plays a central role.
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- The Norwegian Fishers’ Association, Norway
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- Chapter 6