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This chapter examines the political role of the United Nations in the Yemen crisis between 2011 and 2019, focusing on the Security Council, the Secretary General’s Special Envoys, and the Department of Political Affairs. There were two phases, the first between 2011 and the outbreak of the internationalized war in 2015 when the UN was deeply involved in the country’s domestic politics during the Gulf Cooperation Council-sponsored transitional regime: then, it could have performed better by taking a broader view of the country’s major problems but, instead, focused on the National Dialogue Conference, failing to address other major developments. In the second phase, during the war, the unwillingness of the warring parties to seek peace prevented the UN from playing an effective mediating role. As elsewhere, the UN structure and its lack of enforcement tools prevented it from playing the supra-national role which would enable it to solve problems in the interests of populations at large.
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France 24. (2019, April 15). Yemen Parties Agree to the Details of a Pullback Plan: UN Envoy. https://www.france24.com/en/20190415-yemen-parties-agree-details-pullback-plan-un-envoy
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Lackner, H. (2016). Yemen’s Peaceful Transition from Autocracy: Could It Have Succeeded? Stockholm: International IDEA. https://www.idea.int/publications/catalogue/yemens-peaceful-transition-autocracy-could-it-have-succeeded
Lackner, H. (2019). Yemen in Crisis: The Road to War. New York: Verso.
UN Secretary-General’s Report to the General Assembly and Security Council, on Children in Armed Conflict (A/73/907, S/2019/509).
UN Security Council Report. (2016, September). In Hindsight: The Story of the UN Verification and Inspection Mechanism in Yemen.
UNSC Insights: What’s In Blue. Insights into the Work of the Security Council. (Various Dates). https://www.whatsinblue.org/yemen
UNSC Presidential Statements Classified as S/PRST/year/number.
UNSC Press Releases Classified as Code Number (Date) or Code Number, Meeting Number. UNSC/11888 (12 May 2015) or UNSC 13227, 8191st meeting.
UNSC Resolutions 2014 (October 21, 2011), 2051 (June 12, 2012), 2140 (February 26, 2014), 2201 (February 15, 2015), 2204 (February 24, 2015), 2216 (April 14, 2015), 2266 (February 24, 2016), 2342 (February 23, 2017), 2402 (February 26, 2018), 2451 (December 21, 2018), 2452 (January 16, 2019), 2456 (February 26, 2019), 2481 (July 15, 2019).
Whitfield, T. (2019). Mediating in a Complex World. Inter Press Service News. http://www.ipsnews.net/2019/08/mediating-peace-complex-world/
- The Role of the United Nations in the Yemen Crisis
- Chapter 2
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