Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Deciphering others’ affect is ubiquitous in daily life and is important for navigating social interactions and relationships. Research has found that behavioral components, such as facial expressions or body language, are critical channels by which people understand other people’s affect. In the current research, we examined how people’s perceptions of targets’ positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) are associated with targets’ physiological reactivity, and whether behavioral indices mediate these associations. A total of 94 participants (i.e., observers) watched videos of targets completing a social stress task during which targets’ physiological reactivity [i.e., changes in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), cardiac output (CO), and ventricular contractility (VC)] was assessed. We predicted (1) targets’ RSA reactivity would be negatively associated with observers’ perceptions of PA and NA (to a lesser magnitude than PA); (2) targets’ CO reactivity would be positively associated with observers’ perceptions of PA and unrelated to perceptions of NA; and (3) targets’ VC would be positively associated perceptions of PA or NA (VC was an exploratory hypothesis). Our hypotheses were largely supported. Mediational analyses revealed that vocal prosody was a significant mediator of the association between perceptions of targets’ affect and their physiological reactivity. The findings suggest that observers can reliably detect targets’ emotional experiences as they manifest at a physiological level and that voice is an especially useful marker of how people perceive others’ affective experience. The findings have implications for aspects of relationships involving emotion perception, including affect contagion and interpersonal emotion regulation.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Baayen, R. H., Davidson, D. J., & Bates, D. M. (2008). Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language, 59(4), 390–412. CrossRef
Barrett, L. F., & Russell, J. A. (1999). The structure of current affect: Controversies and emerging consensus. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 10–14. CrossRef
Bell, B. A., Ferron, J. M., & Kromrey, J. D. (2008). Cluster size in multilevel models: The impact of sparse data structures on point and interval estimates in two-level models. JSM Proceedings, Section on Survey Research Methods, pp 1122–1129.
Bell, B. A., Morgan, G. B., Schoeneberger, J. A., Kromrey, J. D., & Ferron, J. M. (2014). How low can you go? An investigation of the influence of sample size and model complexity on point and interval estimates in two-level linear models. Methodology, 10, 1–11. CrossRef
Blascovich, J., & Mendes, W. B. (2010). Social psychophysiology and embodiment. In S. T. Fiske, D. T. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (5th ed., pp. 194–227). New York, NY: Wiley.
Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (2017). Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 6.0.21, retrieved 25 July 2017 from http://www.praat.org/
Clore, G. L., Gasper, K., & Garvin, E. (2001). Affect as information. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Handbook of affect and social cognition (pp. 121–144). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Demaree, H. A., & Everhart, D. E. (2004). Healthy high-hostiles: Reduced parasympathetic activity and decreased sympathovagal flexibility during negative emotional processing. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(2), 457–469. CrossRef
Ekman, P., Freisen, W. V., & Ancoli, S. (1980). Facial signs of emotional experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(6), 1125–1134. CrossRef
Ekman, P., Friesen, W. V., & Hager, J. C. (2002). Facial action coding system. Salt Lake City, UT: Network Information Research.
Global Workplace Analytics & Flexjobs. (2017). The 2017 state of telecommuting in the U.S. employee workforce. Retrieved from https://www.flexjobs.com/2017-State-of-Telecommuting-US/
Gros, D. F., Morland, L. A., Greene, C. J., Acierno, R., Strachan, M., Egede, L. E., et al. (2013). Delivery of evidence-based psychotherapy via video telehealth. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 35(4), 506–521. CrossRef
Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348–362. CrossRef
Hagan, M. J., Bush, N., Mendes, W. B., Arenander, J., Cohodes, E., Epel, E. S., et al. (2017). Childhood adversity is related to daily coping strategies among those who are sensitive to context. Anxiety Stress and Coping, 30, 163–175. CrossRef
Hayes, A. F. (2013). An introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York: The Guilford Press.
Hess, U. (2017). Body language. Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences. Berlin: Springer.
Jameson, J. P., & Blank, M. B. (2007). The role of clinical psychology in rural mental health services: Defining problems and developing solutions. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 14(3), 283–298.
Juslin, P. N., & Scherer, K. R. (2005). Vocal expression of affect. In J. Harrigan, R. Rosenthal, & K. Scherer (Eds.), The new handbook of methods in nonverbal behaviour research (pp. 65–135). Oxford: New York, NY.
Kappas, A., Hess, U., & Scherer, K. (1991). Voice and emotion. In R. S. Feldman & B. Rimé (Eds.), Fundamentals of nonverbal behavior (pp. 200–238). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Keltner, D., & Cordaro, D. T. (2017). Understanding multimodal emotional expressions: Recent advances in basic emotion theory. In J. Russell & J. M. Fernandez-Dols (Eds.), Facial expression. New York: Oxford University Press.
Keltner, D., & Gross, J. J. (1999). Functional accounts of emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 13(5), 467–480. CrossRef
Keltner, D., Tracy, J., Sauter, D., Cordaro, D., & McNeil, G. (2016). Emotional expression. In L. E. Barrett, M. Lewis, & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (4th ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Larsen, R. J., & Diener, E. (1992). Promises and problems with the circumplex model of emotion. In M. S. Clark (Ed.), Emotion: The review of personality and social psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 25–59). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253. CrossRef
Mendes, W. B. (2016). Emotion and the autonomic nervous system. In L. E. Barrett, M. Lewis, & J. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of emotions (4th ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Porges, S. W., Doussard-Roosevelt, J. A., & Maiti, A. K. (1994). Vagal tone and the physiological regulation of emotion. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), Monographs of the society for research in child development (Vol. 59, pp. 167–186). Boston: Blackwell Publishing.
Psychology Software Tools, Inc. [E-Prime 2.0]. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.pstnet.com.
Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S. L., Turvey, C., & Palfai, T. P. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure and health (pp. 125–154). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Seery, M. D. (2013). The biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat: Using the heart to measure the mind. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 637–653. CrossRef
Smith, A. (2006). Cognitive empathy and emotional empathy in human behavior and evolution. The Psychological Record, 56(3), 3–21. CrossRef
Weisbuch, M., Seery, M. D., Ambady, N., & Blascovich, J. (2009). On the correspondence between physiological and nonverbal responses: Nonverbal behavior accompanying challenge and threat. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 33(2), 141–148. CrossRef
- The Role of Physiology and Voice in Emotion Perception During Social Stress
Nathaniel S. Eckland
Teresa M. Leyro
Wendy Berry Mendes
Renee J. Thompson
- Springer US
Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
Print ISSN: 0191-5886
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-3653