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01.08.2014 | Original paper | Ausgabe 4/2014

Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 4/2014

The Quality Control of Engineering Properties for Stabilizing Silty Nile Delta Clay Soil, Egypt

Zeitschrift:
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering > Ausgabe 4/2014
Autoren:
A. I. M. Ismail, N. Ryden

Abstract

Clay soil with low-bearing capacities can present great problems underlying pavement and light structures due to uncertainty associated with their performance. This paper describes a sonic based testing methodology for quality control of a surface stabilized soil. From an engineering aspect, an increase in water content has a number of disadvantageous consequences: cohesion decreases, the soil swells, the alternating dry-out/shrinkage and wetting/swelling effects destroy the rock or a soil structure. Cement is mixed into the soil to increase both the strength and the usability of local soils in constructions purposes. This is to overcome the problems by strengthening the soil underlying the structure or diminishing the leads transmitted from the foundation to the soil. The compressive strength of the stabilized soil is highly dependent on the type of soil, moisture content, cement content, and compaction work, and can therefore vary significantly in the field. The authors performed the quality control by measuring the sonic and tensile strength velocity in the stabilized soil that has been correlated to compressive strength in native materials. The improvement of the soil materials by the addition of cement could make the material suitable as filling materials, foundation and/or a road base construction. The quality control for the stabilized soils was investigated using sonic measurements and strength gain. The test methods were performed to evaluate the degree of improvement achieved through the measurement of compression and shear-wave velocities of the soil under study. Scanning electron microscopy and electron dispersive X-ray analyses were performed on raw and laboratory treated for qualitative understanding the strength minerals formed during stabilization. The sonic test showed a considerable improvement with curing time and percentages of stabilizer. Mineralogical studies indicated the formation of silica and alumina hydrates along with interwoven structure of cement treated clay particles suggesting adequate mixing of the soil and binder owing to the strength of the soil materials.

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