In this chapter we look at the social environment of Manchineri youths: the relations between young people and both their older kin in the reserve and the city as well as nonhuman beings and non-Manchineri people. This chapter creates a basis for understanding young people as an age group and how the different agencies, both human and nonhuman, employ different perspectives in the world, insofar as they embody different social and cultural environments in distinct ways. Here I shall discuss the experiences of social proximity in the native villages, looking at the different lifestyles of the Manchineri living in the Mamoadate reserve and those in the state capital, Rio Branco. I will then turn to the relations between young people and their ancestors, along with plant and animal spirits, and to their conceptions of the origin of the world as they apply to positioning the self within the web of relations. Finally, I will discuss changing positions vis-à-vis other indigenous groups and non-Indians. The main point in this chapter is that personhood is created in dynamic relations not only with community members and nonhumans but increasingly with other natives and different types of nonnatives.
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- The Sociocosmology of Amazonian Indigenous Youth
Pirjo Kristiina Virtanen
- Palgrave Macmillan US
- Chapter 1