Collective bargaining led to higher living standards for many union members, including black and white women and black men who were able to be employed in jobs organized by large industrial unions. But many other women and black men, benefiting little from the postwar economic prosperity, were left out. Many employers and unions persisted in racial and gender discrimination. Some employers, either on their own or in collusion with unions, only hired white men. Others, though willing to hire women and black men, often barred them from the more desirable positions. Even as late as 1960, some American Federation of Labor (AFL)—Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) affiliates were closed to blacks. Other affiliates restricted black workers to segregated locals.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- The Persistence of Inequality and the Limits of Liberal Policy
- Macmillan Education UK
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