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2023 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

4. The Pre-Schumpeterian Concept of Innovation: Friedrich List and Two Pioneer Contemporaries

verfasst von : Pablo José Martínez Rojo

Erschienen in: Science, Technology and Innovation in the History of Economic Thought

Verlag: Springer Nature Switzerland

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Abstract

Since the late 1980s of the twentieth century, much attention has been devoted to the economy of Innovation and Technological Change, especially to the concept of “National Innovation Systems.” This concept, even despite the growing trend of globalization in recent decades, has remained robust and has even expanded its scope, including both geographical and sector-specific areas. The National Innovation System is not only a concept, but a research field that helps to explain and understand the level of development and the state of national production systems, as well as their evolution over time. This chapter studies the pre-Schumpeterian evolution of the concept of National Innovation Systems and finds contributions in the context of the transition between the First and Second Industrial Revolutions in authors who show interest in the economic transformation that these revolutions were bringing to Europe. In particular, it stresses the contributions of Friedrich List, and the less known of Charles Babbage and Johann Heinrich Von Thünen.

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Fußnoten
1
According to List, mental capital refers to the skills, knowledge, and abilities that individuals possess and can use to contribute to the growth and prosperity of a country. This includes education, training, experience, and the ability to learn and adapt to new technologies and processes.
 
2
“Nationalökonomik” is a German term that refers to the study of economics, often translated as “economics” or “political economy.” It is a social science that examines how societies allocate their scarce resources to satisfy their unlimited wants and needs.
 
3
The Deutscher Zollverein was a customs union formed in 1834 (replacing smaller previous customs unions) among many German states to create a free trade area and facilitate economic integration by eliminating customs barriers and establishing a uniform tariff policy. It played a crucial role in the economic unification of Germany and the development of the German economy in the nineteenth century.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
The Pre-Schumpeterian Concept of Innovation: Friedrich List and Two Pioneer Contemporaries
verfasst von
Pablo José Martínez Rojo
Copyright-Jahr
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-40139-8_4